Reclam de xeremies

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Reclam de xeremies de fabricació moderna

The reclam de xeremies, also known as the xeremia bessona[1] or xeremieta,[2] is a double clarinet with two single reeds, traditionally found on the Balearic island of Ibiza, off the east coast of Spain.

It consists of two cane tubes of equal length, bound together by cord and small pieces of lead to stabilise the tubes. On each tube are several finger holes, traditionally four in the front and one on the back, though in modern instruments the back hole is often omitted. At the top end of each cane a smaller piece of cane holding the single reed, though in modern instruments the reed is often inserted directly into the bore.[3]

Traditionally the fingerholes gave a pentatonic scale in a tuning varying by instrument.

Various researches[4] believe that the reclam descends from a similar instrument of Hellenic Egypt. In any case, it does indeed appear to be very similar in design to other Mediterranean double-reedpipes such as the Arabic mijwiz, the Tunisian zumarra, the Egyptian argul, and the Sicilian launeddas.

Per the Hornbostel-Sachs classification, this is classified as a "cojoined single-reed instrument," categorised by the number 422.22.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.enciclopedia.cat/fitxa_v2.jsp?NDCHEC=0100439 Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana
  2. ^ Segons Juanma Sánchez a: http://www.tamborileros.com/tradiberia/aerfono2.htm
  3. ^ Crivillé, Josep: El folklore musical. Alianza Editorial. Madrid, 1983. p. 374
  4. ^ García-Matos, Manuel: Instrumentos musicales folklóricos de España. Anuario Musical, 9 (1954), p. 161