Recognition of same-sex unions in Andorra

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Legal status of same-sex unions
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Andorra has established two registration schemes for same-sex couples: stable unions on 23 March 2005 and civil unions on 25 December 2014.

Stable union[edit]

Laws regarding same-sex partnerships in Europe
  Marriage¹
  Foreign marriages recognized¹
  Other type of partnership¹
  Unregistered cohabitation¹
  Unrecognized
  Constitution limits marriage to opposite-sex couples

¹ May include recent laws or court decisions which have created legal recognition of same-sex relationships, but which have not entered into effect yet.

In March 2005, the Principality of Andorra legalised "stable unions".[1]

This new law took effect following promulgation by Co-Prince Jacques Chirac. Co-Prince Joan Enric, the current Bishop of Urgell, did not sign the law. Although the co-princes are both Chiefs of State for Andorra, only a single signature is required to sanction and promulgate new laws, and to order their publication in the Principality of Andorra.

The relationship is called "unió estable de parella" (stable union of a couple) in Catalan.

Eligibility[edit]

Partners seeking to enter a stable union must not be related in direct line by consanguinity or adoption, or in the collateral line by consanguinity to the fourth degree. Both partners must be adults or emancipated minors, must not be already married or in an existing stable union, must live as a couple and at least one partner must be a resident of Andorra or an Andorran national.

Process of registration[edit]

The couple must submit an application accompanied by the following documents: A sworn declaration of cohabitation, a copy of the current passport or identity document of both partners, a certificate of residency for each partner (Andorran nationals are exempt from this requirement), a private pact signed by both partners setting out property and personal relations arising from the relationship and the rights and obligations of the relationship and a sworn statement by two witnesses confirming the permanent nature of the cohabitation.[2]

The stable union is registered six months after the declaration and is then entered into the Register of Stable Unions.

Rights and responsibilities[edit]

A couple in a stable union have legal rights and responsibilities including the obligation to support one another, the right to compensation and maintenance in the event of a breakup and the same rights as spouses for the purposes of social security and employment law. The stable union law also recognises the right to adopt a child, subject to the same rules as a married couple, but only for heterosexual couples.[3]

Dissolution[edit]

A stable union ends by the marriage of either party, the death of either party, a unilateral declaration by formal written notification notified to the other party or a mutual declaration.

Civil unions[edit]

On 2 June 2014, following an earlier announcement,[4] the ruling Democrats for Andorra party introduced a bill to establish civil unions.[5] Civil unions would be equal to marriage in everything but name as the word "marriage" was one of the biggest causes of the Democrats for Andorra voting no on the failed same-sex marriage law (see below). The bill would also give same-sex couples joint adoption rights.[6][7] After months of consultation, the bill passed the Parliament on a vote of 20 to 3 with several abstentions on 27 November 2014.

On 24 December 2014, the bill was published in the official journal, following promulgation by Co-Prince François Hollande as the signature of one of the two co-princes was needed. It took effect on 25 December 2014.[8][9]

Andorran LGBT rights groups denounced the law as discriminatory and full of legal deficiencies, and have proposed legal action to obtain the right to marry.[10]

Same-sex marriage[edit]

On 21 April 2009, Jaume Bartumeu, leader of the Social Democratic Party, announced that the party would open up a debate on same-sex marriage in Andorra if it won the 2009 elections. The Social Democrats won the election and Bartumeu became Head of Government, but no subsequent action was taken to legalise same-sex marriage,[11][12][13] and the Social Democratic Party was defeated by the Democrats for Andorra in elections in 2011.

In January 2013, the Andorran Superior Court of Justice granted Social Security survivor's benefits to Juan García Pérez, who had married his late husband in Spain, but had never applied for domestic partnership status in Andorra.[14]

On 31 March 2014, the Social Democratic Party introduced a bill to legalize same-sex marriage.[15][16][17] On 29 May 2014, the bill was rejected by the Parliament.[18][19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Catalan) Llei 4/2005, del 21 de febrer, qualificada de les unions estables de parella
  2. ^ (in Catalan) Expedient previ al registre d'unions estables de parella
  3. ^ (in Catalan) Llei 29/1996, Llei qualificada de l'adopció i de les altres formes de protecció del menor desemparat Archived 2014-02-02 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ (in Catalan) DA regularà les adopcions per part de parelles homosexuals
  5. ^ (in Catalan) Proposició de llei qualificada de les unions civils i de modificació de la Llei qualificada del matrimoni de 30 de juny de 1995 i de la Llei 14/2004, de 3 de novembre, qualificada de modificació de la Llei qualificada de matrimoni
  6. ^ (in Catalan) Adopció igual per a tots
  7. ^ (in Catalan) Enllestida la llei d’unions civils amb el procés d’adopció dels matrimonis
  8. ^ (in Catalan) Llei 34/2014, del 27 de novembre, qualificada de les unions civils i de modificació de la Llei qualificada del matrimoni, de 30 de juny de 1995
  9. ^ (in Catalan) Demà entren en vigor lleis importants, com la d'unions civils o la 'regla d´or'
  10. ^ (in Spanish) Andorra rechaza llamar “matrimonio” a las uniones de parejas del mismo sexo
  11. ^ (in Catalan) El PS no descarta el matrimoni gai, tot i no ser una prioritat
  12. ^ (in Spanish) Andorra habla sobre matrimonio homosexual
  13. ^ (in Spanish) El matrimonio gay en Andorra no será tabú, según el Partido Socialdemócrata
  14. ^ Andorra’s Supreme Court Advances Marriage Recognition
  15. ^ (in Catalan) El PS presenta una proposició de llei per permetre el matrimoni gai
  16. ^ (in Catalan) El PS entra una proposició de llei per regular el matrimoni homosexual
  17. ^ (in Catalan) Proposició de llei qualificada de modificació de la Llei qualificada del matrimoni de 30 de juny de 1995 i de la Llei 14/2004, de 3 de novembre, qualificada de modificació de la Llei qualificada del matrimoni
  18. ^ (in Catalan) DA diu NO al matrimoni gai Archived 2014-05-31 at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ (in Catalan) DA rebutja el text del PS sobre el matrimoni gai i en fa un d’alternatiu