Red Moss, Greater Manchester
Red Moss is a wetland mossland in Greater Manchester, located south of Horwich and east of Blackrod. (Grid Reference ). This is a national Site of Special Scientific Interest in the United Kingdom, due to its biodiversity and undisturbed character. Pollen analysis has revealed the first peat deposits of the northwest's mosslands to be from around 8,000 years BC making Red Moss an impressive 10,000 years old. Red Moss covers an area of 47.2 hectares. A severed female head was discovered in Red Moss in the 19th century dating from the Bronze Age or early Iron Age.
Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council owns most of the moss, but parts of the site are also owned by British Rail and United Utilities. In 1999, the Wildlife Trust for Lancashire, Manchester and North Merseyside was asked to manage the area of land owned by Bolton Council with the aim of restoring suitable water levels and conditions for the growth of mossland species.
Since 1999, the Trust has been undertaking large-scale capital works to block drainage ditches and raise water levels within the mossland to a level suitable for the growth of mossland species. Baulkways, strips of higher land, have been created to isolate the mossland so that the site is now fed purely from rainfall and helps protect the site from pollution. Water levels have risen considerably and mossland vegetation is now beginning to flourish over a wider area of the site. It is also hoped that in the future many of the species that have been lost can be re-established.
- "red moss lnr". The Wildlife Trust for Manchester, Lancashire and North Merseyside. Archived from the original on 2008-05-23. Retrieved 2008-06-27.
- Nature on the map, Natural England, retrieved 2010-12-16
- Crosby, Dr Alan G., West Pennine Moors (PDF), West Pennine Moors area management committee, p. 10, archived from the original (pdf) on 2011-07-18, retrieved 2010-12-22