Reclining Buddha

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Buddha in parinirvana, Gandhara art, 2nd or 3rd century
Reclining Buddha of Galvihara at Polonnaruwa (Sri Lanka, 12th century)

A reclining Buddha is a statue that represents Buddha lying down and is a major iconographic and statuary pattern of Buddhism. It represents the historical Buddha during his last illness, about to enter the parinirvana[citation needed]. He is lying on the right flank, his head resting on a cushion or relying on his right elbow, supporting his head with his hand. After the Buddha's death, his followers decide to build a statue of him lying down. They first build the Reclining Buddha statue inside of the Wat Pho Temple then decades later; they start making the sculpture everywhere in South East Asia.

This pattern seems to have emerged at the same time as other representations of the Buddha in the Greco-Buddhist art of Gandhara.

Notable examples[edit]

The reclining Buddha of Zhangye
The reclining Buddha of the Hpo win caves
reclining buddha kratie
Golden gilded reclining Buddha at Sambok Mountain in Kratie, Cambodia[1]



  • West side of the Baphuon in Angkor
  • Monolithic Buddha of the Phnom Kulen (lying on his left side)
  • Golden gilded Buddha on Sambok Mountain in Kratie Province (to his right side)



  • Bhamala Buddha Parinirvana which is 1,800 years old, oldest in the world.[3]





Sri Lanka:




  1. ^ "Guide to the Wild East of Cambodia – what to do and where to go in the Green Triangle". 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Ma Thanegi (February 2014). "Chaukhtutgyi Reclining Buddha Image" (PDF). My Magical Myanmar. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "".  External link in |title= (help)

External links[edit]

Media related to Reclining Buddha statues at Wikimedia Commons