Recife Metro

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Recife Metro
CBTU Logo.svg
Metrorec - Estação Imbiribeira 2 - Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil.jpg
Overview
Native nameMetrô do Recife, Metrorec
LocaleMetropolitan Region of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines3 (plus 2 light rail lines)
Line numberC1, C2, S, VLT/Linha Diesel
Number of stations29[1]
Daily ridership225,000 (Metro only)[1]
WebsiteCBTU Recife
Operation
Began operation11 March 1985; 37 years ago (1985-03-11)
Operator(s)Companhia Brasileira de Trens Urbanos (CBTU)
Number of vehicles40[1]
Train length4 cars[1]
Headway4.75–7 minutes (Center Line)[1]
16 minutes (South Line)[1]
Technical
System length39.5 km (24.5 mi)[1]
Track gauge1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)[1]
System map
Map of the network, including the light rail line. At the time of the map, Cosme e Damião station was still under construction.

The Recife Metro (Portuguese: Metrô do Recife, Metrorec) is a rapid transit system serving the Metropolitan Region of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. It is operated by the federally-owned Companhia Brasileira de Trens Urbanos (CBTU) and currently serves 29 stations, along 39.5 kilometers (24.5 mi) of track. The system is complemented by two diesel-powered light rail lines with seven additional stations.[2] In 2018, the combined system carried 102,089,000 passengers.[3]

Characteristics[edit]

The contemporary metro, entirely aboveground, began construction in 1983, with funding from the World Bank.[4] The metro consists of the Center Line (with two branches, Center-1 and Center-2) and the South Line, which all radiate outward from Recife station.

The stations were designed to include various non-written means of identification, as the Northeast Region has a substantial rate of illiteracy (13.9% as of 2019).[5] In addition to audio messages announcing the name of the stop, there are visual cues: a different color is used on the walls of every station, and stations are uniquely identified with pictograms, similar to the Mexico City Metro.

Center Line trains leaving Recife station have one of two destinations: Center-1 trains run to Camaragibe, while Center-2 trains serve Jaboatão dos Guararapes. The two branches run on the same tracks between Recife station and Coqueiral station, reusing the route of an old railway track, where the metro system was built. The South line runs from Recife station parallel to the shore of the Atlantic.

The average distance between stations is of 1.2 kilometers (0.7 mi) so the typical speed of the train is 40 km/h (25 mph), but the maximum speed is 90 km/h (56 mph).[1] The gauge is 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) (Irish gauge) and the trains are powered by overhead lines.[1]

The system originally had a total of 25.2 kilometers (15.7 mi) of route. After completion of the expansion of the network that occurred from February 2005 to March 2009, the metro grew to its current 39.5 kilometers (24.5 mi) in length.[1]

Diesel light rail[edit]

A 31.5 km (19.6 mi) long meter gauge (1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in)) light rail network (Brazilian Portuguese: Veículo Leve sobre Trilhos, VLT) is integrated with the metro system.[1] Two light rail lines link the city of Cabo de Santo Agostinho with Recife and provide a connection between the Center-1 and South lines through the suburbs. The rail lines are not electrified, and use diesel vehicles. Terminology varies, with the CBTU and media referring to it both as the VLT and as the Linha Diesel ('Diesel line'), the name of the former heavy rail service.[6][7][8]

Bus integration[edit]

The system also includes several bus lines linked from the terminals of bus/metro integration designated SEI (Sistema Estrutural Integrado - "Integrated Structural System") through which passengers may continue their travel on the same ticket.[9]

Lines[edit]

Metro[edit]

The metro is built to a gauge of 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in), (Irish gauge). All three lines are elevated or at grade, and trains are powered by overhead lines.

Line Terminals Start date Length Stations Duration (min) Schedule (as of April 2021)[10]
Center - 1 RecifeCamaragibe 11 March 1985 15 28 Daily, 5 AM to 11 PM
Center - 2 RecifeJaboatão 29 August 1987 14 24 Daily, 5 AM to 11 PM
South Recife ↔ Cajueiro Seco 28 February 2005 14.3 km 13 25[11] Daily, 5 AM to 11 PM
Total (metro system) 39.5 km[1] 29[1] --- ---

† Center-1 and Center-2 lines share a significant amount of track. The precise length of each branch has not been published.

Light rail[edit]

Metre gauge (1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in) is used, in common with most other railways in Brazil. It is built at grade.

Line Terminals Start date Length Stations Duration (min) Schedule (as of April 2021)
Diesel light rail (VLT) Cabo de Santo Agustinho ↔ Cajueiro Seco, Curado ↔ Cajueiro Seco 2012 31.5 km[1] 8[1] 54 Monday to Friday, 5 AM to 8:44 PM

(on Saturdays, until 2pm). No service on Sunday.[10]

Rolling stock[edit]

Train model[12] Type Years active Country of origin Lines served
ALCO RS-8 Diesel-electric locomotive 1959-unknown USA Light rail
CAF 100 Electric multiple unit 2012–present Brazil/Spain Metro, unknown
TUDH BS Mobile 3 [pt] Diesel multiple unit 2012–present Brazil/Germany Light rail
TUE Santa Matilde/MAN Série 800 [pt] Electric multiple unit 1985-unknown Brazil/Germany/UK Metro, unknown

Stations[edit]

Recife Metro
Central Line - C1 & C2
South Line - S
Recife
Bus interchange
Joana Bezerra
Bus interchange
Bus interchange
Afogados
Largo da Paz
Bus interchange
Ipiranga
Imbiribeira
Mangueira
Antonio Falcão
Bus interchange
Santa Luzia
Recife Shopping Center
Edgar Werneck
Tancredo Neves
Bus interchange
Bus interchange
Barro
Aeroporto
Guararapes International Airport Bus interchange
Tejipió
Porta Larga
Coqueiral
Monte dos Guararapes
Prazeres
Bus interchange
Cajueiro Seco
Tram interchange Bus interchange
Alto do Céu
Tram interchange
Curado
Cavaleiro
Bus interchange
Bus interchange
Rodoviária
Coach Station
Floriano
Cosme e Damião
Engenho Velho
Bus interchange
Camaragibe
Jaboatão
Central Line - C1
Central Line - C2

Legend
SEI
Sistema Estrutural Integrado
(Integrated Structural System)
LRT
Light Rail Transit
Intercity bus
Airport
Center-1 Center-2 South Line Diesel Light Rail
1 Recife SEI Recife SEI Recife SEI Curado C1
2 Joana Bezerra¹ SEI Joana Bezerra¹ SEI Joana Bezerra¹ SEI Jorge Lins
3 Afogados SEI Afogados SEI Largo da Paz SEI Marcos Freire
4 Ipiranga Ipiranga Imbiribeira Cajueiro Seco SEI, S
5 Mangueira Mangueira Antonio Falcão Ângelo de Souza
6 Santa Luzia SEI Santa Luzia SEI Shopping Center Recife Pontezinha
7 Edgar Werneck Edgar Werneck Tancredo Neves SEI Ponte dos Carvalhos
8 Barro SEI Barro SEI Aeroporto - Airport SEI Santo Inácio
9 Tejipió Tejipió Porta Larga Cabo SEI
10 Coqueiral² Coqueiral² Monte dos Guararapes
11 Alto do Céu Cavaleiro SEI Prazeres SEI
12 Curado LRT Floriano Cajueiro Seco SEI, LRT
13 Rodoviária-Coach station Engenho Velho
14 Cosme e Damião Jaboatão
15 Camaragibe SEI

Notes[edit]

  • SEI: integration with local buses
  • 1: Center-1, Center-2 and South lines run together between Recife and Joana Bezerra stations
  • 2: Center-1 and Center-2 run together between Recife and Coqueiral stations

Network map (excluding light rail)[edit]

Map

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Características - Características Técnicas E Operacionais Do Metrô" [Characteristics - Technical and Operational Characteristics of Metro] (in Portuguese). CBTU-STU Recife. Archived from the original on 10 November 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  2. ^ "Portal CBTU - Recife". www.cbtu.gov.br. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  3. ^ Relatório de Gestão 2018 (PDF). Companhia Brasileira de Trens Urbanos- (CBTU). 2019. p. 37.
  4. ^ Oliveira de Andrade, Maurício (2009). "The Recife Metro – The Impact on Urban Development after 20 years". Flux. https://www.cairn-int.info/journal-flux1-2009-1-page-57.htm: 57–68 – via cairn.info. {{cite journal}}: External link in |volume= (help)
  5. ^ "Continuous National Household Sample Survey - Continuous PNAD 2019". IBGE. Retrieved 6 April 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Pernambuco, Diario de (14 December 2020). "CBTU altera horários de VLTs da Linha Diesel". Diario de Pernambuco (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 6 April 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "Linha Diesel do Metrô do Recife anuncia retomada da operação anterior à pandemia e ganha novos horários". G1 (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  8. ^ "Conselho da CBTU veta adiar aumento da tarifa do metrô no Recife". G1 (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  9. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080202123837/http://www.cbtu.gov.br/acbtu/acompanhia/sistemas/rec/recsist_cont.htm. Archived from the original on 2 February 2008. Retrieved 17 July 2009. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ a b "Portal CBTU - horários". www.cbtu.gov.br. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  11. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20090715074450/http://www.cbtu.gov.br/operadoras/sites/menuprincrec.htm. Archived from the original on 15 July 2009. Retrieved 15 July 2009. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ "Frota de TUEs é 2,97% maior que ano passado" (PDF). Revista Ferroviária. October 2017.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External links[edit]

  • CBTU Recife – official website (in Portuguese)
  • Parent company CBTU's website; Contains links to other Brazilian urban rail systems
  • Photographic gallery for the Diesel line (pictures taken at a "photographical excursion" involving several photo artists at 19 August 2009)