|Female (left) and male (right)|
|Psittacula alexandri distribution by subspecies|
Psittacus alexandri Linnaeus, 1758
The red-breasted parakeet (Psittacula alexandri) is a parrot native to Southeast Asia. It is among the more widespread species of the genus and is the species which has the most geographical variations. It is easily identified by the large red patch on its breast. An alternative name is the moustached parakeet depending on subspecies. Most of the subspecies are confined to minuscule islands or a cluster of islands in Indonesia. One subspecies occurs in the Andaman islands, and one subspecies occurs in continental Southeast Asia and partly extending to northeastern parts of South Asia along the foothills of the Himalayas. Some of the island races may be threatened by the wild bird trade. The nominate race, which occurs in Java, is close to extinction.
The red-breasted parakeet was formally described in 1758 by the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus in the tenth edition of his Systema Naturae. He placed it with all the other parrots in the genus Psittacus and coined the binomial name Psittacus alexandri. The type locality is the island of Java. The red-breasted parakeet is now placed in the genus Psittacula that was introduced in 1800 by the French naturalist Georges Cuvier. The genus name is a diminutive of the Latin word psittacus for a "parrot". The specific epithet alexandri is from Alexander the Great whose soldiers introduced parakeets to Greece.
- P. a. fasciata (Müller, PLS, 1776) – north India to south China and Indochina
- P. a. abbotti (Oberholser, 1919) – Andaman Islands
- P. a. cala (Oberholser, 1912) – Simeulue (west of north Sumatra)
- P. a. major (Richmond, 1902) – Lasia and Babi Islands (west of north Sumatra)
- P. a. perionca (Oberholser, 1912) – Nias (west of north Sumatra)
- P. a. alexandri (Linnaeus, 1758) – Java, Bali and south Borneo
- P. a. dammermani Chasen & Kloss, 1932 – Karimunjawa Islands (north of central Java)
- P. a. kangeanensis Hoogerwerf, 1962 – Kangean Islands (north of Bali)
- BirdLife International (2017). "Psittacula alexandri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T22685505A111371703. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-1.RLTS.T22685505A111371703.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
- Linnaeus, Carl (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis (in Latin). Vol. 1 (10th ed.). Holmiae (Stockholm): Laurentii Salvii. p. xxx.
- Peters, James Lee, ed. (1937). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 3. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 244.
- Cuvier, Georges (1800). Leçons d'Anatomie Comparée (in French). Vol. 1. Paris: Baudouin. Table near end.
- Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (January 2022). "Parrots, cockatoos". IOC World Bird List Version 12.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 21 March 2022.
- Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 321, 41. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
- Oriental Bird Images: Red-breasted Parakeet (selected photos)