Recreate Greece

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Recreate Greece
Δημιουργία, Ξανά
Dimiourgia, Xana
LeaderThanos Tzimeros
Founded8 December 2011
Ideology
Political positionFar-right[6][7][8]
Parliament
0 / 300
European Parliament
0 / 22
Regions[9]
3 / 725
Website
www.dimiourgiaxana.gr

Recreate Greece (Greek: Δημιουργία, Ξανά, romanizedDimiourgia, Xana, pronounced [ðimiurˈɣiɐ ksɐˈnɐ], lit.'Create, again') is a Greek far-right[10][11] political party, which has adopted an ideology heavily focused on anti-immigration,[12] anti-Islam[13][14] and anti-communism.[15][16]

History[edit]

Founded in December 2011,[17][18] it is led by Thanos Tzimeros[19][20] and is self-identified as a citizen-centered political movement,[21] with emphasis on the rebuilding of the Greek state.[22][23]

The party participated in the May 2012 Greek legislative election shortly after being founded, receiving 2.15% of the total vote, short of the 3% threshold needed to enter Parliament.[24][25] In the repeat elections in June, it formed an electoral alliance with Drasi, a fellow liberal party that had finished directly below them in the May election[26] with 1.8% of the vote.[27] Recreate Greece also approached Democratic Alliance,[28] but the latter opted to run on the New Democracy list instead.[29] In the 17 June 2012 elections, the combined parties garnered only 1.59%, a lower vote than either got in the elections the month before.[30] Drasi would later merge with New Democracy, while Recreate Greece declined further, receiving 0.53% in the 2015 election and 0.74% in 2019. In 2020, Thanos Tzimeros announced a new coaliation with far-right politician Failos Kranidiotis,[31] which was later merged with a new party formed by Greek conservative MP Constantinos Bogdanos, and named National Creation.

Ideology and leadership[edit]

Originally, the party's ideology has been referred to as classical liberalism and that it used to promote neoliberal ideas of free markets and small government. Because of his involvement for over a decade, it is widely believed that the party's leader Thanos Tzimeros shapes the party's ideology.[32] His speeches and beliefs have changed over the years, shifting the party further to the right.[33][34] He has been described as extreme or far-right.[10] Tzimeros has described the Greek Communist Party as dangerous and that it must be outlawed,[35] whilst he compares it to neo-Nazism.[36] In some cases, he even expressed controversial opinions about the Greek National Resistance being a historical crime.[37][38] He tends to have controversial views on migration, which have been described as racist, and often proclaims that Islam is a threat.[13][39][40]

Other notable incidents include Tzimeros' calls to overthrow the government in June 2015 which led to a criminal investigation.[41]

Election results[edit]

Hellenic Parliament[edit]

Election Leader Votes % Seats Rank
May 2012 Thanos Tzimeros 135.965 2,15%
0 / 300
11th
June 2012 Thanos Tzimeros 98.061
1,59%
(with Drassi and Liberal Alliance)
0 / 300
8th
September 2015 Thanos Tzimeros 28.936 0,53%
0 / 300
13th
July 2019 Thanos Tzimeros 41.647 0,74%
0 / 300
10th

European Parliament[edit]

Year Leader Votes % Seats Rank Group
2014 Thanos Tzimeros 51.749
0,91%
(with Drassi)
0 / 21
13th ALDE

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Η δεξιά του νεοφιλελευθερισμού
  2. ^ Θάνος Τζήμερος: Ένας γνήσιος εκφραστής του νεοφιλελευθερισμού
  3. ^ 2012 Greek (2nd) Parliamentary Post-Election Report
  4. ^ Τζημεροδεξιά
  5. ^ Το μέτωπο του παραλόγου
  6. ^ Εποχή - Εκλογικό αποτύπωμα και εμφωλευμένη άκρα δεξιά της Βασιλικής Γεωργιάδου
  7. ^ Οι ακροδεξιές απόψεις του Θάνου Τζήμερου: Ονειρεύεται μετανάστες - οικονομικούς σκλάβους!
  8. ^ https://www.amadeu-antonio-stiftung.de/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/ESOH-LOCKED-FINAL.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  9. ^ The counselors of the Regions.
  10. ^ a b Mulhall, Joe (2021). State of Hate: Far Right Extremism in Europe. Amadeu Antonio Stiftung.
  11. ^ Vamvakas, Vasilis (25 November 2020). "Social Media and the Institutionalization of Hate Speech in Greek Politics". Crisis' Representations: Frontiers and Identities in the Contemporary Media Narratives. Brill. pp. 48–63. doi:10.1163/9789004439559_004. ISBN 978-90-04-43955-9. S2CID 242343115.
  12. ^ Grammenos, Athanasios; Institut, Visio (29 January 2020). "Greek New Right and Eve of Conservative Populism". 4Liberty.eu. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  13. ^ a b Law, Ian; Easat-Daas, Amina; Merali, Arzu; Sayyid, S., eds. (2019). Countering Islamophobia in Europe. Cham: Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-16260-3. ISBN 978-3-030-16259-7. S2CID 214422445.
  14. ^ Bayrakli, Enes (2020). European Islamophobia Report 2019. SETA. ISBN 978-625-7040-52-5.
  15. ^ Porčnik, Tanja (2019). Europe: Liberalism vs Authoritarianism. Visio institut.
  16. ^ Ellis, Tom. "The next government, the center and the far-right | eKathimerini.com". www.ekathimerini.com. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  17. ^ Dimiourgia Xana - Idrytiki Diakyriksi
  18. ^ Real Politics - Archives
  19. ^ Thanos Tzimeros - CV
  20. ^ Capital.gr - Δημιουργία Ξανά...
  21. ^ TVXS - Dimiourgia Xana
  22. ^ Bayerisches Fernsehen
  23. ^ BBC news
  24. ^ Ημερησία online (article in greek)
  25. ^ Έθνος (article in greek)
  26. ^ "Parties forge alliances ahead of June vote". Kathimerini. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  27. ^ "Αποτελέσματα Εκλογών". newsbeast.gr. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
  28. ^ "Leader of liberal Drasi sees ND and PASOK disappearing". Kathimerini. 10 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  29. ^ "Bakoyannis returns to ND fold". Kathimerini. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  30. ^ official election results
  31. ^ "Μαζί στις εκλογές Δημιουργία Ξανά και Νέα Δεξιά | LiberalGr". www.liberal.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  32. ^ Λώρη, Κέζα (30 May 2012). "Τζημεροδεξιά". Ειδήσεις - νέα - Το Βήμα Online (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  33. ^ "Ζυμώσεις στα δεξιά της ΝΔ προαναγγέλλει κι επίσημα ο Θάνος Τζήμερος". HuffPost Greece (in Greek). 27 November 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  34. ^ "The networks and narratives of anti-refugee disinformation in Europe". ISD Global.
  35. ^ tvxs.gr (3 October 2021). "Αντικομμουνισμός για τρεις και το κόμμα Μπογδάνου". TVXS - TV Χωρίς Σύνορα (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  36. ^ "Απαράδεκτες δηλώσεις Τζήμερου: Συγκρίνει τον Κουτσούμπα με παιδόφιλο serial killer | Το Κουτί της Πανδώρας". www.koutipandoras.gr (in Greek). 9 September 2021. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  37. ^ Twitter https://twitter.com/thanostzimeros/status/911108523077054465. Retrieved 11 November 2021. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  38. ^ "Η Εθνική Αντίσταση, ο Τζήμερος και μία οφειλόμενη απάντηση (pic) | PLUS by gazzetta". www.gazzetta.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  39. ^ Η απειλή του Ισλάμ - #AskTzimeros 21/05/2018, retrieved 11 November 2021
  40. ^ Capital.gr. "Πλατεία Μωάμεθ, πρώην Τραφάλγκαρ". Capital.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  41. ^ Clapp, Alexander (10 July 2015). "Europe Didn't Win". Slate. ISSN 1091-2339. Retrieved 24 May 2022.

External links[edit]