Recycling in Australia
Household recycling is encouraged through the use of recycling bins. A sampling of the contents of the recycling bin in Victoria shows around 10% of the material should not have been disposed of by bin. These bins are comingled, meaning that often paper, glass and hard plastic all go into the same bin.
Electronic waste collection services were mandated under The National Television and Computer Recycling Scheme. The scheme was established in 2011. Australia does not have a national scheme for battery recycling. Container deposit legislation has been established in several states while others are rolling out schemes. Despite some recycling and re-use of lightweight plastic bags they are being phased out.
Clean Up Australia is a national organisation dedicated to addressing environmental issues such as recycling.
A parliamentary inquiry into the waste and recycling industry in Australia filed a report on 13 June 2018.
On 1 January 2018, China restricted imports on 24 categories of Australian recycling materials, resulting in stockpiling of recyclable materials in Australia. Waste Management Association of Australia president Garth Lamb has advocated for infrastructure projects to use recovered recycled materials rather than raw materials, such as crushed glass replacing sand in roadworks. The restrictions impose a maximum contamination threshold for accepted materials of 0.5% which is unlikely to be met by the industry in Australia.
Automotive recycling is considered one of the main solutions to the environmental concern about growing number of vehicles reaching End_Of_Life (EOL) cycle. According to Australian Bureau of Statistics data, during 2001 to 2015 the number of new motor vehicles sales increased by 48% in Australia. Similarly with average life cycle of vehicle in Australia of 10.1 years, the number of vehicle reaching its EOL cycle is growing fast too. Only during 2014 to 2015 in Australia 765,828 number of vehicles reached their End-Of-Life cycle. To face this environmental concern automotive recycling has very important role to play. In regard to vehicle recycling What makes this issue an opportunity for business is the high rate recovery 85-95% of the material used in vehicles.
In Australia, vehicle reached their EOL are passed from owners to the auto recyclers or so called auto wreckers directly or through insurance company, car repair mechanics and used car dealers. In first stage the car batteries and fluids will be removed under depollution process. In second stage the valuable and high demand vehicle parts are recovered EOL vehicles and sale in the market for reuse and to get financial gain. In last stage of the recycling the remaining part of EOL vehicle are passed to metal recycling facilities to recover the valuable metals.
In different parts of the world, auto recycling or EOL vehicles waste is restricted with number of national legislations. In Europe it is European union body, similarly Japanese and Koreans have their own specific measurements and regulatory legislations. In contrast some developed countries like US, Australia and Canada have no specific regulations in the form of mandatory legislations to follow for EOL vehicles management. In Australia the EOL vehicle managements are driven mostly by economic mechanisms. under recent circumstances of no national legislation in regard to EOL vehicles managements, most recyclers are motivated due to the value of metal scarp and valuable parts they acquire from vehicles.
- Circular economy
- Container deposit legislation in Australia
- Environmental issues in Australia
- Litter in Australia
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- "National Television and Computer Recycling Scheme". Department of Environmental and Energy. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
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- Soo, Vi Kie; Compston, Paul; Doolan, Matthew (2016). "Is the Australian Automotive Recycling Industry Heading towards a Global Circular Economy? – A Case Study on Vehicle Doors". Procedia CIRP. 48: 10–15. doi:10.1016/j.procir.2016.03.099.