Recognition of same-sex unions in Liechtenstein

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Legal status of same-sex unions
Marriage
Performed
Recognized
  1. Marriages performed in some municipalities and recognized by the state
  2. For some purposes only
  3. When performed in Mexican states that have legalized same-sex marriage
  4. When performed in the Netherlands proper

* Not yet in effect

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Laws regarding same-sex partnerships in Europe
  Marriage
  Foreign marriages recognized
  Other type of partnership
  Unregistered cohabitation
  Unrecognized
  Constitution limits marriage to opposite-sex couples

Includes laws that have not yet gone into effect.

Liechtenstein has recognized registered partnerships since 1 September 2011.

History[edit]

Legislative process[edit]

On 19 November 2001, MP Paul Vogt (Free List) submitted a registered partnership initiative to the Landtag, which after long discussion referred it to the Government for its opinion. The goal of reducing discrimination was undisputed; rather the kind of recognition and the timing compared to neighbouring countries were cause for discussion. On 15 April 2003, the Government published its position on the matter; it compared the legal situation in Liechtenstein with European countries with recognition of same-sex couples (e.g. Germany had recently introduced registered partnerships), but also with neighbouring Austria and Switzerland, which had no legal recognition of same-sex couples at the time. As the Government saw no urgent need and preferred to await developments in Austria and especially Switzerland, it recommended rejection.[1] On 14 May 2003, the Landtag discussed and rejected the initiative.

On 1 January 2007, registered partnerships in Switzerland took effect following approval by referendum on 5 June 2005.

On 17 September 2007, Amnesty International Liechtenstein submitted a petition calling for the legal recognition of same-sex couples. A subsequent motion put forward in the Landtag by the Free List party requesting that the Government introduce a registered partnership law similar to Switzerland's passed on 24 October 2007 with 19 representatives voting in favour and 6 voting against.[2][3]

24 October 2007 vote in the Landtag of Liechtenstein[4]
Political Affiliation Voted for Voted Against
Progressive Citizens' Party (FBP)  G a
Patriotic Union (VU)  G a
Free List (FL)      -
Total 19 6
a. Part of the FBP-VU Coalition under Prime Minister Otmar Hasler.

In December 2009, Minister of Justice Aurelia Frick announced that she would present the draft of the registered partnership bill in January 2010.[5][6] The draft was presented in April 2010.[7][8][9] After the consultation period for the bill finished on 16 July, a few items were amended as a result of the discussion.

The registered partnership bill (Lebenspartnerschaftsgesetz) has been described as very similar to the Austrian law passed in Autumn 2009.[10] In August 2010, the Prince regent, Alois declared his support for the bill.[11] On 23 November 2010, the Government formulated the final version of the bill,[12][13] which was approved by Parliament in the first reading on 16 December 2010.[14] It was passed in the second reading on 16 March 2011 and published on 21 March that same year.[15][16]

16 March 2011 vote in the Landtag of Liechtenstein on the motion moved by VU MP Diana Hilti [17][18]
Political Affiliation Voted for Voted Against Absent/Not Present (Did Not Vote)
Patriotic Union (VU)  G a
Progressive Citizens' Party (FBP)  G a
Free List (FL)      - -
Total 14 7 4
a. Part of the VU-FBP Coalition under Prime Minister Klaus Tschütscher.
b. Served as a substitute deputy for Günther Kranz in the afternoon session.
16 March 2011 vote in the Landtag of Liechtenstein on the Partnership Act (as a whole) [19][20]
Political Affiliation Voted for Absent/Not Present (Did Not Vote)
Patriotic Union (VU)  G a
Progressive Citizens' Party (FBP)  G a
Free List (FL)      -
Total 21 4
a. Part of the VU-FBP Coalition under Prime Minister Klaus Tschütscher.
b. Served as a substitute deputy for Günther Kranz in the afternoon session.

Referendum[edit]

A group called Vox Populi (Voice of the People) announced its intention to force a referendum on the matter.[21][22] According to the Constitution, the organization had until 21 April[23] (30 days) to collect at least 1000 signatures.[24] As the necessary signatures were gathered (1208 valid signatures), a referendum was held between 17 and 19 June 2011.[25][26] The registered partnership law was approved by 68.8 percent of those who voted and thus went into effect on 1 September 2011.[27]

Family name[edit]

In 2016, the Government of Liechtenstein reformed family name law. Registered partners are now allowed to have a common family name; however, it is simply called "name" as opposed to "family name" for married couples, thus keeping a distinction. The reform was discussed in the Landtag on 4 March 2016 in its first reading, and was approved in its second and final reading on 31 August 2016.[28][29][30][31] It was published in the official gazette on 3 November 2016 and took effect on 1 January 2017.[32]

31 August 2016 vote in the Landtag of Liechtenstein on the motion moved by FBP MP Christine Wohlwend[33][34]
Political Affiliation Voted for Voted Against
Progressive Citizens' Party (FBP)  G a -
Patriotic Union (VU)  G a
The Independents (DU)      -
Free List (FL)      -
Total 24 1
a. Part of the FBP-VU Coalition under Prime Minister Adrian Hasler.
b. Served as a substitute deputy for Christoph Beck.
c. Served as a substitute deputy for Erich Hasler.
d. Served as a substitute deputy for Wolfgang Marxer.
31 August 2016 vote in the Landtag of Liechtenstein on the Act amending the Partnership Act[35][36]
Political Affiliation Voted for
Progressive Citizens' Party (FBP)  G a
Patriotic Union (VU)  G a
The Independents (DU)     
Free List (FL)     
Total 25
a. Part of the FBP-VU Coalition under Prime Minister Adrian Hasler.
b. Served as a substitute deputy for Christoph Beck.
c. Served as a substitute deputy for Erich Hasler.
d. Served as a substitute deputy for Wolfgang Marxer.

Statistics[edit]

Eleven registered partnerships were performed in the first two years, following the entry into force of the law.[37] This made up 2.7% of all unions celebrated in those two years. 8 partnerships were between male couples and 3 were between female couples.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stellungnahme der Regierung an den Landtag des Fürstentums Liechtenstein zur formulierten Initiative vom 19. November 2001 über die registrierte Partnerschaft und zur Abänderung des Ehegesetzes". Government of Liechtenstein. 15 April 2003. 
  2. ^ "Marriage and partnership rights for same-sex partners: country-by-country". Archived from the original on 2008-04-20. 
  3. ^ (German) Motion
  4. ^ "Motion Betreffend Eingetragene Partnerschaft Gleichgeschlechtlicher Paare Der Abgeordneten Paul Vogt, Pepo Frick Und Andrea Matt Vom (25. SEPTEMBER 2007)" (in German). Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  5. ^ (German) Liechtensteiner Parlament soll im Sommer über Homo-Ehe debattieren
  6. ^ (German) Liechtenstein: Homo-Ehe kommt nächstes Jahr
  7. ^ (German) Vernehmlassungsbericht der Regierung betreffend die Schaffung eines Gesetzes über die eingetragene Lebenspartnerschaft gleichgeschlechtlicher Paare (LEBENSPARTNERSCHAFTSGESETZ; LPARTG) sowie die Abänderung weiterer Gesetze
  8. ^ (German) Liechtenstein macht den Weg frei für homosexuelle Partnerschaften
  9. ^ (German) Liechtenstein will Homo-Ehe erlauben
  10. ^ (German) In Liechtenstein endete am Freitag die Beratungsfrist für eine Einführung der Eingetragenen Lebenspartnerachaft
  11. ^ (German) Erbprinz für eingetragene Partnerschaft
  12. ^ (German) Partnerschaftsgesetz verabschiedet
  13. ^ (German) Partnerschaftsgesetz verabschiedet
  14. ^ (German) Homo-Partnerschaft kommt voran
  15. ^ (German) Ja zur eingetragenen Partnerschaft
  16. ^ (German) Landtag einhellig für Partnerschaftsgesetz
  17. ^ "Traktandum 19: Schaffung eines Gesetzes über die eingetragene Partnerschaft gleichgeschlechtlicher - Paare sowie die Abänderung weiterer Gesetze (Abstimmung zum Antrag der Abg. Diana Hilti zum Inkrafttreten (1.9.2011)) (16.03.2011 / 19:55:13)" (in German). Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "Landtagsprotokoll vom 16. März 2011 - Startseite" (in German). Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "Traktandum 19: Schaffung eines Gesetzes über die eingetragene Partnerschaft gleichgeschlechtlicher Paare sowie die Abänderung weiterer Gesetze - Schlussabstimmung zum Partnerschaftsgesetz (16.03.2011 / 19:55:52)" (in German). Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "Landtagsprotokoll vom 16. März 2011 - Startseite" (in German). Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  21. ^ (German) VOX POPULI
  22. ^ (German) Partnerschaftsgesetz: Doch noch Widerstand
  23. ^ (German) Liebe ist ein Menschenrecht
  24. ^ Constitution of the Principality of Liechtenstein
  25. ^ (German) Partnerschaftsgesetz: Volk entscheidet Mitte Juni
  26. ^ (German) Liechtensteiner stimmen im Juni über Homo- Ehe ab
  27. ^ "68,8 % Ja-Stimmen für Partnerschaftsgesetz". Liechtensteiner Volksblatt (in German). 19 June 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2011. 
  28. ^ "Ist der «Familienname» heutzutage überholt?". Volksblatt. 4 March 2016. 
  29. ^ "Kein «Familienname» für eingetragene Paare". Volksblatt. 10 July 2016. 
  30. ^ "Namensrechtsreform bereit für zweite Landtagslesung". Volksblatt. 6 July 2016. 
  31. ^ "Reform des Namensrechts eingetragener Partner (Nr. 14/2016) [1. Lesung: 4. März 2016] - Stellungnahme der Regierung (Nr. 80/2016); 2. Lesung" (in German). Landtag of Liechtenstein. Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  32. ^ Gesetz vom 31. August 2016 über die Abänderung des Partnerschaftsgesetzes
  33. ^ "Traktandum 16: Reform des Namensrechts eingetragener Partner; 2. Lesung- Abstimmung zum Antrag der Abg. Christine Wohlwend auf Gesetzesaufruf (31.08.2016 / 17:53:27)" (in German). Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  34. ^ "Landtagsprotokoll vom 31. August 2016 - Startseite" (in German). Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  35. ^ "Traktandum 16: Reform des Namensrechts eingetragener Partner; 2. Lesung - Schlussabstimmung zum Gesetz über die Abänderung des Partnerschaftsgesetzes (31.08.2016 / 17:54:12)" (in German). Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  36. ^ "Landtagsprotokoll vom 31. August 2016 - Startseite" (in German). Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  37. ^ (German) Elf eingetragene Partnerschaften in Vaduz geschlossen

External links[edit]