Red Deer, Alberta

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Red Deer
City
City of Red Deer
Aerial view of downtown Red Deer
Aerial view of downtown Red Deer
Coat of arms of Red Deer
Official logo of Red Deer
Motto(s): 
Education, Industry and Progress
City boundaries
City boundaries
Red Deer is located in Alberta
Red Deer
Red Deer
Location in Alberta
Red Deer is located in Canada
Red Deer
Red Deer
Location in Canada
Red Deer is located in Red Deer County
Red Deer
Red Deer
Location in Red Deer County
Coordinates: 52°16′05″N 113°48′40″W / 52.26806°N 113.81111°W / 52.26806; -113.81111Coordinates: 52°16′05″N 113°48′40″W / 52.26806°N 113.81111°W / 52.26806; -113.81111
CountryCanada
ProvinceAlberta
Planning regionRed Deer
Municipal districtRed Deer County
Founded1882
Incorporated[1] 
 • VillageMay 31, 1894
 • TownJune 12, 1901
 • CityMarch 25, 1913
Named forRed Deer River
Government
 • MayorKen Johnston
 • Governing body
  • Kraymer Barnstable
  • Bruce Buruma
  • Michael Dawe
  • Victor Doerksen
  • Vesna Higham
  • Cindy Jeffries
  • Lawrence Lee
  • Dianne Wyntjes
 • City ManagerAllan Seabrooke
 • MPsEarl Dreeshen (CPC),
Blaine Calkins (CPC)
 • MLAsJason Stephan (UCP),
Adriana LaGrange (UCP)
Area
 (2021)[3]
 • Land104.34 km2 (40.29 sq mi)
 • Urban
65.93 km2 (25.46 sq mi)
 • Metro
104.34 km2 (40.29 sq mi)
Elevation855 m (2,805 ft)
Population
 (2021)[7][8]
 • City100,844
 • Density966.5/km2 (2,503/sq mi)
 • Urban
99,846
 • Urban density1,514.4/km2 (3,922/sq mi)
 • Metro
100,844
 • Metro density966.5/km2 (2,503/sq mi)
 • Municipal census (2019)
101,002[5]
 • Estimate (2020)
106,736[6]
Demonym(s)Red Deerian[9]
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Forward sortation areas
Area code(s)403, 587, 825, 368
Highways2, 2A, 11, 11A, 595
WaterwaysRed Deer River, Waskasoo Creek, Piper Creek
Websitereddeer.ca

Red Deer is a city in Alberta, Canada, located midway on the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor. Red Deer serves central Alberta,[10] and key industries include health care, retail trade, construction, oil and gas, hospitality, manufacturing and education.[11] It is surrounded by Red Deer County and borders on Lacombe County. The city is located in aspen parkland, a region of rolling hills, alongside the Red Deer River.

History[edit]

The area was inhabited by First Nations including the Blackfoot, Plains Cree and Stoney before the arrival of European fur traders in the late eighteenth century.[12] A First Nations trail ran from the Montana Territory across the Bow River near present-day Calgary and on to Fort Edmonton, later known as the Calgary and Edmonton Trail. The trail crossed the Red Deer River at a wide, stony shallows. The “Old Red Deer Crossing” is 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) upstream from the present-day city.

Cree people called the river Waskasoo Seepee, which means "Elk River." European arrivals sometimes called North American elk "red deer," after the related Eurasian species, and later named the community after the river. The name for the modern city in Plains Cree is a calque of the English name (mihkwâpisimosos, literally "red type of deer"), while the name of the river itself is still wâwâskêsiw-sîpiy or "elk river."

Jasper.Wapiti-Hirsch.P1033401.jpg

First Nations on the north side of the river entered into Treaty 6 in 1876, and on the south side, Treaty 7 in 1877. Farmers and ranchers began to settle on the fertile lands.

A trading post and stopping house were built at the Crossing in 1882. This became Fort Normandeau during the 1885 North-West Rebellion.

Leonard Gaetz

One early settler, Leonard Gaetz, gave a half-share of 1,240 acres (5.0 km2) he had acquired to the Calgary and Edmonton Railway to develop a bridge over the river and a townsite. As a result, the Crossing was gradually abandoned. The first trains arrived in 1891.

Gaetz founded the Westerner showgrounds and annual "Westerner Days," akin to the Calgary Stampede.

1900 to 1929

Red Deer saw major settlement in the early 1900s. In 1901, when Red Deer was incorporated as a town, the population stood at 343. Red Deer developed as an agricultural service and distribution centre. In 1907, it became a major divisional point for the Canadian Pacific Railway. By March 25, 1913, when Red Deer was incorporated as a city, the population had jumped to nearly 2,800.

Following World War I, Red Deer emerged as a small, quiet, but prosperous, prairie city. Bird watcher and citizen scientist Elsie Cassels helped to establish the Gaetz Lakes bird sanctuary.[13]

1930 to 1945

During Great Depression of the 1930s, Central Alberta was not hit by severe drought. The city was virtually debt-free and profited from its ownership of the local public utilities.

In World War II, a large army training camp was located where Cormack Armoury, the Memorial Centre and Lindsay Thurber High School are now. Two training airfields were built south of the city at Penhold and Bowden.

Post–Second World War

Red Deer expanded rapidly following the major discovery of hydrocarbons in Alberta in the late 1940s. Red Deer became a centre for oil and gas and related industries, such as the Joffre Cogeneration Plant.

Government and administrative services include a hospital, a courthouse and a provincial building.[14][15][16]

The railway moved to the outskirts and passenger train service ceased. The CPR bridge is now a walking trail.

Red Deer was Alberta's third largest city between 1981 and 2019, when Lethbridge regained this status.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Red Deer has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), with something of a semi-arid influence due to city's location within Palliser's Triangle. The highest temperature ever recorded in Red Deer was 37.2 °C (99 °F) on 8 July 1906,[17] 2 July 1924,[18] and 28 & 29 June 1937.[19] The coldest recorded temperature was −50.6 °C (−59 °F) on 17 December 1924.[20] The city lies in the 4a plant hardiness zone.[21] Summers are typically warm and rainy with cool nights. Winters are typically long, cold, and very dry.

Climate data for Red Deer, 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1904−present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 10.5 17.3 24.8 28.2 37.0 35.0 38.5 37.1 34.2 27.8 21.7 14.8 38.5
Record high °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
18.0
(64.4)
24.8
(76.6)
32.8
(91.0)
33.3
(91.9)
37.2
(99.0)
37.2
(99.0)
36.1
(97.0)
35.0
(95.0)
29.4
(84.9)
22.8
(73.0)
16.5
(61.7)
37.2
(99.0)
Average high °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
2.9
(37.2)
11.3
(52.3)
16.8
(62.2)
20.5
(68.9)
23.1
(73.6)
22.5
(72.5)
17.3
(63.1)
11.2
(52.2)
1.3
(34.3)
−3.2
(26.2)
9.8
(49.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −10.2
(13.6)
−7.7
(18.1)
−2.9
(26.8)
4.8
(40.6)
10.3
(50.5)
14.5
(58.1)
16.8
(62.2)
15.9
(60.6)
10.8
(51.4)
5.0
(41.0)
−3.8
(25.2)
−8.5
(16.7)
3.7
(38.7)
Average low °C (°F) −16.0
(3.2)
−13.7
(7.3)
−8.7
(16.3)
−1.7
(28.9)
3.7
(38.7)
8.4
(47.1)
10.5
(50.9)
9.2
(48.6)
4.3
(39.7)
−1.3
(29.7)
−8.8
(16.2)
−13.8
(7.2)
−2.3
(27.9)
Record low °C (°F) −46.7
(−52.1)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−40.6
(−41.1)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−12.8
(9.0)
−6.1
(21.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
−12.8
(9.0)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−37.2
(−35.0)
−50.6
(−59.1)
−50.6
(−59.1)
Record low wind chill −60.0 −54.0 −50.0 −39.0 −21.0 −7.0 0.0 −5.0 −14.0 −38.0 −49.0 −57.0 −60.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22.2
(0.87)
13.1
(0.52)
21.2
(0.83)
21.5
(0.85)
55.8
(2.20)
89.3
(3.52)
96.6
(3.80)
63.1
(2.48)
51.1
(2.01)
20.7
(0.81)
17.7
(0.70)
14.1
(0.56)
486.3
(19.15)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.1
(0.00)
0.2
(0.01)
0.8
(0.03)
12.9
(0.51)
51.9
(2.04)
89.3
(3.52)
96.6
(3.80)
63.1
(2.48)
48.7
(1.92)
14.6
(0.57)
1.8
(0.07)
0.4
(0.02)
380.4
(14.98)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 22.1
(8.7)
12.9
(5.1)
20.4
(8.0)
8.5
(3.3)
3.9
(1.5)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.4
(0.9)
6.1
(2.4)
15.8
(6.2)
13.7
(5.4)
105.9
(41.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 7.9 5.7 6.4 5.8 11.1 15.4 14.2 13.0 11.1 6.6 6.7 6.0 110.0
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.08 0.15 0.54 4.0 10.6 15.4 14.2 13.0 10.9 4.9 0.96 0.19 74.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 7.9 5.5 6.0 2.4 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.38 2.1 6.0 5.9 37.1
Source: Environment Canada[22][17][18][20][19][23][24] Humidex/Winchill from Red Deer Regional Airport.[25]

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Red Deer includes the following neighbourhoods:[26]

  • Anders Park
  • Anders Park East
  • Anders South
  • Aspen Ridge
  • Bower
  • Bower Ponds Recreation Area
  • Central Park
  • Chiles Industrial Park
  • Clearview Extension
  • Clearview Meadows
  • Clearview Ridge
  • College Park
  • Davenport
  • Deer Park Estates
  • Deer Park Village
  • Devonshire
  • Downtown
  • East Burnt Lake
  • Eastview
  • Eastview Estates
  • Edgar Industrial Park
  • Evergreen
  • Fairview
  • Gaetz Lakes Sanctuary
  • Garden Heights
  • Glendale
  • Glendale Park Estates
  • Golden West
  • Grandview
  • Heritage Ranch
  • Highland Green
  • Highland Green Estates
  • Inglewood
  • Ironstone
  • Johnstone Crossing
  • Johnstone Park
  • Kentwood East
  • Kentwood West
  • Kingsgate
  • Lancaster Green
  • Lancaster Meadows
  • Laredo
  • Lonsdale
  • Maskepetoon Park
  • McKenzie Trail Recreation Area
  • Michener Hill
  • Morrisroe
  • Morrisroe Extension
  • Mountview
  • Normandeau
  • Northlands Industrial Park
  • Oriole Park
  • Oriole Park West
  • Parkvale
  • Pines
  • Queens Business Park
  • Red Deer College
  • Red Deer Golf and Country Club
  • Riverlands
  • Riverside Heavy Industrial Park
  • Riverside Light Industrial Park
  • Riverside Meadows
  • Rosedale Estates
  • Rosedale Meadows
  • South Hill
  • Southbrook
  • Southpointe Junction
  • Sunnybrook
  • Sunnybrook Extension
  • Three Mile Bend Recreation Area
  • Timber Ridge
  • Timberlands
  • Timberstone
  • Vanier Woods
  • Vanier Woods East
  • Waskasoo
  • Waste Management Facility
  • West Burnt Lake
  • West Park
  • West QE2
  • Westerner Park
  • Westlake
  • Woodlea

Demographics[edit]

Federal census
population history
YearPop.±%
1901323—    
19061,418+339.0%
19112,118+49.4%
19162,203+4.0%
19212,328+5.7%
19262,021−13.2%
19312,344+16.0%
19362,384+1.7%
19412,924+22.7%
19464,042+38.2%
19517,575+87.4%
195612,338+62.9%
196119,612+59.0%
196626,171+33.4%
197127,674+5.7%
197632,184+16.3%
198146,393+44.1%
198654,425+17.3%
199158,145+6.8%
199660,075+3.3%
200167,707+12.7%
200682,772+22.3%
201190,564+9.4%
2016100,418+10.9%
Source: Statistics Canada
[27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37]
[38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47][48][49]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the City of Red Deer had a population of 100,844 living in 40,512 of its 43,404 total private dwellings, a change of 0.4% from its 2016 population of 100,418. With a land area of 104.34 km2 (40.29 sq mi), it had a population density of 966.5/km2 (2,503.2/sq mi) in 2021.[3]

At the census metropolitan area (CMA) level in the 2021 census, the Red Deer CMA similarly had a population of 100,844 living in 40,512 of its 43,404 total private dwellings, a change of 0.4% from its 2016 population of 100,418. With a land area of 104.34 km2 (40.29 sq mi), it had a population density of 966.5/km2 (2,503.2/sq mi) in 2021.[8]

The population of the City of Red Deer according to its 2019 municipal census is 101,002,[5] a change of 1.2% from its 2016 municipal census population of 99,832.[50]

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the City of Red Deer had a population of 100,418 living in 39,982 of its 42,285 total private dwellings, a change of 10.9% from its 2011 population of 90,564. With a land area of 104.73 km2 (40.44 sq mi), it had a population density of 958.8/km2 (2,483.4/sq mi) in 2016.[49]

Also in the 2016 census, 15.2% of the general population identified as visible minority (non-aboriginal), an increase of 55.9% over the previous five years.[51] A separate 7.1% reported North American Aboriginal Origins (4.2% First Nations and 3.1% Métis).[52]


Arts and culture[edit]

Red Deer hosts many arts and cultural groups, including: Central Alberta Theatre, Ignition Theatre, Red Deer Players Society, Bull Skit Comedy troupe, Central Music Festival, the Red Deer Symphony Orchestra, the Red Deer Museum + Art Gallery, the Red Deer Royals and other performing arts and fine arts organizations. The Red Deer Arts Council[53] is a member-based Multi-disciplinary Arts Service Organization and registered charity that serves the local and area community of visual, literary and performing artists.

Attractions[edit]

Alberta Sports Hall of Fame

The Alberta Sports Hall of Fame is adjacent to the Queen Elizabeth II Highway (Highway 2) and the Greater Red Deer Visitor Centre.

Canyon Ski Resort

The Canyon Ski Resort is located 7.5 km (4.7 mi) east of Red Deer.

Peavey Mart Centrium

The Centrium hosts sports events, concerts, trade shows and conventions. It is the home of the WHL’s Red Deer Rebels.

G.H. Dawe Community Centre

The 12,000 m2 (130,000 sq ft) G.H. Dawe Community Centre is shared by G.H. Dawe Community School, the G.H. Dawe Branch of the Red Deer Public Library, G.H. Dawe Centre Recreation Facility and St. Patrick's School.

Greater Red Deer Visitor Centre

The Greater Red Deer Visitor Centre is adjacent to the Queen Elizabeth II Highway (Highway 2) and the Alberta Sports Hall of Fame.

Recreation Centre

The Recreation Centre, located downtown, has indoor and outdoor pools, steam rooms and hot tubs among other features.

Red Deer Museum + Art Gallery

The Red Deer Museum has a permanent exhibit detailing the history of the region, and temporary exhibits that change every few months. It is also the venue of multiple educational programs for both adults and children.

Waskasoo Park

Waskasoo Park meanders through Red Deer from its outskirts in the southwest, through the heart of the city, to its outskirts in the northeast along the Red Deer River. It includes over 80 kilometres (50 miles) of multi-use trails for biking, rollerblading, horseback riding, snowshoeing, cross-country skiing and walking. The park is one of the reasons Red Deer is known as "Park City."

Westerner Exposition Grounds

The Westerner Exposition Grounds hosts events such as Agricon and Westerner Days. Held in early July, Westerner Days includes a rodeo, pony chuck-wagon racing, a fair, exhibitions and other events.

Sports[edit]

The Red Deer Rebels of the Western Hockey League play at the Peavey Mart Centrium, and hosted the 2016 Memorial Cup. Red Deer will be the sole host the Hlinka Gretzky Cup in August 2022, after it hosted games for the COVID-interrupted 2022 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships, now re-scheduled to Edmonton.[54] Red Deer hosted games for the 2018 Hlinka Gretzky Cup, and the 1995 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships. In 2018, Red Deer replaced Edmonton as host of the Canadian Finals Rodeo.[55]

Red Deer hosted the 2019 Canada Winter Games, leaving the Gary W. Harris Canada Games Centre[56] at Red Deer Polytechnic and the Downtown Servus Arena as legacy facilities.

The city is the hometown to well-known sporting personalities. Olympic gold medal pairs figure skater Jamie Salé and silver medal swimmer Rebecca Smith are from Red Deer. Olympic silver medalist speed skater Jeremy Wotherspoon also spent most of his childhood in Red Deer after being born in Saskatchewan. Olympic bronze medal aerialist Deidra Dionne grew up in Red Deer. Olympic bronze medal alpine skier Jan Hudec first immigrated to Red Deer for his father to ski coach. NHL players include Ron Anderson, Blake Wesley, Glen Wesley, Trent Hunter, Chris Mason, Randy Moller, Brandon Sutter, Paul Postma, Kris Russell, Colton Sceviour, Matt Fraser and Mark Tinordi. Hockey Night in Canada personality and Olympic host Ron MacLean calls Red Deer home.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation

The Queen Elizabeth II Highway, Alberta's busiest and most economically important, links the North-South Calgary-Edmonton Corridor, including Wetaskiwin and Camrose, with Red Deer.

The David Thompson Highway links Rocky Mountain House in the West Country with Stettler in East-Central Alberta.

Red Deer Regional Airport, in Penhold, serves mostly general aviation. It is undergoing a significant expansion.[57][58]

Red Deer Transit provides local bus service throughout the city.

Health care

Health care is provided at the Red Deer Regional Hospital.

Water

Red Deer receives its drinking water supply from the Red Deer River which is treated and distributed throughout the city.[59] One distinct feature of the water distribution system is the Horton Water Spheroid which, at the time of its construction in 1957, was the world's largest spheroid shaped reservoir.[60] Water from the Red Deer water treatment plant is distributed to neighbouring communities including Red Deer County, Lacombe, Blackfalds and Ponoka as managed by the North Red Deer Regional Water Services Commission.[61] Wastewater is collected and sent to the City of Red Deer wastewater treatment plant which treats the sewage with a combination of grit traps, a primary clarifier, biological nutrient removal bioreactors, secondary clarifiers, and UV disinfection. Solids generated from the treatment process are treated using dissolved air flotation, anaerobic digestion, and biosolids lagoons.[62] Treated effluent is then discharged back into the Red Deer River downstream of the water treatment plant.

Education[edit]

Post-secondary[edit]

Red Deer Polytechnic (RDP), formerly Red Deer College, was founded in 1964 as Red Deer Junior College. RDP offers certificates, diplomas, advanced certificates, applied degrees, bachelor's degrees, academic upgrading and apprenticeship in over 75 different career and academic programs, including the creative and liberal arts, engineering, and trades.

Secondary[edit]

Three school authorities operate in Red Deer.

Founded in 1887, the Red Deer Public School District[63] serves 10,000 students in thirty schools. Offering a wide range of programming, including French Immersion from K-12, the district not only meets the needs of children and youth from the City of Red Deer and welcomes international students from around the world. Lindsay Thurber Comprehensive High School and Hunting Hills High School provide a large number of program options for students of high school age.

Founded in 1909, when the Daughters of Wisdom, a religious order from France, accepted the challenge of the Tinchebray Fathers, also from France, to offer Catholic schooling in Red Deer, Red Deer Catholic Regional Schools (RDCRS)[64] welcomes almost 7,000 students in five Central Alberta communities, including Red Deer. They operate École Secondaire Notre Dame High School and St. Joseph's High School.

Greater North Central Francophone Education Region No. 2's school École La Prairie is a French school located near downtown Red Deer that offers pre-kindergarten through grade 9 programs. It offers all courses in French to a population of 119 students[65] whose first language is French.

Public schools
Elementary
  • Annie L. Gaetz Elementary (K–5)
  • Aspen Heights Elementary (K–5)
  • Barrie Wilson Elementary School (K–5)
  • Don Campbell Elementary (K-5)
  • Fairview Elementary (K–5)
  • G.W. Smith Elementary (K–5)
  • Gateway Christian School (K–5)
  • G.H. Dawe Community School (K–8)
  • Glendale School (K–8)
  • Grandview Elementary (K–5)
  • Joseph Welsh Elementary (K–5)
  • Mattie McCullough Elementary (K–5)
  • Mountview Elementary (K–5)
  • Normandeau School (K–8)
  • Oriole Park Elementary (K–5)
  • Pines School (K–5)
  • West Park Elementary (K–5)
Middle school
  • Central Middle School (6–8)
  • Eastview Middle School (6–8)
  • G.H. Dawe Community School (K–8)
  • Gateway Christian School (6–8)
  • Glendale School (K–8)
  • Normandeau School (K–8)
  • West Park Middle School (6–8)
Secondary/high school
  • École Secondaire Lindsay Thurber Comprehensive High School (9–12)
  • Gateway Christian School (9–12)
  • Hunting Hills High School (9–12)
  • North Cottage High School (10–12)
Catholic schools
Elementary
  • École Camille J. Lerouge School (PreK–9)
  • École Mother Teresa School (K–5)
  • École Our Lady of the Rosary School (K–2)
  • Father Henri Voisin School (PreK–5)
  • Holy Family School (PreK–5)
  • Maryview School (PreK–5)
  • St. Elizabeth Seton School (PreK–5)
  • St. Marguerite Bourgeoys School (PreK–5)
  • St. Martin de Porres School (PreK–5)
  • St. Patrick's Community School (PreK–9)
  • St. Teresa of Avila School (Prek-5)
Middle school
  • École Camille J. Lerouge School (PreK–9)
  • St. Francis of Assisi Middle School (6–9)
  • St. Patrick's Community School (PreK–9)
  • St. Thomas Aquinas Middle School (6–9)
Secondary/high school
  • École Secondaire Notre Dame High School (10–12)
  • St. Joseph's High School (10-12)
Private schools
  • Destiny Christian School Society (ECS, K–9)
  • Koinonia Christian School – Red Deer (ECS, K–12)
  • Parkland School Special Education (1–12)
  • South Side Christian School (ECS, K–12)

Media[edit]

You can get the local news from Red Deer Advocate, rdnewsNOW and Today Ville. Edmonton CTV and Global News also carry Red Deer news. The City of Red Deer also releases regular updates.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Location and History Profile: City of Red Deer" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. June 17, 2016. p. 99. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
  2. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. May 9, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities)". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  4. ^ "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF) (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 9, 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Red Deer is home to 101,002 residents". City of Red Deer. June 24, 2019. Retrieved July 1, 2021.
  6. ^ "Census Subdivision (Municipal) Population Estimates, July 1, 2016 to 2020, Alberta". Alberta Municipal Affairs. March 23, 2021. Retrieved October 7, 2021.
  7. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and population centres". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
  8. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
  9. ^ "Red Deerian Comes Out on Top". City of Red Deer. 2009-07-08. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  10. ^ "Red Deer boasts an immediate trade area of over 312,700 people...""Why Red Deer," City of Red Deer. Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  11. ^ City of Red Deer, "Key Industries," Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  12. ^ "History of Red Deer". City of Red Deer. Archived from the original on December 4, 2013. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
  13. ^ Fish, fur & feathers : fish and wildlife conservation in Alberta 1905-2005. Federation of Alberta Naturalists., Fish and Wildlife Historical Society. Edmonton: Fish and Wildlife Historical Society. 2005. ISBN 0-9696134-7-4. OCLC 62181407.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  14. ^ "Red Deer Regional Hospital Expansion". Government of Alberta. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
  15. ^ "Red Deer Justice Centre". Government of Alberta. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
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External links[edit]