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Red Clay

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Red Clay
Studio album by
ReleasedMay 1970 [1]
RecordedJanuary 27–29, 1970
StudioVan Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, NJ
GenreJazz fusion, soul jazz
Length38:57 (original LP)
CTI 6001
ProducerCreed Taylor
Freddie Hubbard chronology
The Hub of Hubbard
Red Clay
Sing Me a Song of Songmy

Red Clay is an album recorded in 1970 by jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard.[2][3] It was his first album on Creed Taylor's CTI label and marked a shift toward the soul-jazz fusion sounds that would dominate his recordings in the later part of the decade. It entered at number 20 on Billboard’s Top 20 Best Selling Jazz LPs, on June 20, 1970.


Professional ratings
Review scores
The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings[6]
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide[5]

Bill Milkowski of JazzTimes commented: "...Red Clay, an album that would not only define Hubbard’s direction over the next decade while setting the template for all future CTI recordings, but would also have a dramatic impact on a generation of trumpet players coming up in the ’70s. ’Red Clay’ would become Hubbard’s signature tune throughout his career."[7] Thom Jurek of AllMusic stated: "This may be Freddie Hubbard's finest moment as a leader, in that it embodies and utilizes all of his strengths as a composer, soloist, and frontman. On Red Clay, Hubbard combines hard bop's glorious blues-out past with the soulful innovations of mainstream jazz in the 1960s, and reads them through the chunky groove innovations of '70s jazz fusion... This is a classic, hands down."[4] Tom Moon, in 1,000 Recordings to Hear Before You Die, wrote that "Red Clay is one of those records that mucks up the neat evolution narrative of jazz."[8]

Track listing[edit]

All compositions by Freddie Hubbard except where noted

  1. "Red Clay" - 12:11
  2. "Delphia" - 7:23
  3. "Suite Sioux" - 8:38
  4. "The Intrepid Fox" - 10:45
  5. "Cold Turkey" (John Lennon) - 10:27 (recorded at original session - not released until CD issue)
  6. "Red Clay" [Live] - 18:44 Bonus track on the 2001 and 2010 CD releases
  • Recorded at Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, January 27–29, 1970 except track 6 recorded live at the Southgate Palace in Los Angeles on July 19, 1971.


Track 6 Additional Personnel[edit]


  1. ^ Billboard June 20, 1970
  2. ^ Larkin, Colin (1999). The Virgin encyclopedia of jazz. Virgin. p. 423. ISBN 9781852277543. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  3. ^ Liebman, Dave (2012). What It Is: The Life of a Jazz Artist. Scarecrow Press. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-8108-8254-6. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  4. ^ a b Jurek, Thom (2011). "Red Clay - Freddie Hubbard AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
  5. ^ Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 106. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
  6. ^ Cook, Richard; Morton, Brian (2008). The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings (9th ed.). Penguin. p. 732. ISBN 978-0-141-03401-0.
  7. ^ Milkowski, Bill (9 August 2010). "Freddie Hubbard: Red Clay". JazzTimes. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  8. ^ Moon, Tom (2008). 1,000 Recordings to Hear Before You Die. Workman Publishing. p. 372. ISBN 978-0-7611-5385-6. Retrieved 16 December 2019. Red Clay - freddie hubbard.