Red-winged lark

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Red-winged lark
Red-winged Lark.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Alaudidae
Genus: Mirafra
Species: M. hypermetra
Binomial name
Mirafra hypermetra
(Reichenow, 1879)
Subspecies

see text

Mirafra hypermetra distribution map.png
     resident range
Synonyms
  • Spilocorydon hypermetrus

The red-winged lark (Mirafra hypermetra) is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae found in eastern Africa.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The red-winged lark is taken to form a species complex with the allopatric[2] rufous-naped lark, and perhaps with the Somali lark. The name "red-winged lark" is sometimes used as an alternate name for the Indian bush lark. The alternate names red-winged bush lark and rufous-winged bush lark may also be used to describe the Indian bush lark or the Bengal bush lark respectively.[3][4]

Subspecies[edit]

Four subspecies are recognized:[5]

  • M. h. kathangorensis - Cave, 1940: Found in south-eastern Sudan
  • M. h. kidepoensis - Macdonald, 1940: Found in southern Sudan and north-eastern Uganda
  • Galla red-winged lark (M. h. gallarum) - Hartert, 1907: Found in Ethiopia
  • M. h. hypermetra - (Reichenow, 1879): Found in southern Somalia to north-eastern Tanzania

Description[edit]

It is a larger version of the rufous-naped lark, with a more robust bill and longer tail,[6] but their morphological and vocal features do not intergrade where they occur together.[7]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It has a patchy but quite extensive range in equatorial eastern Africa. It occurs within Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda, and its estimated global extent of occurrence is 660,000 km2.[1] Its total population has yet to be quantified, but is believed to be large.[1]

Its natural habitat is savanna[6] in tropical to subtropical dry, open, lowland.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Mirafra hypermetra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
  2. ^ Britton, P. L., ed. (1980). Birds of East Africa: 612. Mirafra africana Smith Rufous-naped Lark KTU 659. Nairobi: EANHS. p. 114. 
  3. ^ "Mirafra erythroptera - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-28. 
  4. ^ "Mirafra assamica - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-28. 
  5. ^ "IOC World Bird List 6.4". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/ioc.ml.6.4. 
  6. ^ a b Sinclair, Ian; Ryan, Peter (2010). Birds of Africa south of the Sahara (2nd ed.). Cape Town: Struik Nature. p. 330. ISBN 9781770076235. 
  7. ^ "Rufous-naped Lark (Mirafra africana) - HBW 9, p. 551". Internet Bird Collection. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 29 June 2016.