In December 2005, Latvia decided to constitutionally ban same-sex marriage.
On 23 September 1999 the Latvian National Human Rights Office presented a registered partnership bill to the Saeima. On 28 September 1999 the proposal was sent to the Human Rights and Public Affairs Commission of the Saeima for discussion. On 30 November 1999 the commission rejected the bill.
In January, 2012, the Ombudsman's Office (the renamed National Human Rights Office since 2007) recommended to the Parliament to not introduce same-sex registered partnerships.
However, after Baltic Pride in June 2012, it was revealed that the Ministry of Justice was considering whether to recognise same-sex partnerships, either through unregistered cohabitation or registered partnership. Defence Minister Artis Pabriks indicated his support for registered partnerships.Mozaika, Latvia's largest gay rights organisation, predicted that it would take approximately five years to obtain enough political support to pass the bill.
In November 2014 while commenting on the declaration by the Minister for Foreign Affairs Edgars Rinkēvičs that he is gay and on his call for recognition of same-sex relationships, the Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma reaffirmed her support for the constitutional prohibition on same-sex marriage. She also admitted that "Latvian law has not yet resolved the question of partner-relationships", explaining that non-recognition of unmarried couples affects many in Latvia regardless of sexual orientation and that protection of such families needed to be discussed by both the community and the Saeima.
On 30 January 2015, Veiko Spolītis a Member of Parliament for Straujuma's Unity party submitted a bill to modify the Civil Code to provide for Partnerships. The proposed law would allow "any two persons" to register their partnership and have almost the same rights and obligations as married couples. The proposal was rejected by the Legal Affairs Committee on 24 February 2015.
On 23rd of March, 2015 For Latvia's development chairperson Juris Pūce launched a signature collection campaign on ManaBalss.lv for the adoption of a Cohabitation Law in Latvia. The draft bill states that registration of couples’ cohabitation intentions would secure equal rights to all members of society regardless of gender.