Red Sea species hazardous to humans

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Although most species in the Red Sea pose no threat to humans, there are a few notable exceptions.

Biting and wounding fish[edit]

Stinging and venomous fish[edit]

Poisonous fish[edit]

Ciguatera poison[edit]

Ciguatera poisoning is a danger posed by fish at the top of the food chain, in particular the Twinspot snapper and Giant moray. These fish accumulate a toxin produced by a dinoflagellate which is eaten by their prey species. Ciguatera poisoning can be fatal.



  1. ^ Daley, Audrey (1994). Shark. Hodder & Stroughton. ISBN 0-340-61654-7. 
  2. ^ a b c Lieske, E. and Myers, R.F. (2004) Coral reef guide; Red Sea London, HarperCollins ISBN 0-00-715986-2
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2007). "Synanceia verrucosa" in FishBase. 5 2007 version.