|Written by||John Logan|
|Date premiered||December 3, 2009|
|Place premiered||Donmar Warehouse, London|
|Setting||Rothko's New York studio|
Red is a play by American writer John Logan about artist Mark Rothko first produced by the Donmar Warehouse, London, on December 8, 2009. The original production was directed by Michael Grandage and performed by Alfred Molina as Rothko and Eddie Redmayne as his fictional assistant Ken.
The production, with its two leads, transferred to Broadway at the John Golden Theatre for a limited engagement which began on March 11, 2010, and closed on June 27. It was the 2010 Tony Award winner for Best Play. Additionally, Redmayne won a 2010 Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play.
"There is only one thing I fear in life, my friend... One day the black will swallow the red."
Mark Rothko is in his New York studio in 1958/59, having been commissioned to paint a group of murals for the expensive and exclusive Four Seasons restaurant. He gives orders to his assistant, Ken, as Ken mixes the paints, makes the frames, and primes the canvases. Ken, however, eventually brashly questions Rothko's theories of art and his acceding to work on such a commercial project. For his part, Rothko dislikes the rise of pop art.
Ultimately, Rothko stops working on the project and decides to return the money. He explains to Ken that the Four Seasons is an inappropriate place for his murals to be seen.
Reviews for the London production were mixed for the play but positive for Molina's performance. Michael Billington in The Guardian wrote: "Alfred Molina, with his large frame and beetling eyebrows, has exactly the fierce intensity of an artist whose paintings were a dynamic battle between Apollo and Dionysus".
In reviewing the Broadway production, Michael Kuchwara of the Associated Press wrote: "They are the tantalizing first words of Red, John Logan's engrossing, often enthralling new play about art, an artist and the act of creation." Those first words were "What do you see?" Variety wrote that "Alfred Molina is majestic".
Awards and nominations
The play was nominated for a total of seven Tony Awards, winning six, including: Best Play, Best Featured Actor in a Play for Eddie Redmayne, Best Direction of a Play for Michael Grandage, Best Scenic Design of a Play for Christopher Oram, Best Lighting Design of a Play for Neil Austin, and Best Sound Design of a Play for Adam Cork. In addition, Alfred Molina was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play for his role as Mark Rothko. All in all, it received the most wins out of any other production that season. The play also won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Play while Grandage and Austin were honoured with Drama Desk Awards for their work. Molina, Cork and Oram were also similarly nominated.
In October 2013, the play premiered in Chile at Centro Mori Bellavista theatre under the title Rojo, starring Luis Gnecco and Martin Bacigalupo, directed by Rodrigo Sepúlveda and produced by The Cow Company.
Geva Theatre Center in Rochester, New York, mounted a production of Red in October/November 2015, starring Stephen Caffrey as Mark Rothko and John Ford-Dunker as Ken. Directed by Skip Greer, the production featured scenic design by Robert Koharchik, costume design by Ann M. Emo, lighting design by Kendall Smith and sound design by Dan Roach.
In October 2016 the play opened at The Junction in Dubai before transferring to the JamJar. The production starred Osman Aboubakr as Rothko and Deepak Venugopal as Ken, with direction by Alex Broun.
In July/August 2017, the play was mounted at the Cape Playhouse in Dennis, Massachusetts. Stephen Caffrey starred as Mark Rothko and Patrick Stafford as Ken, with direction by David Glenn Armstrong.
The play was revived from May to July 2018 at the Wyndham's Theatre in London's West End directed by Michael Grandage, with Alfred Enoch as Ken, and Alfred Molina reprising his original role as Rothko. From this production, a film was made for Public Broadcasting Stations (PBS) in the US and aired November 15, 2019.
Works referenced in the play
The play references other works of art:
- Mohr, Betty. "Red is a larger-than-life portrait of Rothko", Chicago Sun-Times. October 19, 2011
- Shenton, Mark."Alfred Molina Stars in Donmar Warehouse Premiere of Logan's Red, Opening Dec. 8", Playbill, December 8, 2009
- "Red listing", Donmar Warehouse, retrieved May 25, 2010 Archived March 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- Hetrick, Adam and Jones, Kenneth."Red, with Alfred Molina and Eddie Redmayne, Splashes Onto Broadway", Playbill, April 1, 2010
- "Who's Nominated?". Tony Awards. Retrieved June 13, 2010.[failed verification]
- "Review: Red" by Michael Billington, The Guardian, December 9, 2009
- "Red reviews", didhelikeit.com, retrieved May 22, 2010
- Gans, Andrew."Sondheim, Red, Bridge, La Cage and Molina Win Drama League Awards", Playbill, May 21, 2010. Accessed February 11, 2018.
- Gans, Andrew. "Red, Memphis, Bridge, Fences and La Cage Win Drama Desk Awards", Playbill, May 23, 2010. Accessed February 11, 2018.
- Nobuko Tanaka, "Shun Oguri faces off with an artistic master in Red", The Japan Times, August 20, 2015. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
- "Full casting announced for The Lieutenant of Inishmore", London Theatre 1, January 12, 2018
- "Red | About | Great Performances | PBS". Great Performances. September 19, 2019. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
- Study Guide: Red, Erin Schachter, Jessica Warnock, Brendon Allen, Kevin Parkin, Canadian Stage, 2011
- Red at the Internet Broadway Database
- Probst, Andy. "Review Roundup: Red, with Alfred Molina, at Donmar Warehouse", theatermania.com, December 10, 2009
- Behind the Scenes: Red, by John Logan. Background material prepared for Ensemble Theatre Company by Anna Jensen.