Red Rock, Oklahoma
Location of Red Rock, Oklahoma
|• Total||0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)|
|• Land||0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||925 ft (282 m)|
|• Density||1,199.6/sq mi (463.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1097121|
Red Rock (Otoe: Íno Súje pronounced [ĩꜜno suꜜdʒɛ], meaning "Rock Red") (Pawnee: Pásuuhararu ) is a town in northern Noble County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 283 at the 2010 census, a decline from 293 at the 2000 census. The headquarters of the Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians is located in Red Rock.
In 1886, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad built a line through what would become Noble County. The land around the railroad crossing of Red Rock Creek still belonged to the Otoe-Missouri reservation, but a trading post operated there. A post office named "Magnolia" opened at the trading post in March 1890. The name was changed to Red Rock in June 1892.
On April 26, 1991 a large F4 tornado touched down within one mile of the town. The tornado was rated because of the minimal damage that occurred. The "Red Rock Tornado" held the record for the highest recorded wind speed of 257-268 mph until the Moore, Oklahoma tornado of May 3, 1999 in the 1999 Oklahoma Tornado Outbreak which had a wind gust of 318 mph.
As of the census of 2000, there were 293 people, 97 households, and 71 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,199.6 people per square mile (471.4/km²). There were 107 housing units at an average density of 438.1 per square mile (172.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 20.48% White, 73.72% Native American, and 5.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population.
There were 97 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.68.
In the town the population was spread out with 32.8% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $17,031, and the median income for a family was $23,750. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $16,875 for females. The per capita income for the town was $7,185. About 30.4% of families and 34.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.3% of those under the age of eighteen and 30.6% of those sixty five or over.
In 1989, the Red Rock School District consolidated with the Marland district. The consolidated district was renamed Frontier School District.
The Frontier Mustangs have made it to the state tournament 14 times in a row (the longest running record in Oklahoma) and have won 6 state championships in the 20 years of the schools existence.
- Della Warrior (b. 1946), raised in Red Rock, served as first and (so far, only) female chair of the Otoe-Missouria Tribe. Also was president of the Institute of American Indian Arts.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "AISRI Dictionary Database Search--prototype version. "River", Southband Pawnee". American Indian Studies Research Institute. Retrieved 2012-05-26.
- Betty L. Waters, "Red Rock," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed March 29, 2015.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.