Recife metropolitan area

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Recife Metropolitan Area
Metro Area
Nickname(s): RMR
Location of Recife Metropolitan Area
Country  Brazil
Region Northeast
State  Pernambuco
Founded as Metro June 8, 1973
Recife as Capital 1537
Area
 • Metro 2,768.9 km2 (1,069.5 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Metro 3 898 470
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
HDI (2000) 0.78 – low

Recife Metropolitan Area is the largest urban metropolitan area of the Northeast/North regions and the fifth in Brazil with 3,768,902 inhabitants[1] in 2008.Is among with another large cities the first nine established metropolitan regions in Brazil (created by federal supplementary law 14/73 of 8 June 1973). It has one important international airport, two important internationals ports (Suape and Recife), one integrated metro-bus service, many Universities, Hospitals, Museums, Theatres, Historic Monuments, Shopping centers, international Hotels and a large industrial Cluster. Its now passing through a time of economic euphoria in the early construction in the Suape port of a Petrobras refinery, a petrochemical pole and the largest ship builder in South America. Its area of influence (4th largest in Brazil)[2] covers the entire states of Pernambuco, Paraíba, Alagoas in addition to the interior of the states of Rio Grande do Norte, Piauí, Maranhão, Ceará and Bahia. Its main city is Recife with 1.56 millions inhabitants, capital of Pernambuco.

Cities[edit]

According to IBGE the metropolitan area is formed by 17 municipalities:[citation needed]

Orla de Boa Viagem - Recife
Orla de Piedade - Jaboatão dos Guararapes
Orla de Casa Caiada - Olinda
Praia de Porto de Galinhas-Ipojuca
Rio Sirinhaém-Sirinhaém
City Joint in Area (km²)
[3]
Population
(2009)[4]
HDI
(2000)[5]
GDP (R$ x1000 - 2007).[6] GDP per capita
(R$ - 2007)
Abreu e Lima LCE 10/94 125.991 94,428 0.730 747,228 7,913.20
Araçoiaba Instalação do mun. 96.381 18,144 0.637 54,776 3,018.95
Goiana Instalação do mun. 501.170 75,987 0.692 634,200 8,521.44
Sirinhaém Instalação do mun. 378.790 40,852 0.633 183,646 4,817.34
Escada Instalação do mun. 347.197 63,991 0.645 327,138 5,225.51
Cabo de Santo Agostinho LCF 14/73 447.875 185,123 0.707 3,826,487 20,699.97
Camaragibe LCE 10/94 55.083 144,506 0.747 618,538 4,280.36
Igarassu LCF 14/73 305.565 101,987 0.719 1,057,750 10,371.42
Ilha de Itamaracá LCF 14/73 65.411 22,449 0.743 94,137 4,193.37
Ipojuca LCE 10/94 527.317 80,542 0.658 7,082,703 87,938.01
Itapissuma LCE 10/94 74.249 23,723 0.695 558,915 23,560.05
Jaboatão dos Guararapes LCF 14/73 256.073 644,699 0.777 7,068,777 10,964.46
Moreno LCF 14/73 195.603 56,767 0.693 257,636 4,538.48
Olinda LCF 14/73 43.548 377,779 0.792 2,601,108 6,925.96
Paulista LCF 14/73 93.518 300,466 0.799 1,839,666 6,119.75
Recife LCF 14/73 217.494 1,537,704 0.797 2,483,534 16,058.89
São Lourenço da Mata LCF 14/73 264.346 102,956 0.707 430,601 4,182.38
Total 3,147.745 3,809,754 0.780 224,519,764 10,845
Pernambuco 98,938 8,810,256 0.705 62,255,687 7,337

Transport[edit]

Airport[edit]

Guararapes International Airport, also known as Gilberto Freyre International Airport, is the airport serving Recife.[citation needed]

Atlântico Sul Shipyard

Ports[edit]

The region is served by Suape and Recife ports.[citation needed]

Recife Metro, the second largest in Brazil, after São Paulo.[7]

Metro[edit]

Since 1998, an extension to the Recife Metro is being built. When ready, it will become the second largest in Brazil, after São Paulo.[8]

This system also integrates with several bus lines connected to the bus/metro[9] integration terminals, such as Barro and Joana Bezerra stations. It is possible to ride the metro and the connected bus line by purchasing one ticket only. Since March 2009, Recife Metro has finished one more phase of expansion. The system counts now has 28 stations (11 integrated with buses) and is 39.5 kilometers long.[citation needed]

Bus[edit]

Buses transport almost two million passengers daily.[10][11]

Highways[edit]

Recife metropolitan area is crisscrossed by 3 main Federal[12] highways:

Tourism[edit]

During the whole year, Recife is home of many celebrations and events, most of them, religious holidays. The carnival of Recife and Olinda (which has its historic town center considered one of the Brazilian world heritage site by UNESCO in 1982)[13] begins many weeks ahead in December with innumerable balls and processions, as locals begin preparing for the official Carnival, which starts in February.

Recife has a number of hotels.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IBGE Population 2009
  2. ^ Cities Influence Areas
  3. ^ IBGE, Área Territorial Oficial, Resolução nº 5 de 10 de outubro de 2002. Acessado em 20 de janeiro de 2008.[dead link]
  4. ^ Brazil population City by city 2009
  5. ^ "Ranking decrescente do IDH-M dos municípios do Brasil". Programa das Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento (PNUD). 2000. Retrieved 29 May 2008. 
  6. ^ PIB City by City 2006 IBGE pages 29,30,31
  7. ^ Qual é o maior metrô do Brasil? (Portuguese)
  8. ^ Recife Metro (in Portuguese). Recife, Brazil: Diário de Pernambuco. 2006. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-02-02. Retrieved 2007-07-18. 
  9. ^ Recife Metro (in Portuguese). Recife, Brazil: CBTU. 2006. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-02-02. Retrieved 2007-07-18. 
  10. ^ http://blogs.diariodepernambuco.com.br/tecnologia/?p=2229
  11. ^ http://jc.uol.com.br/2008/06/27/not_172583.php
  12. ^ http://www.aondefica.com/p_atlasflash_pe.as[dead link]p
  13. ^ Olinda - Unesco
  14. ^ Miolo_1.pdf Fifa 2014 - Recife

Coordinates: 23°59′S 47°03′W / 23.983°S 47.050°W / -23.983; -47.050