Awards and decorations of the Bangladesh Liberation War
Awards and decorations of the Bangladesh War of Independence were decorations which were bestowed by the government of Bangladesh through official Gazette of December 1973 along with the official list of sector commanders.
A listing of the medals bestowed after the Bangladesh War of Independence are as follows:
A total of 677 participants of the Bangladesh War of Independence received gallantry awards for their service and bravery. Four categories of gallantry awards were created after the war in Bangladesh. These were:
The Bir Sreshtho (Bengali: বীরশ্রেষ্ঠ) (Valiant of Courage), is the highest military award of Bangladesh. It was awarded to seven freedom fighters who showed utmost bravery and died in action for their nation. They are considered martyrs.
Recipients All the recipients of this award were killed in action during the Bangladesh War of Independence in 1971. The award was published by the Bangladesh Gazette on 15 December 1973. It is the highest military award of Bangladesh, similar to the U.S. Medal of Honor or the U.K.'s Victoria Cross. It has only been given in 1973 to seven people. Listed below are the people who have received the Bir Srestho medal. They are all considered 'Shaheed' (Martyrs).
- Captain Mohiuddin Jahangir † (Army)
- Sepoy Hamidur Rahman † (Army)
- Sepoy Mostafa Kamal † (Army)
- Engineroom Artificer Ruhul Amin † (Navy)
- Flight Lieutenant Matiur Rahman † (Air Force)
- Lance Naik Munshi Abdur Rouf † (Bangladesh Rifles)
- Lance Naik Nur Mohammad Sheikh † (Bangladesh Rifles)
|01||Khaja Nazimuddin bhuiyan,Martyr||Sector-04||Leader Public Force/Gano Bahini|
|02||K M Shafiullah||Commander, S Force||Major|
|03||Ziaur Rahman||Commander, Z Force||Major|
|04||Chittoronjon Datta||Sector Commander-04||But|
|05||Kazi Nuruzzaman||Sector Commander-07||Major|
|06||Mir Showkat Ali||Sector Commander-05||Major|
|07||Khaled Mosharraf||Commander, K Force||Major|
|08||Abdul Manzur||Sector Commander-08||Major|
|09||Abu Taher||Interim Sector Commander-11||Major|
|10||A N M Nuruzzaman||Sector Commander-03||Captain|
|11||Rafiqul Islam,1971||Sector Commander-01||Captain|
|12||Abdus Salek Choudhury||Sector Commander-02||Captain|
|13||Aminul Haque||Commander, 8 East Bengal||Major|
|14||Abdur Rob||Army chief, AHQ||Lieutenant Colonel|
|15||A K Khandker||Deputy Chief of Staff Army||Group Captain|
|18||Liakat Ali Khan||-||-|
|19||Shahabuddin Ahmed, 1971||-||-|
|20||Anwar Hossain Pahari||-||-|
|21||Aftab Ali||(Sector-11)3rd East Bengal||subeder|
|22||Motiur Rahman||-||Lieutenant Colonel|
A total of 175 fighters have been awarded on 15 December 1973 for their heroic actions at the Liberation War of Bangladesh in 1971. The government of Bangladesh declared the name of the awardees in Bangladesh Gazette on 15 December 1973.
This award was officially declared on 15 December 1973 through Bangladesh Gazette. A total of 426 people have received the award so far,[clarification needed] all for their actions during the liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971.
Liberation War medals
|Samor Pawdok (War Medal)|
|Joy Pawdok (Victory Medal)|
|Rono Taroka (Campaign Star)|
|Mukti Taroka (Liberation Star)|
The Independence Day Award (Bengali: স্বাধীনতা পদক), also termed Independence Award (Bengali: স্বাধীনতা পুরস্কার), Swadhinata Padak, and Swadhinata Puroskar, is the highest state award given by the government of Bangladesh. Introduced in 1977, this award is bestowed upon Bangladeshi citizens or organizations in recognition of substantial contribution to one of many fields, including the War of Liberation, the language movement, education, literature, journalism, public service, science and technology, medical science, social science, song, games and sports, fine arts, rural development, and other areas.
- Bangladesh Freedom Honour -(Bengali: বাংলাদেশ স্বাধীনতা সম্মাননা Bānglādēśa sbādhīnatā sam'mānanā); posthumously conferred on former Indian prime minister Indira Gandhi.
- Bangladesh Liberation War Honour -(Bengali: বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ সম্মাননা Bānglādēśa muktiyud'dha sam'mānanā); conferred to heads of states and heads of governments:
- King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck
- President Fidel Castro
- President Pranab Mukherjee
- Prime Minister I. K. Gujral.
- Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
- President Ram Baran Yadav
- President Girija Prasad Koirala
- Prime Minister Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala
- President Leonid IIyich Brezhnev
- President Nikolai Viktorovich Podgorny
- Prime Minister Alexei Nikolaevich Kosygin
- Prime Minister Sir Edward Richard George Heath
- President Marshal Josip Broz Tito
- Friends of Liberation War Honour -(Bengali: মুক্তিযুদ্ধ মৈত্রী সম্মাননা Muktiyud'dha maitrī sam'mānanā); conferred to individuals, six organisations and Mitra Bahini. The individuals include 257 Indians, 88 Americans, 41 Pakistanis, 39 Britons, nine Russians, 18 Nepalese, 16 French and 18 Japanese. Three ceremonies were held between March 2012  and October 2012.
- Lance Naik Albert Ekka (Posthumously)
- Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon (Posthumously)
- Major Hoshiar Singh
- Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal (Posthumously)
|Rank||Name||Branch||Award Date||Awarded for|
|Adm||Laxminarayan Ramdass||Indian Navy||01 Dec 1971||Operation Cactus Lily|
|Subedar||Gurdev Singh Hans||Indian Army||04 Dec 1971||Operation Cactus Lily|
|Maj||Nanjappa K P||Indian Army||05 Dec 1971||Battle of Daudkandi|
|Lt Col||Raj Singh||Indian Army||15 Dec 1971||Operation Cactus Lily |
|Major||PK Sharma||Indian Army||06 Dec 1971||Operation Cactus Lily|
|Captain||Jatinder Kumar||Indian Army||06 Dec 1971||Operation Cactus Lily|
|Col||Gopal Krishan Trivedy||Indian Army||11 Dec 1971||Operation Cactus Lily|
|Lt Col||Satish Nambiar||Indian Army||11 Dec 1971||Operation Cactus Lily|
|Air Cmde||Jasjit Singh||Indian Air Force||17 Dec 1971||Operation Cactus Lily|
|Grenadier||Rafiq Khan||Indian Army||19 Dec 1971||Operation Cactus Lily|
|Vice Adm||Arun Prakash||Indian Navy||21 Dec 1971||Operation Cactus Lily|
|Squadron Leader||M A Ganapathy||Indian Air force||1972||Boyra Encounter (1971)|
- Major Muhammad Akram (posthumously)
- Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas (posthumously)
- Major Shabbir Sharif (posthumously)
- Sarwar Muhammad Hussain (posthumously)
- Lance Naik Muhammad Mahfuz (posthumously)
- Liberation War of Bangladesh
- Bangladeshi honours system
- Military awards and decorations of Bangladesh
- The Bir Sreshtho বীরশ্রেষ্ঠ [The Most Valiant Hero], birsreshtho.com, retrieved 22 December 2015
- Independence Day Award, Cabinet Division, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- Haroon Habib (25 July 2011). "Bangladesh honours Indira Gandhi with highest award". The Hindu.
- "Bangladesh will remember Castro with reverence: PM". The Daily Star. Dhaka. November 27, 2016. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- Pranab Mukherjee receives Bangladesh's second highest award. NDTV.com (2013-03-05). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
- Former Indian PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee honoured for his 1971 role: On his behalf Modi receives Bangladesh Liberation War award from Hamid, 8 June 2015
- Friends of freedom honoured, Wednesday, 28 March 2012, thedailystar.net
- "B'desh honours foreign friends", The Financial Express, 28 March 2012
- Nation honours foreign friends, The Financial Express, 21 October 2012
- "Martyrs". National Defense Academy, Pune. Archived from the original on 29 September 2011.
- "Param Vir Chakra". Government of India.
- "Vir Chakra Awardee List". Bharat Rakshak. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- Vir Chakra (VrC) Awardee: Lt Col Raj Singh, VrC, SM, The War Decorated, India
- "Nishan-e-Haider holders of Pakistan Army".
- "Nishan-e-Haider". Shaheed Foundation Pakistan. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014.