Red Line (Jerusalem Light Rail)

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Red Line (Jerusalem Light Rail)
הרכבת הקלה בירושלים
Jerusalem Light Rail02.JPG
Light Rail on Chords Bridge
Overview
TypeTram
SystemJerusalem Light Rail
StatusOpened
LocaleJerusalem
TerminiIsrael Air Force Street
Mount Herzl
Stations23
Services1 (Pisgat Ze'evMount Herzl)
Daily ridership130,000 (2013)[1]
Websitewww.citypass.co.il
Operation
OpenedAugust 19, 2011 (free trial service)
December 1, 2011 (full revenue service)
OwnerCityPass Consortium
Operator(s)CityPass
Depot(s)French Hill depot
Rolling stockAlstom Citadis 302
Technical
Line length13.8 km (8.6 mi)[2]
Number of tracks2
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC OHLE
Operating speed50 km/h (31 mph) maximum
Route map

Red Line
Leah Goldberg
Tabenkin
Neve Yaakov South
Mazal Shor
'Heil Ha-Avir
(Air Force Street)
Sayeret Duchifat
Pisgat Ze'ev Center
Yekuti'el Adam
Beit Hanina
Shuafat
Es-Sahl
depot
Giv'at HaMivtar
Ammunition Hill
Shimon HaTzadik
Shivtei Israel
Damascus Gate
Safra Square
(City Hall)
Jaffa – Center
Ha-Davidka
Mahane Yehuda Market
Ha-Turim
Central Station Israel Railways Jerusalem Central Bus Station
Kiryat Moshe
He-'Haluts
Denia Square
Yefeh Nof
Mount Herzl
Shmaryahu Levin
Haaim Habib
Haddassa Medical School
Hadassah Medical Center

The red line is the first section in operation of the tram system in Jerusalem, known as the Jerusalem Light Rail. It became fully operational on December 1, 2011. The line is 13.9 kilometers (8.6 mi) long with 23 stops. Extensions to the red line are currently under construction to the northern suburb of Neve Yaakov and to Hadassah Ein Kerem Hospital to the southwest. When completed in 2018, these will extend the line's length to 22.5 km.[3]

With a total estimated cost for the initial section of the line of 3.8 billion NIS (approx. US $1.1 billion),[4][5] the project was criticized for budget overruns, for its route serving Jewish neighborhoods in east Jerusalem and for contributing to air and noise pollution during construction.[6]

Stations[edit]

List of Jerusalem Light Rail Red Line stations[7][8][9]
Station[10][11] Street Location Neighborhood
Mount Herzl
Hebrew: הר הרצל
Herzl Boulevard Corner of HaPisga Street Bayit VeGan
Yefeh Nof
Hebrew: יפה נוף
Corner of Shmuel Bait Street Beit HaKerem
Denia Square
Hebrew: כיכר דניה
Corner of HaArazim Street at Denia Square
He-'Haluts
Hebrew: החלוץ
Corner of HeHaluts Street
Kiryat Moshe
Hebrew: קריית משה
Corner of HaRav Zvi Yehuda Street Kiryat Moshe
Central Station
Hebrew: התחנה המרכזית
Jaffa Road Across from Central Bus Station Romema[12]
Ha-Turim
Hebrew: הטורים
Near Nordau Street Mahane Yehuda
Mahane Yehuda
Hebrew: מחנה יהודה
Near Mahane Yehuda Market
Ha-Davidka
Hebrew: ה"דביד'קה"
Corner of Street of the Prophets at Davidka Square City Center
Jaffa – Center
Hebrew: יפו – מרכז
Corner of King George and Straus Streets
City Hall
Hebrew: העיריה
Near Safra Square
Damascus Gate
Hebrew: שער שכם
Heil HaHandassa Street Corner of Sultan Suleiman Street
Shivtei Israel
Hebrew: שבטי ישראל
Corner of Shivtei Israel Street Beit Yisrael
Shim'on Ha-Tsadik
Hebrew: שמעון הצדיק
Haim Bar Lev Boulevard Corner of Shimon HaTsadik Street Sheikh Jarrah
Ammunition Hill
Hebrew: גבעת התחמושת
Corner of Levi Eshkol Boulevard French Hill
Giv'at Ha-Mivtar
Hebrew: גבעת המיבתר
Shuafat Road Corner of Sheshet HaYamim Street Givat HaMivtar
Es-Sahl
Hebrew: א-סהל
Corner of Umm Al-Amed Street Shuafat
Shu'afat
Hebrew: שועפאט
Corner of Ben Rabah Street
Beit 'Hanina
Hebrew: בית חנינא
Yekutiel Adam Street Corner of Beit Hanina Street Beit Hanina
Yekuti'el Adam
Hebrew: יקותיאל אדם
Corner of Moshe Dayan Boulevard Pisgat Ze'ev
Pisgat Ze'ev Center
Hebrew: פסגת זאב מרכז
Moshe Dayan Boulevard Near Hapisga Mall
Sayeret Dukhifat
Hebrew: סיירת דוכיפת
Corner of Sayeret Dukhifat Street
'Heil Ha-Avir
Hebrew: חיל האויר
Corner of Heil HaAvir Street

Future[edit]

Initial extensions to the Red Line were planned to the neighborhoods of Neve Yaakov in Northeast Jerusalem and Ein Karem (near Hadassah Hospital) in the Southwest. Former mayor Uri Lupolianski stated that they would be completed at the same time as the rest of the line. In 2008, French company Egis Rail won an 11.9 million Euro contract to carry out some of the design work. However, in March 2009, CityPass turned down implementing the project.[13] In May 2010 the Jerusalem Municipality announced that the extensions would be built by the state authorities rather than a private company. The extension to Hadassah Hospital from Mount Herzl is particularly challenging and will involve a complex path with complicated bridging works. As of summer 2012, while works on the extension have not begun, the line's final terminal station, next to Hadassah's new inpatient building is nevertheless being built during the construction of the inpatient building – in order not to disrupt hospital operations later after the new building will be completed.[3] Also planned are branches to the Red Line that would create a "campus line" connecting the Mount Scopus and Givat Ram campuses of the Hebrew University.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gilran, Eldar (2013-08-20). "CityPass Will Pay NIS 1 Million in Fines for Delays". Israel Army Radio.
  2. ^ "Jerusalem Light Rail Project". Railway Technology. Retrieved 2008-11-22.
  3. ^ a b "Extending Light Rail to Hadassa Ein Kerem" (Press release) (in Hebrew). Jerusalem Municipality. July 12, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  4. ^ Melanie Lidman (2011-06-30). "Capital merchants struggle with endless light rail delays". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2011-07-04.
  5. ^ Hasson, Nir (2011-04-02). "Light Rail on the Way". Haaretz (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2011-04-02.
  6. ^ "Findings of the London session, 20-22 November 2010" (PDF). Russell Tribunal on Palestine. Retrieved 2011-12-30.
  7. ^ "Jerusalem Green Map: Public Transportation". Green Map. p. 1. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  8. ^ "Jerusalem Green Map: Public Transportation". Green Map. p. 2. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  9. ^ "Jerusalem Green Map: Public Transportation". Green Map. p. 3. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  10. ^ "Jerusalem Light Rail line map" (PDF). CityPass. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  11. ^ "Jerusalem Light Rail line map" (PDF) (in Hebrew). CityPass. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  12. ^ "Jerusalem Neighborhoods: Romema". Jerusalem Municipality. 2 February 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  13. ^ Bar-Gil, Doron (March 8, 2009). "CityPass Canceled Light Rail Works in Neve Ya'akov and Ein Kerem" (in Hebrew). nrg Maariv. Retrieved 2009-03-10.
  14. ^ Friedman, Ron (May 25, 2010). "Jerusalem Presents New Transport Plan". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2014-09-16.