Recording Industry of South Africa
|Focus||Musical sound recordings and sales|
|Advocate Nhlanhla Sibisi (CEO)|
The Recording Industry of South Africa (RISA) represents the interests of major and independent record labels in South Africa. There are approximately 1,000 members, including the big four record labels, Sony Music, Universal Music, EMI and Warner (part of Gallo Warner in South Africa).
RISA is also responsible for acknowledging status awards for album sales. In the South Africa market, gold represents sales of 15,000 units while platinum represents sales of 30,000 units.
RISA is the body that represents musicians and publishers when it comes to copyright. The South African Copyright Act of 1978 states: "You may not make a copy of a sound recording without the permission of the author." This has been interpreted to mean that it is illegal to convert a CD to MP3 in South Africa.
Like the levels in most countries, RiSA certification levels were adjusted over the years to adjust for the changing music market. Until August 2006, albums were required to sell 25,000 units for gold certificate and 50,000 for platinum. For albums released since August 2006, the levels for albums were lowered to 20,000 copies for gold and 40,000 for platinum. These requirements were further adjusted for albums released from 1 December 2015, requiring 15,000 for gold and 30,000 for platinum. Digital sales are also accepted from August 2006, with 30 mastertone or ringback tone or 10 full track downloads equalling one album. The levels were adjusted in August 2018 to 220 master tones or ringback tones equalling one album. Streams were introduced in December 2018, with 1200 streams equalling one album.
The levels for singles were rather stable, 10,000 for gold and 25,000 for platinum, and remained the same at least until June 2013, the last IFPI International Certification Award levels report. With the introduction of a new RiSA website in August 2016, the level for platinum was 20,000. Digital sales for singles appeared in August 2018, with 22 master tones or ringback tones being equal to selling one single. Streams were added in December 2018 with 120 streams equally one single.
Other certification include multi-box audio sets (3 or more units per box) which are certified at 12,500 for gold and 25,000 for platinum, music videos at 5,000/10,000 and DVDs at 10,000/20,000.
On 2 September 2021, RISA announced the launch of The Official South African Charts (TOSAC), which includes a top 100 streaming chart for tracks by South African artists or that have at least one South African artist featured on them, as well as a combined top 100 streaming chart that includes all international and local songs. The streaming data is collected from Spotify, Apple Music and Deezer.
- "First official SA radio and digital music streaming chart platform, Tosac launches". BizCommunity. 2 September 2021. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
- "South Africa: Copyright (No. 125, Amended Copyright Act), Act, as consolidated 1992".
- "Warning: Converting a CD to MP3 illegal in SA".
- "IFPI Recording Industry In Numbers 2006" (PDF). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. 2006. pp. 108–109. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2006.
- "The Recording Industry in Japan 2005" (PDF). Recording Industry Association of Japan. 2005. p. 23.
- "Certification Award Levels October 2007" (PDF). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. October 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 April 2019.
- "RiSA New Certification Might Just Mean KO, Riky Rick And AKA sold platinum". SA Hip Hop Mag. 2 October 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- "Certification Levels". RiSA. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
- "Certification Levels". RiSA. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
- "Certification Levels". RiSA. Archived from the original on 18 December 2018. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
- "International Certification Award levels IFPI June 2013" (PDF). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. June 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2014.
- "SA Top-20". Radio Sonder Grense. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- Eggersten, Chris. "RiSA Launches Official South African Music Charts Based on Streaming Data". Billaboard. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
- The Official South African Charts (TOSAC) website (published by RISA)