The Red Bull MotoGP Rookies Cup is a 250cc class of KTM motorcycle, ridden by up and coming motorcycle riders that have not had experience in a Motorcycle Grand Prix previously. Prior to the 2013 season, a 2-stroke KTM RC 125cc engine was used. The class was founded in 2007, and since then a number of the rookies have progressed through to the 125/Moto3 championship in MotoGP. These include 2008 runner-up Luis Salom, 2009 champion Jakub Kornfeil 2010 runner-up Danny Kent and 2011 runner-up Arthur Sissis.
In 2012, ex Rookies Kent and Sissis rode for the Red Bull KTM Ajo Motorsport Team in the Moto3 World Championship with Kent winning GPs in Japan and Valencia and Sissis finishing 3rd in the Australian GP. Ex Rookie Salom finished 2nd in the 2012 championship following wins in Indianapolis and Aragon and a total of 8 rostrum places for the season.
2013 sees a change of machinery to the 4-stroke Moto3 specification KTM 250 RBR. Florian Alt, the 2012 Rookies Cup champion, moves up to the Moto3 class for 2013 with fellow alumnae Philipp Öttl (4th), Livio Loi (11th) and Lorenzo Baldassarri (Cup winner in 2011 and 8th in 2012).