Red Lake (Croatia)

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Red Lake
Location of Red Lake in Croatia.
Location of Red Lake in Croatia.
Red Lake
Coordinates43°27′11″N 17°11′48″E / 43.45306°N 17.19667°E / 43.45306; 17.19667Coordinates: 43°27′11″N 17°11′48″E / 43.45306°N 17.19667°E / 43.45306; 17.19667
Typeformer cave
Native nameCrveno Jezero  (Croatian)
Basin countriesCroatia
Surface area2.7 hectares (6.7 acres)[1]
Average depth245 m (804 ft)
Max. depth287 metres (942 ft)
Surface elevation522 m (1,713 ft)

Red Lake (Croatian: Crveno jezero) is a sinkhole containing a karst lake near the city of Imotski, Croatia. It is known for its numerous caves and remarkably high cliffs, reaching over 241 metres above normal water level and continuing below the water level. The total explored depth of this sinkhole is approximately 530 metres with a volume of roughly 25–30 million cubic meters,[2] thus it is the third largest sinkhole in the world.[2] Water drains out of the basin through underground waterways that descend below the level of the lake floor. The deepest known point of the lake is 4 meters below sea level.[1]

The sinkhole is named after the reddish-brown color of the surrounding cliffs,[3] colored by iron oxides.

Like the nearby Blue Lake, it is presumed that the lake emerged when the ceiling of a large cave hall collapsed.[3]

The lake is inhabited with endemic and endangered spotted minnow (Delminichthys adspersus).[4] In the dry period of the year, this fish can be occasionally seen in surrounding springs, rivers and lakes, suggesting that there is an underground connection between Red Lake and other water bodies.[2]

At the 13th International Congress of Speleology in 2001, new findings were revealed. An inflow cave-shaped canal that measured approximately 30 × 30 meters was discovered in the eastern part of the lake at a depth of 175 meters.[5]


  1. ^ a b Ozimec, Jalžić & Jelić 2017, p. 36.
  2. ^ a b c "Crveno Jezero - Red Lake". Wondermondo.
  3. ^ a b "Natural beauties". Split and Dalmatia county Tourist Board.
  4. ^ Ozimec, Jalžić & Jelić 2017, p. 38.
  5. ^ Garasic, Mladen (2001). "New Speleohydrogeological Research of Crveno jezero (Red Lake) near Imotski in Dinaric Karst Area (Croatia, Europe) - International speleodiving expedition "Crveno jezero 98"" (PDF). Croatian Speleological Association.


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