Red Hill, Queensland
The Ithaca Town Council Chambers in Enoggera Terrace in 1920.
|Population||5,560 (2016 census)|
|• Density||3,270/km2 (8,470/sq mi)|
|Area||1.7 km2 (0.7 sq mi)|
|Location||3 km (2 mi) from Brisbane CBD|
|LGA(s)||City of Brisbane|
Red Hill is an inner suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) north-west of the Brisbane CBD. The suburb is one of the oldest in Brisbane. Red Hill got its name as a description from the steep hills which had lots of red soil and rocks.
The suburb is very hilly and mainly residential, with shops and small businesses located on Musgrave and Waterworks Roads.
The median age of the Red Hill population was 43 years, 6 years above the Australian median.
89.1% of people living in Red Hill were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were England 1.2%, South Africa 1.2%, Zambia 1.2%, Czech Republic 1.2%.
93.7% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were Italian 2.4%, Greek 2.0%, Mandarin 1.5%, French 1.2% and Cantonese 1.0%.
Circa 1880, 11 subdivided allotments of "Bristol Estate" were auctioned by J. Barger & Co. A map advertising the auction shows that the Estate is on Main Waterworks Road.
In September 1883, 35 subdivided allotments were auctioned by E. Hooker & Son. A map advertising the auction shows that the allotments are in-between Oval Road and Waterworks Road.
In November 1888, 67 subdivided allotments of "Lilley's Hill" were auctioned by W. J. Hooker. A map advertising the auction shows that the site has frontages to: Main Waterworks Road, Clifton Street, Clifton Terrace, Windsor Road, Oval (Victoria Street) Road, Prospect Terrace and Charles Street.
From 1887 Red Hill was part of Shire of Ithaca, which subsequently became the Town of Ithaca in 1903. The Ithaca Town Council was absorbed into the Brisbane City Council in 1925. The council chambers of the former Town Council were located in Enoggera Terrace and after amalgamation were used by the Brisbane City Council as a public library. The library closed in 1998.
Musgrave Road was the largest and main shopping strip before 1918, with a picture theatre, motor garage, grocers, fruiter, drapers and furniture shops.
A landmark of the suburb is St Bridget's Church, Red Hill, a Roman Catholic church, which was built in 1914. Its hilltop position and grand structure ensures that it is visible from all directions.
Red Hill has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- 44-50 Cairns Terrace: Cross Terrace
- 99 Enoggera Terrace: Ithaca Town Council Chambers
- 1 Musgrave Road: Normanby Hotel
- 6-8 Musgrave Road: Warriston
- 78 Musgrave Road: St Brigid's Church
- 9-17 Upper Clifton Terrace: St Brigid's Convent
- 101 Windsor Road: Craigerne
- 2 Enoggera Terrace: Skate Arena https://www.weekendnotes.com/red-hill-skate-arena/
Red Hill is serviced by a number of schools in the surrounding suburbs including The Petrie Terrace State School (1868) in Paddington, Kelvin Grove State College (2002) in Kelvin Grove, Red Hill Special School (1986) and Ithaca Creek State School located on Lugg St, Bardon which is one of the oldest schools in Queensland, having opened on 28 September 1885.
Bus – Red Hill is serviced by multiple council buses: the 380, 381 and 379 running along Waterworks and Musgrave Roads, the 378 running along Arthur Terrace, and the 377 running along Kennedy Terrace.
The Ithaca Bowling Club in Gilbert Park was founded in May 1930 to cater for the western suburbs, with the clubhouse opened on 9 May 1931. This clubhouse is located adjacent to the Bronco's training ground.
In popular culture
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Red Hill (Brisbane - Qld) (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- "Paddington Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
- "Local History - Red Hill". www.abc.net.au. 25 August 2006. Archived from the original on 9 July 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
- "Red Hill | Queensland Places". www.queenslandplaces.com.au. Archived from the original on 11 August 2018. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Red Hill (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- "Plan of the Bristol Estate, parish of Enoggera". State Library of Queensland. 30 April 2019. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
- "Plan of Subdivisions of Portions 576, 577, 578, 598, 599, 600, situated on Red Hill, Waterworks Road, Parish of Enoggera". State Library of Queensland. 8 September 1883. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
- "Plan of Lilley's Hill Estate". State Library of Queensland. 17 November 1888. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
- "Advertising". The Telegraph (5, 023). Queensland, Australia. 15 November 1888. p. 8. Retrieved 30 April 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Agency ID9741, Ithaca Shire Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Agency ID9635, Ithaca Town Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Red Hill". OurBrisbane.com. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
- "Cross Terrace (entry 600285)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Ithaca Town Council Chambers and Red Hill Kindergarten (former) (entry 602058)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Normanby Hotel (entry 600283)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Warriston (entry 600276)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "St Brigids Church (entry 600284)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "St Brigid's Convent (entry 601078)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Craigerne (entry 600286)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- Morris, Moorhouse. "THE LAST TRAM FROM ASHGROVE, and Other Historical Information". Ashgrove Historical Society Inc. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
- Earls, Nick (1996), Zigzag street, Anchor, ISBN 978-0-330-35533-9
- University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Red Hill
- Ithaca Creek State School
- "FROM BUSH ROADS TO CITY STREETS". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 21 June 1930. p. 11. — 1930 newspaper article on the history of Red Hill
- Facebook group of the local Red Hill community