Red Bank, New Jersey
|Red Bank, New Jersey|
|Borough of Red Bank|
Aerial view of Red Bank
Map of Red Bank in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Red Bank, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 17, 1870 (as town)|
|Reincorporated||March 10, 1908 (as borough)|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Pasquale Menna (D, term ends December 31, 2018)|
|• Administrator||Stanley J. Sickels|
|• Clerk||Pamela Borghi|
|• Total||2.162 sq mi (5.600 km2)|
|• Land||1.739 sq mi (4.504 km2)|
|• Water||0.423 sq mi (1.096 km2) 19.58%|
|Area rank||396th of 566 in state
28th of 53 in county
|Elevation||43 ft (13 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||12,204|
|• Rank||200th of 566 in state
16th of 53 in county
|• Density||7,019.1/sq mi (2,710.1/km2)|
|• Density rank||61st of 566 in state
5th of 53 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||07701-07704, 07709|
|GNIS feature ID||0885366|
Red Bank is a borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, incorporated in 1908 and located on the Navesink River, the area's original transportation route to the ocean and other ports. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough had a population of 12,206, reflecting an increase of 362 (+3.1%) from the 11,844 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,208 (+11.4%) from the 10,636 counted in the 1990 Census.
Red Bank was originally formed as a town on March 17, 1870, from portions of Shrewsbury Township. On February 14, 1879, Red Bank became Shrewsbury City, a portion of Shrewsbury Township, but this only lasted until May 15, 1879, when Red Bank regained its independence. On March 10, 1908, Red Bank was formed as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature and was set off from Shrewsbury Township. The borough was named for the red soil along the Navesink River.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Arts and culture
- 6 Sports
- 7 Government
- 8 Education
- 9 Infrastructure
- 10 In media
- 11 Notable people
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Occupied by indigenous peoples for thousands of years, in historic times the area of modern-day Red Bank was the territory of the Algonquian-speaking Lenape Native Americans, also called the Delaware by the English. The Lenape lived in the area between the Navesink River and the Shrewsbury River in an area that they called Navarumsunk. The Native Americans traded freely with European settlers from England and the Dutch Republic in the mid-17th century, who purchased land in the area.
Originally part of "Shrewsbury Towne", Red Bank was named in 1736, when Thomas Morford sold Joseph French "a lot of over three acres on the west side of the highway that goes to the red bank." Red Bank was settled by English colonists beginning in the 17th century and became a center for shipbuilding. Its population grew rapidly after 1809, when regularly scheduled passenger ships were established to serve the route to Manhattan.
By 1844, Red Bank had become a commercial and manufacturing center, focused on textiles, tanning, furs, and other goods for sale in Manhattan. With the dredging of the Navesink River about 1845, Red Bank became a port from which steamboats transported commuters to work in Manhattan. Red Bank grew in size as a result of this, as well as the effects of construction of a railway in the town by the Raritan and Delaware Bay Railroad in 1860.
During the 20th century, Red Bank was a strong cultural, economic, and political center in Monmouth County, until it was hindered by the economic recession that began in 1987. During this time, Red Bank's economy, based largely on retail commerce, was in decline, due to a real estate scandal. Local pundits and urban planners referred to the town as "Dead Bank".
Beginning in approximately 1991, under the New Jersey Development and Redevelopment Law, the borough authorized the creation of the Red Bank RiverCenter to manage redevelopment in what was designated as a special improvement district. RiverCenter retains authority over the management and redevelopment of a defined central business district, which includes Broad Street from the post office to Marine Park and from Maple Avenue to one block east of Broad Street. A number of urban redevelopment projects have taken place, including improved signage, distinctive and pedestrian-friendly sidewalks and lighting, a coherent design plan for Main Street and other major thoroughfares, improved condition of parking lots with landscaping, and similar projects.
The district as originally proposed was larger, to include the commercial areas west of Maple Avenue, including the antique buildings, The Galleria, and Shrewsbury Avenue. But, some property owners in this area were opposed to paying the special assessment. Plans for the larger district advanced but opposition became more rigorous. The proposed district was amended to exclude opponents, and the district that was adopted stops at Maple Avenue.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.162 square miles (5.600 km2), including 1.739 square miles (4.504 km2) of land and 0.423 square miles (1.096 km2) of water (19.58%).
Red Bank is located on the southern bank of the Navesink River, in northern Monmouth County, New Jersey. It is about 24 miles (39 km) due south of the tip of Manhattan and about 25 nautical miles (46 km) to the tip of Manhattan if traveling by water along the Navesink River and through Raritan Bay.
|Climate data for Red Bank, New Jersey|
|Average high °F (°C)||41
|Average low °F (°C)||23
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||4.12
1930–1990 2000 2010
The 2010 United States Census counted 12,206 people, 4,929 households, and 2,469 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,019.1 per square mile (2,710.1/km2). The borough contained 5,381 housing units at an average density of 3,094.4 per square mile (1,194.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 63.20% (7,714) White, 12.42% (1,516) Black or African American, 0.97% (118) Native American, 1.85% (226) Asian, 0.11% (13) Pacific Islander, 18.56% (2,265) from other races, and 2.90% (354) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 34.39% (4,198) of the population.
Out of a total of 4,929 households, 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.8% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.9% were non-families. 40.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the borough, 20.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females the census counted 103.6 males, but for 100 females at least 18 years old, it was 103.5 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $59,118 (with a margin of error of +/− $9,139) and the median family income was $79,922 (+/− $12,117). Males had a median income of $51,053 (+/− $6,351) versus $47,368 (+/− $9,445) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $36,424 (+/− $3,310). About 13.1% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 11,844 people, 5,201 households, and 2,501 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,639.1 people per square mile (2,569.1/km2). There were 5,450 housing units at an average density of 3,055.0 per square mile (1,182.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 68.19% White, 20.05% African American, 0.35% Native American, 2.19% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 6.73% from other races, and 2.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.11% of the population.
There were 5,201 households out of which 18.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 51.9% were non-families. 42.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the borough the population was spread out with 17.5% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 35.2% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $47,282, and the median income for a family was $63,333. Males had a median income of $45,922 versus $34,231 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,265. About 6.3% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.5% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
Red Bank has an eclectic mix of businesses, including entertainment, retail, professional, medical and hospitality. It offers luxury stores, like Garmany and Tiffany, Urban Outfitters, coffee shops like Starbucks and Rook. Garmany of Red Bank has been expanded from a men's store into a luxury department store with 40,000 square feet (3,700 m2) of high-end retail space. Store openings have included Tiffany & Co. in November 2007.
Arts and culture
Red Bank is a noted social and commercial destination, filled with boutiques, designer clothing and home stores, parks, and restaurants. Special events are scheduled throughout the summer, such as the KaBoomFest fireworks on July 3, which attracted as many as 150,000 spectators at its 51st annual event in 2010.
Since the 1950s, Red Bank has held the Annual Red Bank Sidewalk Sale. The 58th Annual Sidewalk Sale was held from July 27, 2012 to July 29, 2012, and was seen in "The Sidewalk Stash", the November 11, 2012 episode of the reality TV series Comic Book Men.
The Count Basie Theatre has hosted performers such as Kevin Smith, David Sedaris, Tracy Morgan, Bill Cosby, Bob Newhart, Foreigner, Andy Williams, Brian Setzer, B.B. King, and others. The Count Basie Theatre is also home to Phoenix Productions, a non-profit community theatre founded in 1988 puts on large scale musicals four times a year. The Two River Theater Company opened a large performance space on April 30, 2005, called the Two River Theater. Bruce Springsteen filmed his 2005 VH-1 Storytellers special at the Two River Theatre. The Marion Huber Theater, also operated by the Two River Theater Company, is a small black box theater, with seating for about 100.
Boating, sculling, sailing, and fishing are popular outdoor activities in and near Red Bank; in the winter, ice boats sail on the Navesink when it freezes over, as it did in 2009. The Monmouth Boat Club, Marine Park, and the slips of the Molly Pitcher Inn provide access to the Navesink and, from there, Sandy Hook and the Gateway National Recreation Area, the Jersey Shore and the Atlantic Ocean.
Broad Street is one of the borough's central streets and is known for its lavish Christmas decorations, which appear on the street during the holiday season. The street is closed to traffic for a free concert sponsored by Holiday Express, after which the lights are all lit again. Up to 7,000 people attend the shows annually.
Red Bank hosts the Red Bank Jazz & Blues Festival in partnership with the Jersey Shore Jazz & Blues Society. "First Night", a New Year's Eve arts and entertainment festival, is a Red Bank event designed to provide an alternative to alcohol-related events.
Each year from 1960 through 2011, a fireworks display was launched from the Navesink River close to Red Bank on July 3, the eve of Independence Day. "KaBoomFest" was held in Marine Park, where local bands and vendors formed a major gathering.
The George Sheehan Classic began in 1981 as the Asbury Park 10K Classic and quickly became one of the major road running events on the national calendar. The race moved to Red Bank in 1994 and was renamed in honor of Dr. George A. Sheehan, the prominent author, philosopher and area physician. The Classic was named one of the Top 100 Road Races by Runner's World magazine, and the Best Memorial Race in New Jersey by The New York Times. The 2012 running, shortened to a 5K race, attracted nearly 1,300 participants.
Red Bank is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Red Bank, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2017[update], the Mayor of Red Bank is Democratic Pasquale Menna, whose term of office ends on December 31, 2018. Members of the Borough Council are Council President Kathleen A. Horgan (D, 2019), Linda D. Schwabenbauer (R, 2017), Mark D. Taylor (R, 2018), Michael P. Whelan (R, 2018), Erik K. Yngstrom (D, 2019) and Edward J. Zipprich (D, 2017).
Federal, state and county representation
Red Bank is located in the 4th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 11th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Red Bank had been in the 12th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Red Bank had been part of the 6th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Christopher Smith (R). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 11th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jennifer Beck (R, Red Bank) and in the General Assembly by Joann Downey (D, Freehold Township) and Eric Houghtaling (D, Neptune Township). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director. As of 2014[update], Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township; term ends December 31, 2014), Freeholder Deputy Director Gary J. Rich, Sr. (R, Spring Lake; 2014), Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City; 2016), John P. Curley (R, Middletown Township; 2015) and Serena DiMaso (R, Holmdel Township; 2016). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk M. Claire French (Wall Township), Sheriff Shaun Golden (Farmingdale) and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (Middletown Township).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 6,217 registered voters in Red Bank, of which 2,118 (34.1%) were registered as Democrats, 1,185 (19.1%) were registered as Republicans and 2,906 (46.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 8 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 63.2% of the vote (2,730 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 35.2% (1,523 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (70 votes), among the 4,359 ballots cast by the borough's 6,440 registered voters (36 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 67.7%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 63.2% of the vote (3,129 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 34.0% (1,682 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (47 votes), among the 4,948 ballots cast by the borough's 6,669 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.2%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 58.1% of the vote (2,849 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 40.4% (1,984 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (42 votes), among the 4,905 ballots cast by the borough's 6,856 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 71.5.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 56.4% of the vote (1,527 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 41.2% (1,116 votes), and other candidates with 2.4% (65 votes), among the 2,772 ballots cast by the borough's 6,510 registered voters (64 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 42.6%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 46.0% of the vote (1,460 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 45.9% (1,457 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.3% (200 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (24 votes), among the 3,176 ballots cast by the borough's 6,332 registered voters, yielding a 50.2% turnout.
The Red Bank Borough Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its two schools had an enrollment of 1,405 students and 85.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 16.5:1. Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Red Bank Primary School (with 699 students in pre-kindergarten through fourth grade) and Red Bank Middle School (with 525 students in fourth through eighth grades).
For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend Red Bank Regional High School, which also serves students from Little Silver and Shrewsbury Borough, along with students in the district's academy programs from other communities who are eligible to attend on a tuition basis. Students from other Monmouth County municipalities are eligible to attend the high school for its performing arts program, with admission on a competitive basis. The borough has five elected representatives on the nine-member Board of Education. As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,233 students and 111.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.1:1.
Red Bank Charter School is a public school for students in kindergarten through eighth grade that operates under a charter granted by the New Jersey Department of Education and accepts students and receives its funding from a portion of property taxes, like a typical public school. It does not charge tuition and operates independently of the public school system, with a separate school board. Students are selected to enroll in the charter school based on an annual lottery, which is open to all Red Bank residents of school age.
Other schools in Red Bank include Red Bank Catholic High School and St. James Elementary School which are Catholic schools affiliated with Saint James parish and operate under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 29.86 miles (48.06 km) of roadways, of which 23.09 miles (37.16 km) were maintained by the municipality, 5.25 miles (8.45 km) by Monmouth County and 1.52 miles (2.45 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
NJ Transit train service at Red Bank station is provided on the North Jersey Coast Line, offering express and local service. Diesel service operates from Hoboken Terminal to Bay Head, New Jersey. Electric service operates from Penn Station to Long Branch, New Jersey, where the electrified portion of the line ends. Mid-line stations include Newark Penn Station, Newark Liberty International Airport (NJT station), and Secaucus Junction.
Bus service through Red Bank is provided by Academy Bus (express to New York City) and Veolia Transport, running routes under contract to NJ Transit. Local bus service is provided on the 831, 832, 833, 834 and 835 routes.
Several tunes composed and/or made famous by Count Basie name-check the town in their title, including "Red Bank Boogie" and "The Kid from Red Bank." Basie was born and grew up in Red Bank, starting his musician's career there. A bronze bust of Basie was commissioned to mark what would have been his 100th birthday in 2004, and was placed in the plaza outside the Red Bank train station.
In his 1942 essay "Memoirs of a Drudge", humorist James Thurber recalls being sent to Red Bank by his newspaper's city editor on a tip that "Violets (are) growing in the snow over in Red Bank." Putting in a telephone call to that town's Chief of Police in advance, Thurber is told by a desk sergeant, "Ain't no violence over here."
Some of the films by Kevin Smith, who lived in Red Bank while working as an up-and-coming director, are partially set there, including Chasing Amy, Dogma, and Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back. Smith's comic book store, Jay and Silent Bob's Secret Stash, which is the setting of the AMC reality television series, Comic Book Men, is also located in Red Bank, at 35 Broad Street. Smith and View Askew Productions also host the annual Vulgarthon film marathon in various theaters around Red Bank.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Red Bank include: ((B) denotes that the person was born there.)
- Mimi Alford (born 1943), woman who served as an intern in the Press Office of the White House from 1962 to 1963, during which time, she had an affair with President John F. Kennedy she described in her 2012 book Once Upon a Secret.
- Michael Arnone (born 1932), politician, who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1989 to 2004, where he represented the 12th Legislative District, after serving as Red Bank's mayor in 1979 and 1980.
- Daniel V. Asay (1847–1930), iceboat racer.
- James Avati (1912–2005), illustrator and paperback cover artist.
- Sebastian Bach (born 1968), former lead singer of hard rock band Skid Row.
- Count Basie (1904–1984), jazz pianist and bandleader. The Neal Hefti tune, "The Kid from Red Bank," refers to him.
- Virginia Bauer (born 1956), advocate for families of the victims of the September 11 terror attacks who is a Commissioner of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.
- Jennifer Beck (born 1967), politician who represents the 12th Legislative District in the New Jersey Senate, and served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 2006–2008.
- Clint Black (born 1962), country music singer-songwriter, record producer, multi-instrumentalist and occasional actor.
- Pete Capella (born 1977), actor and voice actor best known for his voice role as Silver the Hedgehog in the Sonic the Hedgehog games.
- Edmund S. Crelin, Jr. (1923–2004), Professor Emeritus of Anatomy at Yale University.
- John P. Curley, member of the Monmouth County Board of Chosen Freeholders who served on the Red Bank Borough Council.
- Sean Dawkins (born 1971), former NFL wide receiver who played for the Indianapolis Colts, New Orleans Saints, Seattle Seahawks and Jacksonville Jaguars.
- David DeFazio (born 1983), American ice dancer who currently represents Switzerland in international competition.
- Peter Dobson (born 1964), actor who had a cameo role in Forrest Gump as Elvis Presley.
- Sigmund Eisner (1859–1925), clothing manufacturer and president of the Sigmund Eisner Company.
- Sigmund Eisner (1920–2012), scholar of medieval literature who was an expert on Geoffrey Chaucer.
- Abram Isaac Elkus (1867–1947), lawyer who served as United States Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire.
- Brian Fallon (born 1980), guitarist, songwriter, singer and bandleader of The Gaslight Anthem.
- Timothy Thomas Fortune (1856–1928), orator, civil rights leader, journalist and founder of The New York Age, editor and publisher; his Red Bank home, Maple Hill, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
- Blair Kamin, Pulitzer Prize-winning architecture critic. (B)
- Jake Kalish (born 1991), professional baseball pitcher. (B)
- Chris Lieto (born 1972), international triathlete who finished second at the Ironman Hawaii 2009.
- Eric McCoo (born 1980), former NFL running back.(B)
- Pat Noble (born 1993), National Co-Chair of the Socialist Party USA.
- Daniel J. O'Hern (1930–2009), former Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court who served as councilman and mayor of Red Bank.
- Michael J. Panter (born 1969), former Assemblyman who represented the 12th Legislative District in the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Frederik Pohl (1919–2013), science fiction author.
- Elise Primavera (born 1955), children's author and illustrator.
- Lori Rom (born 1975), actress.
- David Sancious (born 1953), early member of the E Street Band.
- Natalie Schafer (1900–1991), actress known as Mrs. Thurston Howell III on the classic 1960s TV series Gilligan's Island.
- Eddie August Schneider (1911–1940), pilot who set airspeed records.
- Kevin Smith (born 1970), film director who has shot films in Red Bank.
- Snuffy Stirnweiss (1918–1958), Major League Baseball second baseman who played for the New York Yankees.
- Edmund Wilson (1895–1972), literary critic.(B)
- David Wojnarowicz (1954–1992), painter, photographer, writer, filmmaker, performance artist and AIDS activist.
- Alexander Woollcott (1887–1943), writer and critic born at the nearby North American Phalanx utopian community.
- Jeff Wulkan (born 1983), entrepreneur, CEO of Bikini Barbers and reality TV star of Bikini Barbershop.(B)
- Dave Wyndorf (born 1956), songwriter, guitarist, singer and Monster Magnet bandleader.
- Young Rising Sons, alternative rock band.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Mayor and Council, Borough of Red Bank. Accessed January 22, 2017.
- 2016 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed June 14, 2016. As of date accessed, Menna was listed as mayor with an incorrect term-end year of 2016.
- Administration, Borough of Red Bank. Accessed July 18, 2016.
- Borough Clerk, Borough of Red Bank. Accessed July 18, 2016.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 157.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Red Bank, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Red Bank borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 15, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 6. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Red Bank borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 15, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 2015 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 6, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Red Bank, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed May 9, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 29, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Red Bank, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 29, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 10, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 10, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 184. Accessed July 10, 2012.
- Honeyman, Abraham Van Doren. Index-analysis of the Statutes of New Jersey, 1896-1909: Together with References to All Acts, and Parts of Acts, in the 'General Statutes' and Pamphlet Laws Expressly Repealed: and the Statutory Crimes of New Jersey During the Same Period, p. 230. New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Company, 1910. Accessed September 22, 2015.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 21, 2015.
- Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 259. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed September 21, 2015.
- Sullivan, Joseph F. "Metropolitan Baedeker: Around Red Bank and the Navesink". The New York Times. October 15, 1976. Accessed July 10, 2012.
- "History". Borough of Red Bank. Accessed July 11, 2012.
- Staff. "Anniversary of the City Guard.; EXCURSION TO LONG BRANCH OPENING OF THE RARITAN AND DELAWARE BAY RAILROAD DINNER, SPEECHES, ETC.". The New York Times. June 20, 1860. Accessed May 9, 2012. "It being the occasion of the opening of the Raritan and Delaware Bay Railroad, to Long Branch, the City Guard accepted the invitation of the Railroad Company to pass over their road and join in the opening celebration at the same time that they celebrated their own anniversary.... The Raritan and Delaware Bay Railroad, it may be proper to state here, was projected to run to Cabe [sic] May, and to form part of an air-line from New-York to Norfolk, a distance of 300 miles, 250 of which is to be by rail and the remainder by water."
- James, George (June 17, 2001). "COMMUNITIES; From Dead Bank To Red Bank". The New York Times. Accessed May 9, 2012. Quote: "It was the mid 1980's, and downtown stores were being forced out of business by the invasion of sprawling new malls, the population was slipping and the commercial and residential tax base was eroding. Red Bank was known as Dead Bank."
- Red Bank, New Jersey Travel and Vacation Information. Accessed July 10, 2012.
- Higgs, Larry. "Downtown Red Bank likened to Hoboken", Asbury Park Press, December 11, 2005. Accessed July 10, 2012.
- Burton, John. "Special Improvement District Seeks Expansion To West Side", The Two River Times, November 17, 2006. Accessed July 15, 2012. "A plan to include the borough's west side in the original special improvement district was abandoned because of a threat of legal action brought by a Shrewsbury Avenue commercial property owner, who opposed the special assessment as inequitable.... As proposed, the lines of the district would include Monmouth Street west of Maple Avenue to Bridge Avenue, including Bridge and extending to Rector Place, to Chestnut Street on the south, and going to the Navesink River to the north."
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Areas touching Red Bank, MapIt. Accessed April 25, 2015.
- Average Weather for Red Bank, Weather.com. Accessed May 13, 2008.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 29, 2016.
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- Fischler, Marcelle S. "SHOPPING; A Cappuccino With That $5,000 Suit?". The New York Times. November 19, 2006. Accessed May 17, 2013. "Last year the Garmanys expanded the Red Bank outlet into a 40,000-square-foot, sophisticated department store. The first-floor men's department is divided into boutiques for designer brands like Canali and Zegna."
- Staff. "Tiffany remains 'cautious' on U.S. market", National Jeweler, March 24, 2008. Accessed July 22, 2015.
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- LaGorce, Tammy (June 24, 2011). "A Town Celebration, Fireworks and All". The New York Times. Accessed May 9, 2012. "KaBoomFest, now in its 52nd year, shows few signs of slowing down. In 2010, 150,000 people attended the fireworks display, which will run 23 minutes this year. The same number of spectators is expected this year, said Mr. Hogan, who is also the president of the town's Riverview Medical Center."
- "58th Annual Sidewalk Sale". Official Jersey Shore Convention & Visitors Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
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- Egan, Christine. "JOURNEYS; 36 Hours | Red Bank, N.J.". The New York Times. September 17, 2004. Accessed July 15, 2012. "Red Bank supports a growing array of trendy shops and restaurants, and has fashioned itself into a mini-center for the arts, with famous neighbors including Bruce Springsteen and Jon Bon Jovi in nearby towns."
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- Muessig, Terry Gauthier. "Red Bank galleries invite patrons to stroll through works", Asbury Park Press, July 20, 2006. Accessed July 15, 2012.
- History, Count Basie Theatre. Accessed May 9, 2012.
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- VH1 Storytellers Bruce Springsteen, AllMusic. Accessed May 9, 2012. "Springsteen, appearing alone on-stage at the Two River Theater in Red Bank, NJ, on April 4, 2005 (except for a duet with his wife, Patti Scialfa, on Beautiful Disguise) takes the 'storytellers' concept of explaining the sources of his songs seriously, although he peppers his remarks with self-deprecating humor, much of it directed at his good-guy image."
- Waldman, Alison. "Two River Theater hosts patrons at builders' preview Red Bank's new showplace gets rave reviews", Asbury Park Press, May 6, 2005. Accessed July 15, 2012. "The complex also contains a 99-seat black box theater, the Marion Huber Theater, for small performances and events."
- Berry, Coleen Dee. "Out of Mothballs, Awaiting Ice". The New York Times. January 8, 2009. Accessed July 10, 2012. "Iceboating is so firmly entrenched in Red Bank that the borough's official seal contains an image of an iceboat."
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- Herget, Alison. "Red Bank's streets slated to light up with holiday music", Asbury Park Press, November 17, 2005. Accessed May 9, 2012. "Between 5000 and 7000 people attend the free concert and decoration lighting each year, said Tricia Rumola, executive director of the RiverCenter, an alliance of downtown property owners, residents and business owners."
- Staff. "Red Bank's First Night returns to ring in 2001 After a year off, New Year's Eve celebration will be better than ever, organizers say", The Hub, November 29, 2000. Accessed July 15, 2012.
- La Gorce, Tammy. "A Town Celebration, Fireworks and All", The New York Times, June 24, 2011. Accessed July 22, 2015.
- Stratton, Brad. "Generals adjusting to new level of play Red Bank's Bantam hockey team competing with physically superior opponents in travel league". Asbury Park Press. January 2, 2004. Accessed July 10, 2012. "The Bantam A is one of the 13 teams that make up the Red Bank Generals, the official travel ice hockey club of the Red Bank Armory."
- Collura, Heather. "Classic race returns to Red Bank", Asbury Park Press, June 9, 2006. Accessed July 15, 2012. "The event has been named one of the Top 100 Road Races by Runner's World magazine and the Best Memorial Race in New Jersey by the New York Times."
- Robbins, Jim; and Hinck, penny. "Annual George Sheehan Event is Exceptionally Classic", Atlantic Highlands Herald, June 17, 2012. Accessed July 15, 2012. "Twelve hundred and 96 (1296) road racers competed in the annual George Sheehan Classic 5K (previously a five-mile race) on a course that starts and finishes on Broad Street in Red Bank, continues onto Red Bank's Bergen, Silverton, Prospect Streets then onto Harding Road where the racers are confronted with challenging Tower Hill, on the sunny, windless, warm, great-running-weather morning of June 16."
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- District information for Red Bank Borough Public School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
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- Red Bank Regional High School 2014 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 15, 2016. "Red Bank Regional High School is a comprehensive and diverse secondary school that offers a multitude of rigorous academic and extra-curricular programs for the student body which numbers 1,244. The constituent sending districts include Little Silver, Red Bank Borough and Shrewsbury. The district also accepts students on a tuition basis who may be interested in one of three specialized academies of study."
- Martin, Patti. "A Day in the Life of Red Bank Regional High School", Asbury Park Press, March 30, 2007. Accessed September 1, 2014. "Located in Little Silver, RBR, as the school is commonly referred to, is the home school to students from Little Silver, Red Bank and Shrewsbury."
- Academy of Visual and Performing Arts Frequently Asked Questions, Red Bank Regional High School. Accessed September 1, 2014.
- About the Board of Education, Red Bank Regional High School District. Accessed January 21, 2017. "The Board of Education is composed of nine citizens elected from our constituent districts. Representatives are elected on the basis of constituent population - two from Little Silver, five from Red Bank, and two from Shrewsbury."
- School data for Red Bank Regional High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 12, 2016.
- About RBCS, Red Bank Charter School. Accessed May 9, 2012.
- About RBC, Red Bank Catholic High School. Accessed October 7, 2014.
- About St. James, Saint James Elementary School. Accessed October 7, 2014.
- School Directory, Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. Accessed October 7, 2014.
- Monmouth County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Travel Resources: Interchanges, Service Areas & Commuter Lots, New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Accessed October 21, 2013.
- Red Bank station, NJ Transit. Accessed October 21, 2013.
- North Jersey Coast Line, NJ Transit. Accessed October 21, 2013.
- Monmouth County Bus / Rail connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 17, 2010. Accessed May 9, 2012.
- "Our History". Riverview Medical Center. Accessed May 9, 2012.
- Steinberg, Kimberley. " The 'Kid from Red Bank' is back where he belongs; Basie bust gets prominent spot at train station", The Hub, October 8, 2009. Accessed October 8, 2013. "The bronze bust of the Count, sculpted by New Jersey artist Brian Hanlon, has been housed at the Visitors Center at the Red Bank Train Station for the past few years. 'When first commissioned in 2004 to commemorate the Count's 100th birthday, the original plan called for the Basie statue to be displayed outdoors on the train station plaza,' said Councilman Arthur V. Murphy III, who served as the emcee for the ceremony.... Basie remembered his hometown when he recorded 'The Kid from Red Bank' and 'The Red Bank Boogie,' both of which were played during the ceremony."
- Thurber, James. "Memoirs of a Drudge", The New Yorker, October 3, 1942.
- Itzkoff, Dave (February 3, 2012). "Cameras Invade a Paradise for Fanboys". The New York Times.
- Giles, Keith (May 1, 2001). "Kevin Smith Interview". Comic Book Resources.
- "Jay and Silent Bob's Secret Stash". Accessed July 10, 2012.
- Lussier, Germain; Harris, Karen; Rothman, Robin A.; and Tomcho, Sandy. "The Top 10 Drives of 2006". Times Herald-Record. January 5, 2007. Accessed May 9, 2012. "This year, he hosted Vulgarthon 2006 in Red Bank, where two theaters full of Smith fans enjoyed early screenings of Smith's latest film, Clerks 2 and his latest acting effort, Catch and Release, to be released Jan. 26, among other things."
- Staff. "No Typing Required; Insiders Say Teenage Aide Marion Fahnestock Wasn't JFK's Only Office Fling", People, June 2, 2003, Vol. 59, No. 21. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Born Marion Beardsley and nicknamed Mimi, the Red Bank, N.J., native attended Miss Porter's School—the elite Farmington, Conn., alma mater of Jacqueline Kennedy."
- Assemblyman Michael J. Arnone, New Jersey Legislature, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 6, 2004. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Red Bank Mayor 1978–90; Red Bank Fire and Police Commissioner 1970–73; Red Bank Council 1969–73; Red Bank Zoning Board Chair 1969"
- Staff. "Death of Daniel Asay. Mr. Asay Was in His 83d Year and He Had Lived at Red Bank Nearly All His Life. Death Was Due to a General Breakdown", Red Bank Register, May 7, 1930. Accessed December 2, 2013. "Mr. Asay was born at Wrightstown, a son of the late Edward P. and Hannah Van Note Asay."
- Staff. "The Painting World of James Avati", Atlanticville, July 28, 2011. Accessed September 21, 2015. "The Monmouth Museum is hosting an exhibit of paintings by Red Bank native James Avati, the pre-eminent painter of paperback book covers in the second half of the 20th century."
- Staff. "KISS PUCKERS UP FOR THE '90S: THE GHOULISH POP-METAL BAND IS BACK, WOWING THREE GENERATIONS AT ONCE." The Philadelphia Inquirer. July 1, 1996. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Bach has driven all the way from his home in Red Bank, N.J., and is clearly stoked for the return of one of the most flamboyant acts in rock."
- Count Basie "One More Time!", accessed November 28, 2006.
- Staff. "SEPT. 11 ACTIVIST BAUER WEDS JUDGE", Red Bank Green, October 9, 2007. Accessed August 31, 2016. "The paper reports that Bauer, of Red Bank, wed U.S. Bankruptcy Court Judge Donald H. Steckroth in a ceremony held Saturday at Georgian Court College. Bauer, 51, grew up in Middletown and was a Rumson resident when her first husband, David Bauer, died in the terror attacks."
- Assemblywoman Beck's Legislative Website, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed August 1, 2007.
- Chesek, Tom. "RED BANK 'N BLACK, PERFECT TOGETHER", Red Bank Green, July 25, 2012. Accessed September 21, 2015. "redbankgreen: It is customary, whenever someone from our neck of the weeds talks to Clint Black, to remind you once again that you were born in Long Branch, New Jersey and Wikipedia even says you lived your first few months in Red Bank.... CLINT BLACK: It's nice to be claimed!... The people around me knew of the New Jersey connection, but not necessarily the Red Bank area connection."
- Pete Capella, Behind the Voice Actors. Accessed September 21, 2015.
- "In Memoriam: Edmund Slocum Crelin Jr., Created First Anatomical Atlas of Newborn Infants", YaleNews, June 24, 2004. Accessed September 21, 2014. "Born in Red Bank, N.J. to the late Agatha Bublin Crelin and Edmund S. Crelin Sr., Crelin was valedictorian of his 1942 senior class at Red Bank High School."
- John P. Curley, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Prior to his election as a freeholder, Mr. Curley served as a councilman in Red Bank, was a member of the Red Bank Zoning Board of Adjustment and was council liaison to the local Planning Board, the Historic Preservation Commission, Special Improvement District and the Public Works Committee."
- Sean Dawkins, NFL.com. Accessed September 21, 2015.
- Mittan, Barry. "DeFazio Hopes Third Time's the Charm", Golden Skate, April 15, 2007. Accessed September 21, 2015. "David DeFazio, an American from Red Bank, New Jersey, hopes to be successful in ice dancing competing for Switzerland with Nora von Bergen."
- Chesek, Tom. "ARCHIVE: A Sneak Preview in Circuit City", Upper Wet Side, April 22, 2011. Accessed September 22, 2015. "Red Bank area native, movie actor and filmmaker Peter Dobson directing his project EXIT 102, which climaxes a daylong REELS & WHEELS event at various venues in Asbury Park.... PETER DOBSON: I was born in Riverview Hospital; lived on West Front Street out by River Plaza.... I went to Lincroft Elementary, Thompson Junior High and Middletown High School South — where I spent two years in tenth grade. I also lived for a while in Loch Arbour, so I have very vivid memories of hanging out in Asbury Park."
- Moon, Eileen. Legendary Locals of red Bank, p. 35. Arcadia Publishing, 2014. ISBN 978-1-4671-0095-3. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Among the most influential citizens in the history of Red Bank was Sigmund, an immigrant who built a manufacturing empire but who also helped build a community. Born in Bohemia in 1859, he settled in Red Bank in 1881."
- "Professor Emeritus Sigmund Eisner", Arizona Daily Star, December 22, 2012. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Sig was born in Red Bank, New Jersey on December 9, 1920, and was raised with his brother in the San Francisco Bay Area."
- "DIPLOMAT, LAWYER; U. S. Envoy to Turkey During First World War Succumbs in Red Bank, N. J., at 80 WAS PROSECUTOR, JUDGE Triangle Fire Inquiry Counsel Framed 35 Laws on Child Labor and Other Problems", The New York Times, October 16, 1947. Accessed September 21, 2015. "RED BANK, N. J., Oct. 15 – Abram I. Elkus of New York, former United States Ambassador to Turkey, died here at eight o'clock tonight in his summer home after a long illness."
- Cotter, Kelly-Jane. "The Year in Entertainment", Asbury Park Press, December 27, 2009. Accessed December 27, 2010.
- Horner, Shirley. "ABOUT BOOKS". The New York Times, October 3, 1993. Accessed May 9, 2012. "Timothy Thomas Fortune, a pioneering black journalist, who went on to start 'The New York Age,' once the nation's leading black newspaper, moved to Red Bank in 1901. His Red Bank home, Maple Hill, is a National Historic Landmark."
- The 1999 Pulitzer Prize Winners, Criticism: Blair Kamin biography, The Pulitzer Prizes. Accessed June 20, 2014. "Blair Kamin is a native of Red Bank, New Jersey."
- Jake Kalish, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed January 25, 2017.
- Velazquez, Eric. "Athlete Profile: Chris Lieto", PowerBar. Accessed April 14, 2011. "Birthplace: Red Bank, New Jersey"
- Drape, Joe. "COLLEGE FOOTBALL; Penn State Batters Buckeyes to Win". The New York Times. October 17, 1999. Accessed May 9, 2012. "The Buckeyes began the afternoon swarming. Three quarters later, after being pinballed about by McCoo, a native of Red Bank, N.J., they looked as if they were rooted in the Beaver Stadium grass and McCoo was watering them."
- Spahr, Rob. "19-year-old Socialist takes seat on Red Bank Regional's Board of Education", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, January 5, 2013. Accessed October 29, 2015. "Pat Noble is not your average teenager.The 19-year-old Red Bank resident dedicates most of his time to either working full time as a clerk in a Little Silver pharmacy or with a political organization he helped found."
- "Justice O'Hern Celebrates 70th Birthday and Retirement from NJ Supreme Court", New Jersey Supreme Court press release. Accessed June 4, 2008. "His rich history of public service includes serving as a councilman in Red Bank and then as mayor."
- Assembly Member Michael J. 'Mike' Panter, Project Vote Smart. Accessed August 9, 2007.
- Staff. "A Correction". The New York Times. May 15, 1966. Accessed December 27, 2010.
- Stravelli, Gloria. "Drawing children into the magic of Christmas: Red Bank artist and author's story has become a holiday classic", Examiner, December 26, 2002. Accessed December 29, 2007.
- Staff. Biography: Lori Rom, TV.com. Accessed December 27, 2010.
- Lustig, Jay. "Revisiting E Street: Ex-Springsteen sideman looks forward to Shore gig", The Star-Ledger, July 15, 2005. Accessed July 30, 2007. "Sancious lived in Red Bank in the late '70s, before relocating to his current hometown, Woodstock, N.Y."
- Natalie Schafer from TV.com, accessed November 28, 2006.
- Hahnen, Gretchen (1948). "Biography of Eddie August Schneider (1911–1940) written by Gretchen Hahnen (1902–1986) to accompany his papers deposited at the George H. Williams, World War I Aviation Library at the University of Texas at Dallas".
... his family moved to Red Bank, New Jersey where he attended grade school.
- Chanko, Kenneth M. "A Lot Happens at a Convenience Store". The New York Times. October 16, 1994. Accessed May 9, 2012. "Earlier this month, the film maker, who recently moved into an apartment in Red Bank, returned to Leonardo to shoot a music video for Soul Asylum's "Can't Even Tell", a song that appears on the Clerks soundtrack."
- Via Associated Press. "Heart Trouble Contributed To Engineer's Death: Series of Investigations Under Way In New Jersey Rail Disaster; Death Toll 21", The Washington Observer, September 17, 1958. Accessed July 4, 2011. Noted: The identified bodies included that "of George (Snuffy) Stirnweiss, 39, former New York Yankee second baseman and father of six children. He had caught the train at the last moment in his home town of Red Bank."
- Menand, Louis. "Missionary: Edmund Wilson and American culture.", The New Yorker, August 8, 2005. Accessed August 9, 2007. "He liked to say that he was a man of the nineteenth century —he was born in 1895, in Red Bank, New Jersey—and to explain that his values and assumptions, his whole understanding of literary and intellectual life, were products of a particular moment."
- Kimmelman, Michael. "David Wojnarowicz, 37, Artist in Many Media", The New York Times, July 24, 1992. Accessed January 15, 2015. "An abused child and a teen-age street hustler, Mr. Wojnarowicz made much of his personal history in the social margins in his art and writings. He was born in Red Bank, N.J., ran away from home, lived on the streets, and eventually graduated from the High School of Music and Art in Manhattan."
- Meehan, Thomas (May 16, 1976). "At last the star of the show; Smart Aleck". The New York Times. Accessed December 27, 2010.
- Amorosi, A. D. "20 Questions: David Wyndorf", Philadelphia City Paper, July 30, 1998. Accessed June 26, 2008. "I rang Wyndorf at his home in Red Bank, New Jersey, for the answer."
- Olivier, Bobby. "Must-hear N.J.: Young Rising Sons return home with major record deal", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, December 9, 2014. Accessed May 15, 2016. "Young Rising Sons, a buoyant pop-rock band from Red Bank, were one of those hopeful groups for five years, playing the New Jersey-New York circuit and waiting for the stars to align. "
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Red Bank, New Jersey.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Red Bank.|
- Borough of Red Bank official website
- Red Bank Borough Public Schools
- Red Bank Green, Hyperlocal news and features
- Red Bank, New Jersey history
- Red Bank RiverCenter
- Community website for Red Bank, New Jersey
||Middletown Township||Fair Haven|
|Tinton Falls||Shrewsbury Township|