Recognition of same-sex unions in Africa

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Same-sex sexual activity legal
  Same-sex marriage
  No recognition of same-sex couples
Same-sex sexual activity illegal
  Not Enforced or unclear
  Penalty
  Life in prison
  Death penalty
Legal status of same-sex unions
Marriage
Performed
Recognized
  1. Performed in 14 states and Mexico City, and recognized by all states in such cases
  2. Performed in the Netherlands proper, and possibly[citation needed] recognized by Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten in such cases.
  3. Neither performed nor recognized in Niue, Tokelau or the Cook Islands
  4. Neither performed nor recognized in Northern Ireland, the dependency of Sark or in 5 of the 14 British Overseas Territories (Anguilla, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Montserrat, and the Turks and Caicos Islands)
  5. Neither performed nor recognized in American Samoa or some tribal jurisdictions
  6. Theoretical: no actual cases known
  7. Limited to residency rights for foreign spouses of citizens (EU) or of legal residents (China)
  8. Registration open in all counties except Hualien, Penghu, Taitung and Yunlin

* Not yet in effect, but automatic deadline set by judicial body for same-sex marriage to become legal

LGBT portal

Debate has occurred throughout Africa over proposals to legalize same-sex marriage as well as civil unions.

Currently, South Africa is the only African country that legally recognizes same-sex marriage.[1]

Current situation[edit]

National level[edit]

Status Country Legal since Country population
(Last Census count)
Marriage
(1 country)
South Africa South Africa 2006 54,956,900
Subtotal 54,956,900
(4.5% of the African population)
No recognition
(45 countries)
* same-sex sexual activity illegal
Algeria Algeria * 40,400,000
Angola Angola 25,789,024
Benin Benin 10,872,298
Botswana Botswana * 2,250,260
Cameroon Cameroon * 23,439,189
Cape Verde Cape Verde 539,560
Central African Republic Central African Republic 4,594,621
Chad Chad * 13,670,084
Comoros Comoros * 795,601
Djibouti Djibouti 942,333
Egypt Egypt * 96,474,100
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea 1,221,490
Eritrea Eritrea * 4,954,645
Ethiopia Ethiopia * 102,403,196
Gabon Gabon 1,979,786
The Gambia Gambia * 2,051,363
Ghana Ghana * 27,043,093
Guinea Guinea * 12,395,924
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau 1,815,698
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast 23,740,424
Lesotho Lesotho 2,203,821
Liberia Liberia * 4,503,000
Libya Libya * 6,293,253
Madagascar Madagascar 24,894,551
Malawi Malawi * 18,091,575
Mali Mali 14,517,176
Mauritania Mauritania * 4,301,018
Mauritius Mauritius * 1,262,132
Morocco Morocco * 33,848,242
Mozambique Mozambique 28,829,476
Namibia Namibia * 2,113,077
Niger Niger 20,672,987
Nigeria Nigeria * 185,989,640
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo 5,125,821
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe 199,910
Senegal Senegal * 15,411,614
Seychelles Seychelles 94,228
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone * 7,075,641
Somalia Somalia * 14,317,996
South Sudan South Sudan * 12,230,730
Eswatini Swaziland * 1,343,098
Tanzania Tanzania * 55,572,201
Togo Togo * 7,965,055
Tunisia Tunisia * 11,304,482
Zambia Zambia * 16,591,390
Subtotal 892,132,983
(73.2% of the African population)
Constitutional ban on marriage
( 8 countries)
* same-sex sexual activity illegal
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 20,107,509
Burundi Burundi * 10,524,117
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 78,736,153
Kenya Kenya * 49,125,325
Rwanda Rwanda 11,262,564
Sudan Sudan * 39,578,828
Uganda Uganda * 41,487,965
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe * 16,150,362
Subtotal 266,972,823
(21.9% of the African population)
Total 1,214,062,706
(99.6% of the African population)

Partially-recognized and unrecognized states[edit]

Status Country Since State population
(Last estimate count)
No recognition
(2 state)
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 100,000
Somaliland Somaliland * 3,508,180
Subtotal 3,608,180
(0.3% of the African population)
Total 3,608,180
(0.3% of the African population)

Sub-national level[edit]

Status Country Jurisdiction Legal since Jurisdiction population
(Last Census count)
Marriage
(9 jurisdictions)
France France French Southern and Antarctic Lands French Southern and Antarctic Lands 2013
Mayotte Mayotte 2013 256,518
Réunion Réunion 2013 865,826
Portugal Portugal Madeira Madeira 2010 289,000
Spain Spain Canary Islands Canary Islands 2005 2,101,924
Ceuta Ceuta 2005 82,376
Melilla Melilla 2005 78,476
United Kingdom United Kingdom British Indian Ocean Territory British Indian Ocean Territory 2014 2,500
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 2017 5,633
Subtotal 3,682,253
(0.3% of the African population)
Total 3,682,253
(0.3% of the African population)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Same-Sex Unions to Become Legal in South Africa". New York Times. Retrieved February 5, 2018.