Reclining Buddha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Buddha in parinirvana, Gandhara art, 2nd or 3rd century
Buddha entering nirvana, Bắc Ninh province, Vietnam, 17th century AD

A reclining Buddha is an image that represents Buddha lying down and is a major iconographic theme in Buddhist art. It represents the historical Buddha during his last illness, about to enter the parinirvana.[1] He is lying on his right side, his head resting on a cushion or relying on his right elbow, supporting his head with his hand.

This pattern seems to have emerged at the same time as other representations of the Buddha in the Greco-Buddhist art of Gandhara.

In Thai art[edit]

Reclining Buddha of Galvihara at Polonnaruwa (Sri Lanka, 12th century)

For Thai Buddha attitudes (Thai: ปางพระพุทธรูป; parang Phra phut ta roupe), the reclining Buddha (Thai: ปางไสยาสน์; paang sai yat) can refer to three different episodes, whilst the attribute of each remains unclear.

  • Nirvana attitude (Thai: ปางปรินิพพาน; paang pari nipphan)
  • Teaching the Rahu Asurin attitude (Thai: ปางโปรดอสุรินทราหู; paang proad asurin tra rahu)
  • Sleeping attitude (Thai: ปางทรงพระสุบิน; paang song phra subin)

Notable examples[edit]

The reclining Buddha of Zhangye
The reclining Buddha of the Hpo win caves
reclining buddha kratie
Golden gilded reclining Buddha at Sambok Mountain in Kratié, Cambodia[2]
Butunehanzu (仏涅槃図) at Kongōbu-ji (Heian period)
The reclining Buddha of Wat Pho
Reclining Buddha statue in the Revival Lê period


Reclining Buddha at Chua Linh-Son Buddhist Temple -- Santa Fe, Texas




  • Bhamala Buddha Parinirvana which is 1,800 years old, oldest in the world.[4]





Sri Lanka:



United States


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Discourse on The Great Parinirvana" (PDF). p. 140. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
  2. ^ "Guide to the Wild East of Cambodia – what to do and where to go in the Green Triangle".
  3. ^ a b c d e f Ma Thanegi (February 2014). "Chaukhtutgyi Reclining Buddha Image" (PDF). My Magical Myanmar. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Footprints: No sleep lost over broken Buddha".

External links[edit]

Media related to Statues of the Buddha reclining at Wikimedia Commons