A reclining Buddha is an image that represents Buddha lying down and is a major iconographic theme in Buddhist art. It represents the historical Buddha during his last illness, about to enter the parinirvana. He is lying on his right side, his head resting on a cushion or relying on his right elbow, supporting his head with his hand. After the Buddha's death, his followers decide to build a statue of him lying down.
In Thai art
For Thai Buddha attitudes (Thai: ปางพระพุทธรูป; parang Phra phut ta roupe), the reclining Buddha (Thai: ปางไสยาสน์; paang sai yat) can refer to three different episodes, whilst the attribute of each remains unclear.
- Nirvana attitude (Thai: ปางปรินิพพาน; paang pari nipphan)
- Teaching the Rahu Asurin attitude (Thai: ปางโปรดอสุรินทราหู; paang proad asurin tra rahu)
- Sleeping attitude (Thai: ปางทรงพระสุบิน; paang song phra subin)
- Winsein Tawya Buddha (Mawlamyaing) - 182.9 metres (600 ft)
- Thanboddhay Pagoda (Monywa) - 101 metres (331 ft)
- Myathalyaung Buddha (Bago) - 82 metres (269 ft)
- Lawka Tharahpu Buddha (Dawei) - 73.6 metres (241 ft)
- Chaukhtatgyi Buddha Temple (Yangon) - 66 metres (217 ft)
- Shwethalyaung Buddha (Bago) - 54.8 metres (180 ft)
- Manuha Temple (Bagan)
- Phowintaung, near Monywa
- West side of the Baphuon in Angkor
- Monolithic Buddha of the Phnom Kulen (lying on his left side)
- Golden gilded Buddha on Sambok Mountain in Kratié Province (on his right side)
- Bhamala Buddha Parinirvana which is 1,800 years old, oldest in the world.
- Cave #26 of Ajanta
- Wat Chayamangkalaram in Pulau Tikus, Penang
- Sam Poh Tong Temple in Ipoh, Perak
- Wat Phothivihan in Tumpat, Kelantan
- Wat Dhammachaksemaram (reclining Buddha of the 7th century in Dvaravati style coming from Muang Sema)
- Wat Lokaya Sutharam in Ayutthaya
- Wat Pho of Bangkok
- Linh Son Temple in Santa Fe, Texas
- "The Discourse on The Great Parinirvana" (PDF). www.themindingcentre.org. p. 140. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
- "Guide to the Wild East of Cambodia – what to do and where to go in the Green Triangle".
- Ma Thanegi (February 2014). "Chaukhtutgyi Reclining Buddha Image" (PDF). My Magical Myanmar. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
- "Footprints: No sleep lost over broken Buddha".
Media related to Statues of the Buddha reclining at Wikimedia Commons