Red River Valley (song)
|"Red River Valley"|
|Bright Sherman Valley, Cowboy Love Song|
"Red River Valley" is a folk song and cowboy music standard of controversial origins that has gone by different names—e.g., "Cowboy Love Song", "Bright Sherman Valley", "Bright Laurel Valley", "In the Bright Mohawk Valley", and "Bright Little Valley"—depending on where it has been sung. It is listed as Roud Folk Song Index 756, and by Edith Fowke as FO 13. It is recognizable by its chorus (with several variations):
- From this valley they say you are going.
- We will miss your bright eyes and sweet smile,
- For they say you are taking the sunshine
- That has brightened our pathway a while.
- So come sit by my side if you love me.
- Do not hasten to bid me adieu.
- Just remember the Red River Valley,
- And the cowboy that has loved you so true.
Edith Fowke offers anecdotal evidence that the song was known in at least five Canadian provinces before 1896. This finding led to speculation that the song was composed at the time of the Wolseley Expedition to the northern Red River Valley of 1870 in Manitoba. It expresses the sorrow of a local woman (possibly a Métis) as her soldier lover prepares to return to the east.
The earliest known written manuscript of the lyrics, titled The Red River Valley, bears the notations "Nemaha 1879" and "Harlan 1885." Nemaha and Harlan are the names of counties in Nebraska, and are also the names of towns in Iowa.
The song appears in sheet music, titled In the Bright Mohawk Valley, printed in New York in 1896 with James J. Kerrigan as the writer. The tune and lyrics were collected and published in Carl Sandburg's 1927 American Songbag.
In 1925, Carl T. Sprague, an early singing cowboy from Texas, recorded it as Cowboy Love Song (Victor 20067, August 5, 1925), but it was fellow Texan Jules Verne Allen's 1929 Cowboy's Love Song (Victor 40167, March 28, 1929), that gave the song its greatest popularity. Allen himself thought the song was from Pennsylvania, perhaps brought over from Europe.[dubious ]
|"Red River Rock"|
|Single by Johnny and the Hurricanes|
|from the album Johnny & the Hurricanes|
|Genre||Rock and roll|
Gene Autry recorded the song for the 1936 film Red River Valley. He re-recorded the song with the Cass County Boys for the 1946 film Sioux City Sue. Autry's recording later appeared on various Autry compilations, including Gene Autry's Western Classics and The Essential Gene Autry 1933-1946.
An instrumental version appeared in the 1943 film The Ox-Bow Incident.
Bill Haley and the Four Aces of Western Swing recorded a version in the late 1940s.
Johnny and the Hurricanes recorded a rock and roll instrumental version in 1959 of the song entitled "Red River Rock" which became a hit in both the U.S. (#5) and in the UK (#3). It was covered by the Ventures for their 1963 album The Ventures Play Telstar and The Lonely Bull. An electronic rendition was recorded by Silicon Teens, and featured in the movie Planes, Trains and Automobiles.
A small combo of soldier-musicians jobbing around Fort Benning, GA, during the late'61–early'62 Berlin Crisis regularly played "Red River Valley" as a Twist during some of that dance craze.
The tune of "Red River Valley" was used for the verses of the 1963 Connie Francis hit "Drownin' My Sorrows" (#36). Francis had recorded "Red River Valley" for her 1961 album release Connie Francis Sings Folk Song Favorites with the track subsequently being featured on the 1964 Connie Francis album In the Summer of His Years. "Drownin' My Sorrows" was covered in German as "Ich tausche mit keinem auf der Welt" in 1964 by Margot Eskens and in Croatian as "Uz Tebe Sam Sretna" in 1968 by Ana Štefok.
The premier Czech vocalist Helena Vondráčková made her recording debut in September 1964 with "Červená řeka", a rendering of "Red River Valley".
Swedish singer Sven-Gösta Jonsson recorded a Swedish version titled "Vid foten av fjället" (By the foot of the mountain).
"Red River Valley" has also been recorded by Roy Acuff, Arlo Guthrie, Lynn Anderson, the Andrews Sisters, Eddy Arnold, Moe Bandy, Suzy Bogguss, Johnny Bond, Boxcar Willie, Elton Britt, Josephine Cameron, John Darnielle, Foster & Allen, Larry Groce, the McGuire Sisters, the Mills Brothers, Michael Martin Murphey, Johnnie Ray, Riders in the Sky, Riders of the Purple Sage, Tex Ritter, Marty Robbins, Jimmie Rodgers, Roy Rogers, Pete Seeger, the Sons of the Pioneers, Billy Walker, Roger Whittaker, Cassandra Wilson and Glenn Yarbrough.
Alvin and the Chipmunks recorded their own version in the early 1960s although it doesn't appear in any of the album listings. (Need Citation)
Leonard Cohen, a lifelong country music enthusiast, has been recorded playing the song live in concert.
A version of this song is featured on "Songs of the West," recorded by the Norman Luboff Choir.
The song was recorded twice in Hebrew translations, in 1961 by Du-Ron duo and in 1980 in Ehud Manor's translation in a television program of country songs in Hebrew under the same title. Earlier (probably in the 1940s) another Hebrew text was set to this melody - "mitnoe'a ha-Sappan" (The Sailor Moves).
The song and tune have been used in numerous films. It was particularly memorable in John Ford's The Grapes of Wrath, whose tale of displaced Oklahomans associated it with the southern Red River. Another film it had important - but more subtle - usage in was The Last Picture Show (1971), a film about the internal decay of small town Texas in the early 1950s.
A fatalistic chorus can be found in some sources related to F-105 pilots in Vietnam:
Come and sit by my side at the briefing,
We will sit there and tickle the beads,
Then we'll head for the Red River Valley,
And today I'll be flying Teak lead,
To the valley he said we are flying,
With a Thud of the plane to the earth,
Many jockeys have flown to the valley,
And a number have never returned
It was sung by Carol Connors in the X rated Movie Sweet Savage (1979 film)
- David McEnery (1914-2002), singer-songwriter otherwise known as Red River Dave
- Edith Fowke and Keith MacMillan. (1973). The Penguin Book of Canadian Folk Songs. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin.
- Allen, Jules Verne. "Singing Along" (reprinted from New Mexico Magazine, 1935). Roundup of Western Literature: An Anthology for Young Readers pp. 82–85, edited by Oren Arnold.
- Kerrigan, James J. "In The Bright Mohawk Valley". New York: Howley, Haviland & Co. (1896).
- Fowke, Edith "The Red River Valley Re-examined." Western Folklore 23 (July 1964) 1630-71.
- Fuld, James J. The Book of World-Famous Music: Classical, Popular, and Folk. Dover Publications (2000).
- Waltz, Robert B; David G. Engle. "The Red River Valley". The Traditional Ballad Index: An Annotated Bibliography of the Folk Songs of the English-Speaking World. Hosted by California State University, Fresno, Folklore, 2007.
- Western Writers of America (2010). "The Top 100 Western Songs". American Cowboy. Archived from the original on 10 August 2014.
- Fowke, Edith (1964). "'The Red River Valley' Re-Examined". Western Folklore: 163–171.
- H. Stewart Hendrickson (Research Professor Emeritus, University of Washington), Red River Valley (Retrieved 23 March 2014)
- The Red River Valley, Edwin Ford Piper Collection, The University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, Iowa.
- Fuld, The Book of World-Famous Music (1966), p. 457.
- Kerrigan, In The Bright Mohawk Valley.
- Sandburg, Carl (1927). The American Songbag (PDF). New York: Harcourt, Brace & Company. p. 130. Archived from the original on 2005-06-23. Retrieved 2014-07-06.
- Allen, "Singings Along", p. 83.
- Fairfax, Arthur (December 28, 1940). "Mr. Fairfax Replies" (PDF). Movie Radio Guide 10 (12): 43. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- Planes, Trains and Automobiles at Hollywood.com
- Billboard Vol. 75 #29 (July 20, 1963) p.4
- Lyrics and MIDI file from the National Institutes of Health 
- The free score on 8notes.com
- "Mitnoe'a Ha-Sappan" at Zemereshet - early Hebrew version set to this melody