Red River, New Mexico

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Red River, New Mexico
The town of Red River, New Mexico
The town of Red River, New Mexico
Location of Red River, New Mexico
Location of Red River, New Mexico
Red River, New Mexico is located in the United States
Red River, New Mexico
Red River, New Mexico
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 36°42′23″N 105°24′19″W / 36.70639°N 105.40528°W / 36.70639; -105.40528Coordinates: 36°42′23″N 105°24′19″W / 36.70639°N 105.40528°W / 36.70639; -105.40528
CountryUnited States
StateNew Mexico
CountyTaos
Date Established1895
Government
 • MayorLinda Calhoun
Area
 • Total1.02 sq mi (2.64 km2)
 • Land1.01 sq mi (2.63 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
8,671 ft (2,643 m)
Population
 • Total542
 • Density533.99/sq mi (206.13/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
87558
Area code575
FIPS code35-62200
GNIS feature ID0910074
Websitewww.redriver.org

Red River is a resort town in Taos County, New Mexico, located in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. The population was 477 at the 2010 census. Red River is located along the Enchanted Circle Scenic Byway, and is 36 miles (58 km) from Taos.

History[edit]

Red River Historic Marker.jpg

Prior to the arrival of European-Americans, the area now occupied by Red River was used as a summer hunting ground by the Jicarilla Apache and Utes, who hunted big horn sheep, mule deer, elk, Mountain cottontail, and mallards, amongst other species.

The town of Red River had its beginnings late in the 19th century, when miners from nearby Elizabethtown in the Moreno Valley were drawn in by gold strikes in the area and trappers sought game. It was named after the perennial stream, Red River, that flows through the town, coming from the northern slopes of Wheeler Peak. By 1895, Red River was a booming mining camp, with gold, silver and copper in some abundance, and a population estimated at three thousand. Mining hit its peak in 1897, and by 1905 the mining and the population dwindled but the town survived, gaining a reputation as a great getaway from hot weather and as a trout fishing paradise. The last serious mining efforts extended until 1931. By that time tourism had become the principal economic livelihood.[3]

In 2019, the Christmas tree displayed at the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C. was harvested in Red River.[4]

Geography[edit]

Red River Ski Area with the town of Red River in the background

Red River is located at 36°42′23″N 105°24′19″W / 36.70639°N 105.40528°W / 36.70639; -105.40528 (36.706311, -105.405271).[5] Red River is located in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, part of the southern Rocky Mountains, and is surrounded by the Carson National Forest.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), all land.

The Enchanted Circle Scenic Byway, also known as New Mexico Route 38, passes through Red River.

Demographics[edit]

Red River Historic District
Historical population
Census Pop.
1980332
199038716.6%
200048425.1%
2010477−1.4%
202054213.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6][2]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 484 people, 234 households, and 138 families residing in the town. The population density was 474.9 inhabitants per square mile (183.2/km2). There were 880 housing units at an average density of 863.5 per square mile (333.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 92.56% White, 1.03% Native American, 3.72% from other races, and 2.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.30% of the population.

There were 234 households, out of which 20.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.60.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 16.7% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 35.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $31,667, and the median income for a family was $39,792. Males had a median income of $31,667 versus $19,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,883. About 5.4% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

Red River has a humid continental climate (Dfb), bordering on a subarctic climate (Dfc) with four seasons. Summertime is very warm with refreshingly cool nights, and winter is cold, but not extremely cold, with massive amounts of snowfall for New Mexico, averaging 156.7 inches (398 cm) a year.

Climate data for Red River, New Mexico, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1906–2021
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 58
(14)
64
(18)
74
(23)
76
(24)
88
(31)
94
(34)
92
(33)
94
(34)
87
(31)
79
(26)
74
(23)
66
(19)
94
(34)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 49.2
(9.6)
51.1
(10.6)
58.7
(14.8)
65.3
(18.5)
74.8
(23.8)
81.8
(27.7)
83.0
(28.3)
80.6
(27.0)
76.9
(24.9)
69.5
(20.8)
57.8
(14.3)
50.2
(10.1)
84.5
(29.2)
Average high °F (°C) 35.2
(1.8)
37.2
(2.9)
44.8
(7.1)
52.3
(11.3)
62.0
(16.7)
72.4
(22.4)
74.6
(23.7)
72.4
(22.4)
67.7
(19.8)
56.2
(13.4)
43.7
(6.5)
35.1
(1.7)
54.5
(12.5)
Daily mean °F (°C) 21.0
(−6.1)
23.3
(−4.8)
30.5
(−0.8)
37.7
(3.2)
45.8
(7.7)
54.4
(12.4)
58.1
(14.5)
56.3
(13.5)
50.7
(10.4)
40.4
(4.7)
29.6
(−1.3)
21.6
(−5.8)
39.1
(4.0)
Average low °F (°C) 6.8
(−14.0)
9.4
(−12.6)
16.2
(−8.8)
23.0
(−5.0)
29.6
(−1.3)
36.3
(2.4)
41.6
(5.3)
40.2
(4.6)
33.8
(1.0)
24.7
(−4.1)
15.5
(−9.2)
8.1
(−13.3)
23.8
(−4.6)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −8.0
(−22.2)
−5.0
(−20.6)
−0.7
(−18.2)
10.3
(−12.1)
21.1
(−6.1)
29.0
(−1.7)
36.7
(2.6)
35.1
(1.7)
26.1
(−3.3)
14.0
(−10.0)
−0.6
(−18.1)
−8.0
(−22.2)
−11.4
(−24.1)
Record low °F (°C) −40
(−40)
−35
(−37)
−23
(−31)
−14
(−26)
2
(−17)
18
(−8)
28
(−2)
26
(−3)
14
(−10)
−2
(−19)
−23
(−31)
−34
(−37)
−40
(−40)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.05
(27)
1.46
(37)
1.85
(47)
1.99
(51)
1.79
(45)
1.11
(28)
3.14
(80)
3.01
(76)
2.03
(52)
1.78
(45)
1.59
(40)
1.22
(31)
22.02
(559)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 19.1
(49)
26.1
(66)
31.4
(80)
26.7
(68)
6.2
(16)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
9.7
(25)
19.0
(48)
18.5
(47)
156.7
(399)
Average extreme snow depth inches (mm) 14.0
(36)
15.4
(39)
17.2
(44)
7.7
(20)
3.3
(8.4)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
5.3
(13)
10.3
(26)
12.0
(30)
22.6
(57)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.2 8.6 9.2 8.9 9.2 8.9 16.3 16.2 9.3 6.9 7.3 7.3 115.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.7 8.3 7.6 5.7 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5 5.7 6.9 44.9
Source 1: NOAA[8]
Source 2: National Weather Service[9]

Economy[edit]

Town trolley in the annual Fourth of July parade
St. Edwin's Catholic Church in Red River

The main industry in Red River is tourism. Red River is located at the base of the Red River Ski Area, located 8,750 feet above sea level in the southern Rocky Mountains. Winter activities include skiing, snowboarding and snowmobiling. In summertime, visitors can hike, bike, fish, and ride horseback in the mountains. The town is serviced by a bus system which provides access into the upper valley.

Education[edit]

It is in the Questa Independent Schools school district.[10] In 1983, 12 children in Red River, including two in high school, attended the schools they were zoned to in Questa, while the remaining 68 children attended other schools. 32 of the students were enrolled at Taos Christian Academy. 32 went to Cimarron Municipal Schools, with 22 going to the Eagle Nest elementary school and 10 to the Cimarron secondary school. Some parents speaking to The Taos News felt that the Questa schools were not academically strong. John Hanron of The Taos News stated that the fact that many Red River parents did not use Questa schools made it less likely that the Questa district would build a school in Red River.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Oct 12, 2022.
  3. ^ Pearson, Jim Berry (1986) The Red River-Twining area: a New Mexico mining story University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, ISBN 0-8263-0875-9
  4. ^ "New Mexico prepares to harvest US Capitol Christmas tree". AP NEWS. 2019-11-01. Retrieved 2020-11-07.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "U.S. Climate Normals Quick Access – Station: Red River, NM". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 27, 2023.
  9. ^ "NOAA Online Weather Data – NWS Albuquerque". National Weather Service. Retrieved January 27, 2023.
  10. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Taos County, NM" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2022-09-04.
  11. ^ Hanron, John (1983-09-29). "Commuters hurt chance for RR school". The Taos News. Taos, New Mexico. p. B1. - Clipping from Newspapers.com. Text detail A, text detail B, and text detail C

External links[edit]

Media related to Red River, New Mexico at Wikimedia Commons