Red Hat sect

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In Tibetan Buddhism, the Red Hat sect or Red Hat sects, named for the colour of the monks' hats at formal occasions, includes the three oldest of the four main schools of Tibetan Buddhism, namely:

The fourth school is Gelug and is known as the Yellow Hat sect. A minority consider only the eldest school, the Nyingma school, to be the Red Hat sect.[citation needed]

Norla Hutuktu was part of this sect.[1][2][3][4]


  1. ^ Hsaio-ting Lin (1 January 2011). Tibet and Nationalist China's Frontier: Intrigues and Ethnopolitics, 1928-49. UBC Press. pp. 94–. ISBN 978-0-7748-5988-2. 
  2. ^ American Journal of Chinese Studies. American Association for Chinese Studies. 2006. p. 222. 
  3. ^ Hsiao-ting Lin (13 September 2010). Modern China's Ethnic Frontiers: A Journey to the West. Routledge. pp. 52–. ISBN 978-1-136-92393-7. 
  4. ^ Journal of Asian History. O. Harrassowitz. 2003. p. 140.