List of recorded datu in the Philippines

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The datu have ruled over portions of the islands that are now the Philippines before Spanish colonization in the 16th century. This article lists the pre-colonial leaders of individual kingdoms and polities in Philippine history.

Huangdom of Ma-i State[edit]

Name Image Title held From Until
Gat Sa Li-han Chinese General in Philippines.jpg "王" Huang (King) according to Chinese records 1225? ?

Huangdom of Pangasinan

Ruler Events From Until
Kamayin Tribute of silver and horses to China 1406 1408
Taymey Embassy to China formally established 1408 1409
Liyu 1409 ?
Chinese Emperor holds a banquet in honor Pangasinan December 11, 1411
Warrior-Princess Udaya The Huangdom enjoys prosperity 16th century
Chinese Warlord Limahong Pangasinan is sacked and a pirate-enclave is established 1575
Conquistador Juan de Salcedo Pirates were repulsed and Pangasinan is incorporated into the Spanish Empire 1575–1576

Tondo Dynasty[edit]

Name Image Title held From Until
Unknown, represented by Hwan Nāyaka Jayadewa of Pailah in the LCI Naturales 3.png Senapati (analogous to "admiral") 900? ?
Timamanukum Lakan Timamanukum 1150? ?
Alon Naturales 4.png Lakan Alon 1200? ?
Gambang Lakan Gambang 1390? 1417?
Suko Lakan Suko 1417? 1430?
Lontok Rajah Lontok 1430? 1450?
Kalangitan Dayang Kaylangitan, Queen of Namayan and Tondo 1450? 1515?
Salalila Rajah Salalila or Rajah Sulayman I 1515? 1558?
Matanda Naturales 5.png Rajah Matanda or Rajah Sulayman II or Rajah Ache, King of Namayan 1558? 1571
Lakan Dula Banaw Lakandula, King of Tondo and Sabag 1558? 1571
Sulayman Rajah Sulayman III, King of Tondo 1571 1585
Magat Salamat 1575 1587
Pre-hispanic History of the Philippines
Boxer codex.jpg
Barangay government
Ten datus of Borneo
States in Luzon
Caboloan (Pangasinan)
Ma-i
Kingdom of Maynila
Namayan
Kingdom of Tondo
States in the Visayas
Kedatuan of Madja-as
Kedatuan of Dapitan
Rajahnate of Cebu
States in Mindanao
Rajahnate of Butuan
Sultanate of Sulu
Sultanate of Maguindanao
Sultanate of Lanao
Key figures
Sulaiman II · Lakan Dula · Sulaiman III · Katuna
Tarik Sulayman · Tupas · Kabungsuwan · Kudarat
Humabon · Lapu-Lapu · Alimuddin I · Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram
History of the Philippines
Portal: Philippines

The Datus of Madja-as[edit]

Commander-In-Chief Image Jurisdiction From Until
Datu Puti Antique and Aklan 13th century 1212
Datu Sumakwel Antique 12 century-Borneo 13 century
Datu Bangkaya Aklan ? ?
Datu Paiburong Irong-Irong ? ?
Datu Balengsukla Aklan ? ?
Datu Kalantiaw Batan 1365 1437
Datu Manduyog Manyaok 1437- ?
Datu Padojinog Iloilo ? ?
Datu Kabnayag Kalibo ? 1565
Datu Lubay San Joaquín ? ?

Rulers of the Maynila[edit]

Name From Until
Sultan Bolkiah 1500 ?

Monarchs of the Butuan Kingdom[edit]

The Royal Title of the Reigning Rajah Image Events From Until
Rajah Kiling The Embassy of I-shu-han (李竾罕) 989 1009
Sri Bata Shaja Mission by Likanhsieh (李于燮) 1011 ?
Rajah Siagu Annexation by Ferdinand Magellan ? 1521

Raja's of Cebu[edit]

The Royal Title of the Reigning Rajah Image Events From Until
Sri Lumay ?
Rajah Humabon Annexation by Ferdinand Magellan ?
Rajah Tupas Spanish Period

Sultans of Maguindanao[edit]

Reign Sultan Other name(s)
1520–1543 Shariff Kabungsuwan A Johore (Singapore) Makdum Prince who fled to Malabang Lanao and seated as Sharif Kabungsuwan. Married the daughter of Chieftain Aliwya of the Maguindanao family clan at Dulawan, Cotabato. Took over the father inlaw's political powers establishing the Sultanate of Maguindanao later called by the Spanish as Mindanao. He is the second Makdum known as Karim Ul-Makdum who reinforced Islam and His brother Sulu Sultan Shariful Hashim promulgated Kor'anic studies or Madrassahs.

The said Sharif is buried at Simunul Island Tamppat.

1543–1574 Sultan Maka-alang Saripada
1574–1578 Sultan Bangkaya
1578–1585 Sultan Dimasangcay Adel
1585–1597 Sultan Gugu Sarikula Datu Salikala
1597–1619 Sultan Laut Buisan Datu Katchil
1619–1671? Sultan Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat Datu Qudratullah Katchil
1671?–1678? Sultan Dundang Tidulay Sultan Saif ud-Din (Saifud Din)
1678?–1699 Sultan Barahaman Sultan Muhammad Shah Minulu-sa-Rahmatullah
1699–1702 Sultan Kahar ud-Din Kuda Maulana Amir ul-Umara Jamal ul-Azam
1702–1736 Sultan Bayan ul-Anwar { Maruhom Batua } Dipatuan Jalal ud-Din
Mupat Batua (posthumously)
1710–1736
(in Tamontaka)
Sultan Amir ud-Din Paduka Sri Sultan Muhammad Jafar Sadiq Manamir
Shahid Mupat (posthumously)
1736–1748
(in Sibugay, Buayan, Malabang)
Sultan Muhammad Tahir ud-Din Dipatuan Malinug
Muhammad Shah Amir ud-Din
1733–1755
(paramount chief of Maguindanao by 1748)
Sultan Rajah Muda Muhammad Khair ud-Din Pakir Maulana Kamsa
Amir ud-Din Itamza
Azim ud-Din Amir ul-M'umimin
1755–1780? Sultan Pahar ud-Din Datu Panglu/Pongloc
Mupat Hidayat (posthumously)
1780?–1805? Sultan Kibad Sahriyal Muhammad Azim ud-Din Amir ul-Umara
1805?–1830? Sultan Kawasa Anwar ud-Din Muhammad Amir ul-Umara Iskandar Jukarnain
1830–1854 Sultan Qudratullah Untung Iskandar Qudratullah Muhammad Jamal ul-Azam
Iskandar Qudarat Pahar ud-Din. Properly place, his name was Ullah Untong and seated as Sultan Ashrf Samalan Farid Quadratullah or better known as Sultan Qudarat. www.royalsultanate.weebly.com
1854–1884 Sultan Muhammad Makakwa
1884–1888 Sultan Wata Sultan Muhammad Jalal ud-Din Pablu
1888–1896 No sultan
Sultan Anwar ud-Din contested Datu Mamaku (son of Sultan Qudratullah Untung) of Buayan for the throne versus the then sultan Datu Mangigin of Sibugay.
1896–1898 Sultan Taha Colo Sultan Rabago sa Tiguma
1908–1933 Sultan Mastura Kudarat Sultan Muhammad Hijaban Iskandar Mastura Kudarat, Sultan Mastura

The Sultans of Sulu (1405–present)[edit]

Sultans Image From Until
Sharif ul-Hashim of Sulu 18th Century Flag of Sulu.svg 1480 1505
Sultan Kamalud-Din 18th Century Flag of Sulu.svg 1505 1527
Sultan Amirul-Umara Late 19th Century Flag of Sulu.svg 1893 1899
Jamal ul-Kiram I War Flag of Sulu Sultanate.svg 1893 1899
Mahakuttah Kiram Suluflag.jpg 1974 1986
Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram Suluflag.jpg 1986

Datus in the Maragtas epic[edit]

  • Datu Kalantiaw III /Rajah Bendahara Kalantiaw, according to the local oral tradition of Panay, is said to have enacted a body of laws, which is now called the Code of Kalantiaw in 1433.
  • Datu Puti – One of the 10 Bornean Datus to arrive in Iloilo before the Spanish colonization.
  • Datu Sumakwel – Leader of the 10 Bornean Datus. He settled in Antique.
  • Datu Bangkaya
  • Datu Paiburong
  • Datu Marikudo – the Ati (Aeta) Datu of Panay, from whom the 10 Bornean Datus purchased the lowlands of the Island, in exchange for a golden Salakot (Bulawan nga Saduk), and a long pearl necklace that could touch the ground (Manangyad).

Datus during the Spanish colonization[edit]

  • Rajah Colambu – King of Limasawa in 1521, brother of Rajah Siagu of Butuan. He befriended Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan and guided him to Cebu on April 7, 1521.
  • Rajah Humabon – King of Cebu who became an ally of Ferdinand Magellan and the Spaniards. Rival of Datu Lapu-Lapu. In 1521, he and his wife were baptized as Christians and given Christian names Carlos and Juana after the Spanish royalty, King Carlos and Queen Juana.
  • Sultan KudaratSultan of Maguindanao.
  • Lakan Dula or Lakandula – King of Tondo, one of the last princes of Manila.
  • Datu Lapu-Lapu – King of Mactan Island. He defeated the Spaniards on April 27, 1521.
  • Datu Sikatuna – King of Bohol in 1565. He made a blood compact with Spanish explorer, Miguel López de Legazpi.
  • Datu Pagbuaya – King of Bohol. He governed with his brother Datu Dailisan, a settlement along the shorelines between Mansasa, Tagbilaran and Dauis, which was abandoned years before the Spanish colonization due to Portuguese and Ternatean attacks. He founded Dapitan in the northern shore of Mindanao.
  • Datu Dailisan – King of Mansasa, Tagbilaran and Dauis and governed their kingdom along with his brother Datu Pagbuaya. His death during one of the Portuguese raids caused the abandonment of the settlement.
  • Datu Manooc – Christian name – Pedro Manuel Manooc, son of Datu Pagbuaya who converted to Christianity, defeated the Higaonon tribe in Iligan, Mindanao. He established one of the first Christian settlements in the country.
  • Datu Macabulos – King of Pampanga in 1571.
  • Rajah Siagu – King of the Manobo in 1521.
  • Apo Noan – Chieftain of Mandani (present day Mandaue) in 1521.
  • Apo Macarere – Famous Chieftain of the Tagbanwa warrior tribe in Corong Island (Calis).
  • Rajah Sulaiman III – One of the last King of Manila, was defeated by Martín de Goiti, a Spanish soldier commissioned by López de Legazpi to Manila.
  • Rajah Tupas – King of Cebu, conquered by Miguel López de Legazpi.
  • Datu Urduja – Female Leader in Pangasinan.
  • Datu Zula – Chieftain of Mactan, Cebu. Rival of Lapu-lapu
  • Datu Kalun – Ruler of the Island of the Basilan and the Yakans in Mindanao, converted his line to Christianity
  • Datu Sanday – Ruler of Marawi City
  • Datu Saiden Borero – King of Antique
  • unnamed Datu – King of Taytay Palawan. Mentioned by Pigafetta, chronicler of Magellan. The king, together with his wife were kidnapped by the remnant troops from Magellan's fleet after fleeing Cebu to secure provisions for their crossing to the Moluccas.
  • Datu Cabaylo (Cabailo) – The last king of the Kingdom of Taytay

Present day Datus in Mindanao[edit]

1. Muslim Datus in Mindanao[edit]

In some indigenous Lumad and Muslim societies in Mindanao, titular Datus of ancient royal and noble families still exist. Some of them are active government officials of the Republic of the Philippines, while continuing their cultural and tribal roles as community leaders of their people. Some, although do not have official duties in the Republic, exercise some leadership roles in their tribes. Still others are claimants to these titles. Some of these present day Datus are:

2. Lumad Datus in Mindanao[edit]

A 1926 photograph of Bagobo (Manobo) warriors in full war regalia. The Bagobo tribe is one of the Lumad tribes in Mindanao.

Datu Julius Cayon

  • Datu Benhur – Lumad leader of the Banuaon tribe[13]
  • Datu Viloso Suhat, also known as Datu Lipatuan – a tribal leader from the Tinananon Menuvo tribe in Arakan, North Cotabato, and the first Lumad to sit in a local legislative body in central Mindanao.[14]
  • Datu Lamparan Lihao Danda – a Chief Tribal leader from Subanen tribe, and a second generation descendant of Timuay Danda Antanao the oborigin of Municipality of Kabasalan, Zamboanga Sibugay. Elected Mayor of Municipality of Kabasalan, Zamboanga Sibugay year 1961–1964. He is the President of United Subanen Community Association Inc.Zamboanga Sibugay/Zamboanga Del Norte/ Zamboanga Del Sur.
  • Datu Wata Eduardo Lihao Danda- a tribal leader in charge of the communication for the entire Subanen Tribe. He functioned under Datu Lamparan Lihao Danda, his elder brother.He is enlisted into World War II United States Army (USAFE) Attach in Med Det. 106INF. USA Army with rank of Corporal (CPL) and capture by Japanese in May 1942, jail in camp 78 Davao, escaped the same year re-joined 41st Division USA Army, after the Philippines liberation from Imperaial Japan Force, He integrated to Philippines Constabulary (PC). retired 1972. He is a Secretary General of United Subanen Community Association Inc.Zamboanga Sibugay/Zamboanga Del Norte/ Zamboanga Del Sur.
  • Datu Labi Jose Lihao Cayon – a Chief Tribal leader of the entire Subanen tribe, after the dead of Datu Lamparan Lihao Danda, who is another Lumad leader in Sibugay. He is the 1st cousin of Datu Lamparan Lihao Danda and Datu Wata Eduardo Lihao Danda.
  • Datu Labi Julius Mascarinas Cayon – board member of Zamboanga Sibugay Province And the Son of late Datu Labi JoseLihao Cayon, he is recognized as the Tribal Chieftain not just in Zamboanga Sibugay but entire Region 9 and partly in Region 10. "NCIP" - national commission on indigenous people, record section.
  • Datu Lumok Imbing – 2nd cousin of Datu Laparan Lihao Danda and a tribal leader from Subanen Tribe, who leads the aborigins of the Municipality of Lapuyan, Zamaboanga Del Sur Province.
  • Datu Wilborne Sanghanan Danda – a board member of Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Zamboanga Sinbugay (2000–2013), Elected Vice Mayor of Municipality of Kabasalan, Zamboanga Sibugay from year 2010–2013, He is the son of Datu Lamparan Lihao Danda.
  • Datu Langhap Dacanay – he is the 2nd generation of the royal blood stream and a 3rd degree relative of Datu Wilborn Sanghanan Danda
  • Bae Sonita Manda Ryde – the 1st highest women handle the position she was proclaimed by former President Gloria Arroyo and she is in the 2nd generation royal blood stream a relative of Datu Lamparan Lihao Danda, Datu Wata Eduardo Lihao Danda and Datu Labi Jose Lihao Cayon
  • Datu Wilfredo Lunsayan Sunggayan – 1st Indigenous Peoples representative in local legislative councils in the Province of Zamboanga Sibugay an none blood stream ordained appointed as Datu for Subanen political affair from the provincial down to the barangay level pursuant to RA 8371.

Other Present day Datus in Ancestral Domains under IPRA Law[edit]

  • Apo Dr. Pio Lledo – Tagbanwa Tribal Chieftain of Calauit Is. Ancestral Domain[15]
  • Apo Rodolfo Aguilar – Tagbanwa Paramount Tribal Chieftain of Coron Is. Ancestral Domain[16]


Present day Datus in Palawan[edit]

The Cuyonon tribe, despite being the largest ethno-linguistic group in the Cuyo-Paragua (now Palawan) archipelago, is the most friendly among the indigenous peoples of Palawan, resulting to their being easily converted to Catholicism. The disunity resulting from their submissiveness to Spain, prompted tribal leaders to reunite and re-install traditional datus in their present-day society.

The revived datu system of the tribe is governed by a council of datus who all hailed by bloodline from a common ancestor, the tribal king Datu Cabaylo (also spelled Cabailo) which was shown by baptismal records in the Church of Cuyo, Palawan to be renamed as Flores de los Santos Cabaylo which meant "Cabaylo, Flower of the Saints." He was the last datu from the ancient Kingdom of Taytay, Palawan which Antonio Pigafetta, Ferdinand Magellan's chronicler, once mentioned to be governed by a flamboyant king who was always followed by his ten scribes.

From the Royal House of Cabaylo, the ten punong datus who were appointed to compose the Council of Datus to govern the Cuyonon Tribe are:

Datu Higinio Clark Mendoza II Datu Andrei Ustares Acosta Datu Prospero Castro Datu Wilfredo Magdayao Datu Jim Pe Datu Felipe Acosta II Datu Robert Rover DATU Jaime Ustares Pe DATU Rey Paul R. Miguel DATU Alroben Goh DATU Franklin Joseph D. Solita DATU Arnold Cabiguin DATU EDUARDO MATILLANO DATU RUSTICO P.CACAL DATU ROLAND F. RODRIGUEZ DATU ANDREW PHILIP ESTEBAN DATU RICARDO R. TABANGAY DATU JOSELITO GABINETE DATU CARLOS R. FERNANDEZ DATU MICHAEL J. LATUBE DATU GEOFFREY R. DISTAL DATU DANIEL C. LATUBE DATU ALFREDO D. CACATIAN DATU ROQUE G. AURELLO DATU ROLANDO F. LAGROSA DATU HERNANDO V. LADICA DATU MIGUEL JOSE RODRIGUEZ DATU SATURNINO D. CANSINO DATU DIONES R. DISTAL, JR DATU ENRIQUITO P. LIBARRA DATU JAIME A. ALVAREZ DATU NARDO F. APGAO DATU GAUDENCIO VALDEZTAMON DATU QUIRINO H. JANORAS DATU PROSPERO D. CASTRO DATU BERNARDO G. MALANA DATU RICARDO D. RODRIGUEZ DATU CHARLITO ABRINA DATU CHARLIE E. HERRERA DATU JUANCHO U. PE DATU DAVID NEGOSA DATU ANTONIO J. SABANDO DATU RODOLFO P. ACOSTA DATU ASHILON JOYA DATU KRIS PHILIP ACOSTA DATU JUAN MARTINEZ DATU MELECIO ARQUE, JR DATU HENRY U. ACOSTA DATU JUANITO PIO LLEDO DATU RAMON DAGSA DATU JAVIER ESMADI DATU BOY SABANDO

However, another blood datu, Datu Dr. Fernando Macolor Cruz from the same royal house, who had gained international fame as president and founder of the International Stateless Persons Organisation and as Philippine delegate to the Norman Academy in Rome, had formally lain claim on the vacant throne of the ancient Kingdom of Taytay. Datu Pinadu as he is locally known, is also a proclaimed datu of the Tagbanua tribe and the Self-styled Royal House of Aranan of Sulu, too, and was also conferred a hereditary ducal title by the Royal House of Heristal.

SUBANEN DATU IN MISAMIS OCCIDENTAL AND MALINDANG MOUNTAIN RANGE – extending to the area of Zamboanga Del Norte and Zamboanga Del Sur

The Subanen Datu in Misamis Occidental was recognized by the Philippine Government in 1935, and it was Datu Gintaawan Tumagna as the over-all Chairman of the Subanen Tribe of Misamis Occidental and Mount Malindang, with his Assistant Chairman Datu Ending. Datu Gintaawan Tumagna was succeeded by his grandson Datu Orong Tumagna Paundog under his daughter Princess Pelajia Tumagna married to Datu Tranquilino Paundog, a son of a Bornean Datu Paundog.

Datu Orong Paundog was well-known and a well loved Datu and Timuay by the Subanen Tribe in the province of Misamis Occidental and Zamboanga Del Norte.During the Marcos regime, Datu Orong Paundog served as the Liaison General of the PANAMIN in the provinces of Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga Del Norte and Zamboanga Del Sur. Until his death in the year 2000 he was the Provincial Tribal Chieftain of Misamis Occidental of the Subanen Tribe. Datu Orong Paundog was succeeded by his son Datu Edelverios "Gimbiitan" Paundog, the founder of Pegsalabuk Subanen, where it had created the Pegsalabuk Subanen Global Council and the Royal Empire Circle.

DATU GINTAAWAN TUMAGNA DATU ORONG PAUNDOG DATU EDELVERIOS "GIMBIITAN" PAUNDOG of PEGSALABUK SUBANEN GLOBAL COUNCIL and ROYAL EMPIRE CIRCLE DATU FAUSTINO PAUNDOG – SAPANG DALAGA, MISAMIS OCCIDENTAL DATU FORTUNATO PAUNDOG – SERGIO OSMEÑA SR., ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE

DATU ENDING DATU FELIPE ENDING DATU EDWIN ENDING

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sultan of Sulu
  2. ^ ‘Sultan of Sulu’ attends wedding in Malaysia | Free Malaysia Today Archived 2011-09-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Jamalul Kiram III was a member of the Rumah Bichara (Council of the Sultan) during the reign of his late uncle, Sultan Esmail Kiram (1962–1974). He himself acted as "Interim Sultan" during the absence of his father Punjungan Kiram while in Sabah (1974–1981) and proclaimed himself in 1984 as Sultan of Sulu. He was crowned on June 15, 1986 in Jolo, Sulu.
  4. ^ Titular Sultan of Sulu from 1990–1999
  5. ^ Ismael Kiram II is the second son of Punjungan Kiram and younger brother of Jamalul Kiram III, and titular Sultan of Sulu since 1999.
  6. ^ Welcome to the Royal Hashemite Sultanate of Sulu & Sabah Official Website
  7. ^ Sultan of Sulu
  8. ^ "Asia America Initiative". Asia America Initiative. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "Memo Order 427". Royal House of Sulu. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  10. ^ Sulu sultan’s ‘heirs’ drop Sabah claim – INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos Archived 2013-07-03 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ So, who’s the real sultan? Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ The Sultans: Members Family Of The Royal House Of Maguindanao
  13. ^ "Lumad chieftain abandons rebel movement in Agusan". Manila Bulletin. 22 April 2009. Archived from the original on 5 November 2011. 
  14. ^ Lumad first to sit in council | Inquirer News
  15. ^ Banished Tagbanuas reclaim Calauit – INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos Archived 2010-03-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ http://au.totaltravel.yahoo.com/news-opinions/opinion/show/2529993/with-the-king-of-coron/