Recognition of same-sex unions in Lithuania

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Legal status of same-sex unions
  1. Marriages performed in some municipalities and recognized by the state
  2. For some purposes, from all jurisdictions where same-sex marriage is legal
  3. When performed in Mexican states that have legalized same-sex marriage
  4. When performed in the Netherlands proper
  5. Registration schemes opened in all jurisdictions except Hualien County, Penghu County, Taitung County, and Yunlin County

* Not yet in effect

LGBT portal
Laws regarding same-sex partnerships in Europe
  Foreign marriages recognized
  Other type of partnership
  Unregistered cohabitation
  Constitution limits marriage to opposite-sex couples

Same-sex marriages are not legal in Lithuania, with the Civil Code defining marriage as a voluntary agreement between a man and a woman. Moreover, there is an additional article in the Civil Code that explicitly bans same-sex marriages. Nevertheless, a drive to amend the constitution to ban same-sex marriages was reportedly under way in December 2005 by a conservative member of the parliament, who has begun to start collecting signatures for such amendment. Julius Sabatauskas, chairman of the parliament's Legal Committee, however, denounced the plan and said it was unneeded. Some MPs say Lithuania's constitution already bans same-sex marriage. The constitution reads "Marriage shall be concluded upon the free mutual consent of man and woman." The actual effect of this statement is unknown and it has yet to be challenged in court.

On 25 March 2015, 9 members of the parliament from the Social Democratic Party and the Liberal Movement introduced the partnership bill.[1][2] Prime Minister and the leader of the Social Democratic Party Algirdas Butkevičius expressed his opposition to the bill.[3] On 6 May 2015, the Committee on Legal Affairs announced that they could find no constitutional barriers to same sex civil partnerships in the Baltic State.[4] The bill was not voted and died at the end of the parliament's term in November 2016. Similar bill was introduced by deputies from Liberal Movement on 30 May 2017.[5] The bill was rejected in the first reading in a 29-59 vote, with 20 abstentions on 15 June 2017.[6][7] Another proposal from the Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union and the Homeland Union to establish 'cohabitation agreements' as an alternative to a civil partnership law to include cohabitation explicitly stipulates that two or more cohabitants entering agreement do not intend to create family relations. The proposed legislation could also entail the hospital visitation rights and the right to inheritance of late cohabitant’s property if such cohabitation agreement would be certified by the notary. The proposal was approved by the Seimas with 46 votes for, 17 votes against with 6 abstentions on 31 May 2017.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 9 MPs register bill on same-sex partnership
  2. ^ Civilinio kodekso 3.1, 3.3, 3.16, 3.140, 3.150, 3.194, 3.229, 3.230, 3.231, 3.234, 3.235 straipsnių ir III knygos III dalies ir VI skyriaus pavadinimų pakeitimo, Kodekso papildymo 3.230(1) ir 3.230(2) straipsniais, bei 3.232 ir 3.233 straipsnių pripažinimo netekusiais galios
  3. ^ PM against legalisation of same-sex partnerships
  4. ^ Lithuanian parliament committee: ‘constitution no barrier to gay civil partnerships’
  5. ^ Civilinio kodekso 2.18, 2.19, 3.3, 3.16, 3.140, 3.141, 3.143, 3.146, 3.147, 3.150, 3.155 straipsnių, Kodekso Trečiosios knygos VI dalies XV skyriaus ir 5.13, 6.588, 6.590, 6.744 straipsnių pakeitimo įstatymo projektas
  6. ^ (in Lithuanian) Seime žlugo bandymas įteisinti vyro ir moters bei homoseksualų partnerystę
  7. ^ Lithuania tries, but fails to recognize same-sex couples
  8. ^