Red Sonja (film)

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Red Sonja
Red sonja film poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster by Renato Casaro
Directed byRichard Fleischer
Produced byChristian Ferry
Written byClive Exton
George MacDonald Fraser
Based on
Music byEnnio Morricone
CinematographyGiuseppe Rotunno
Edited byFrank J. Urioste
Dino De Laurentiis Corporation
Distributed byMGM/UA Entertainment Co.
Release date
  • July 3, 1985 (1985-07-03) (United States)
Running time
89 minutes[1]
United States
Budget$17.9 million[2]
Box office$6.9 million[3]

Red Sonja is a 1985 Dutch-American epic sword and sorcery film directed by Richard Fleischer and written by Clive Exton and George MacDonald Fraser. It is based on the character of the same name, created by Roy Thomas and Barry Windsor-Smith, who itself is based mainly on the character Red Sonya of Rogatino, created by Robert E. Howard. The film introduces Brigitte Nielsen as the title character, with Sandahl Bergman, Paul Smith, Ronald Lacey, and Arnold Schwarzenegger in supporting roles.

As in Howard's stories of Conan, the film takes place in the Hyborian Age, a fictional prehistoric time that had been depicted previously in the films Conan the Barbarian (1982) and Conan the Destroyer (1984).

Red Sonja was theatrically released in the United States on July 3, 1985, by MGM/UA Entertainment Co.. Upon release, the film received generally negative reviews from critics. It grossed $6.9 million in the United States under a budget of $17.9 million, becoming a box-office bomb.


Sonja, a young, red-haired woman, is raped and left for dead by the soldiers of Queen Gedren, a despot who murdered Sonja's parents and brother after she scarred the queen's face in rejection of her sexual advances. Answering her cry for revenge, the red goddess, Scáthach, appears to her and gives her heightened strength, stamina, agility and fighting skills on the condition that she never lie with a man unless he defeats her in fair combat. She trains under a sword master called "The Grand Master" and is distrustful of all men besides him. At a nearby temple, Varna, Sonja's sister, is a member of an order of priestesses who are preparing to banish a mystical light-powered relic, the Talisman, that created the world and all living things. The Talisman can only be used and touched by women – men vanish if they touch it – and has become too powerful to control. However, Gedren's army and her aide-de-camp Ikol intervene and slaughter most of the priestesses and shield maidens before they can imprison the Talisman in permanent darkness.

Varna watches Gedren steal the Talisman and imprison the surviving priestesses in the vault that contained it before escaping, but is mortally wounded. She is discovered by Kalidor, the Lord of Hyrkania, who goes to find Sonya and bring her back to Varna. Before dying, Varna tells Sonja to find the Talisman and send it into darkness before it ravages the world with storms and earthquakes. Kalidor asks to accompany her, but she rejects the offer. After witnessing the Talisman in use, Sonja arrives to the now-ruined kingdom of Hablock. She meets the young, pig-headed Prince Tarn and his servant Falkon, who say that Gedren used the Talisman to completely decimate Hablock when Tarn refused to surrender. Tarn, demanding vengeance, announces that he will crush Gedren and invites Sonja to work for him as a cook. She politely declines before being told that Gedren is based in Berkubane, the land of Perpetual Night.

Arriving at the mountain gate, Sonja fights Lord Brytag after he refuses her passage for not paying him a 'tender tribute'. When she kills him and takes his key, his troops surround her; Kalidor, who has secretly been following her, attacks their rear, allowing Sonja to escape. Sonja comes across Tarn again, being tortured by bandits. She frees Tarn and kills the bandits with Falkon. They decide to stay together and travel onward toward Berkubane, and Tarn takes Sonja's advice and utilises some good manners over sword practice. Gedren's wizard uses a large magic dish to show the approaching party; Gedren recognizes Sonja and orders that she be brought to the fortress unharmed. Using the Talisman to conjure up a storm, she forces Sonja's group to take shelter in a watery cavern in Ictyan where Gedran's “Killing Machine" is unleashed upon them. Kalidor appears and helps Sonja blind the mechanical beast so they can escape.

Sonja accepts Kalidor's company after learning he is a descendant of the lords who entrusted the Talisman to the priestess temple. He flirts with her, so she warns him that "no man can have her" unless he can defeat her in a sword fight. Kalidor challenges her and they fight to a draw, despite Tarn trying to knobble Kalidor to tip the duel into Sonja's favour. The party arrives at Castle Berkubane and, to protect Tarn, they convince him to stay behind and guard the front entrance. Ikol, realizing Gedren is insane when she refuses his pleas to stop utilizing the unstable relic, plans to escape the castle with bags of Hablock's gold. Sonja confronts Gedren in her council chamber while Kalidor and Falkon deal with her guards in the castle's dining hall. Ikol is stopped by Tarn at the entrance and is crushed to death by the door.

No match for Sonja, Gedren flees to the Chamber of Lights where the Talisman is stored. Now powerful beyond control, the Talisman causes the floor to split open and reveal a chasm of molten lava beneath the castle. Sonja and Gedren duel in the Chamber; Sonja runs Gedren through with her sword, sending the evil ruler plunging into the lava below. Sonja throws the Talisman in after her, destroying it and starting a chain reaction that tears Castle Berkubane apart. The heroes manage to escape as the castle is consumed by the rising volcano. Prince Tarn and Falkon eventually depart to rebuild Hablock while Sonja and Kalidor halfheartedly spar again before kissing.



In Conan the Barbarian, Sandahl Bergman played Valeria, a thief and the love of Conan's life. Bergman was offered the role of Red Sonja, but turned it down, choosing instead to play the villainous Queen Gedren.[4] De Laurentiis met with actress Laurene Landon and was set to offer her the role of Red Sonja until he discovered she was in an earlier film called Hundra; fearing that it was too similar, de Laurentiis decided not to give her the part. On a 2015 episode of Real Housewives of Beverly Hills, soap opera actress Eileen Davidson revealed that she auditioned for the role and was actually runner-up to Brigitte Nielsen. It took Laurentiis almost a year to find an actress "Amazonian" enough to play the title character; he was still looking, eight weeks before the scheduled production, when he saw Brigitte Nielsen on the cover of a fashion magazine. The 21-year-old native of Helsingør, Denmark, in Milan for a modeling job, soon found herself on a plane heading for Rome and a successful screen test.[5]

George MacDonald Fraser, who had recently adapted Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea for De Laurentiis, was hired to work on the script during filming.[6]

Several scenes were shot in Italy, around the Gran Sasso massif (Celano, Campo Felice and Campo Imperatore), and in studios in Rome.


The musical score of Red Sonja was composed and conducted by Ennio Morricone.


Track listing for the first release on LP

  1. Symphonic Suite for Chorus and Orchestra - Part I (16:37)
  2. Symphonic Suite for Chorus and Orchestra - Part II (18:42)

Track listing for the CD release

  1. Prologue (01:24)
  2. Main Title (02:22)
  3. The Talisman (03:15)
  4. Temple Raid (01:39)
  5. Touch It (01:03)
  6. Sonja and the Sword Master (01:49)
  7. Vanna's Death (02:00)
  8. The Gate of Brytag (01:47)
  9. Sonja vs. Brytag (01:14)
  10. Fighting the Soldiers (03:36)
  11. The Chamber of Lights (02:02)
  12. Sorcery (00:46)
  13. Sonja Teaches Tarn (01:33)
  14. Treasure in the Cavern (02:07)
  15. Kalidor and Sonja (01:43)
  16. A Fair Fight (01:50)
  17. Entering the Castle (02:12)
  18. Sonja Defeats the Queen (01:36)
  19. End Credits (03:42)


Critical response[edit]

The film received generally negative reviews from critics.[7] Rotten Tomatoes gave the film a score of 15% based on 26 reviews, with the site's critical consensus stating, "Dull, poorly directed, and badly miscast, Red Sonja is an uninspired conclusion to Schwarzenegger's barbarian trilogy."[8] On Metacritic the film has a score of 35% based on reviews from 6 critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews".[9]

Schwarzenegger commented, "It's the worst film I have ever made." He joked, "Now, when my kids get out of line, they're sent to their room and forced to watch Red Sonja ten times. I never have too much trouble with them."[10][11]

John Grant, who authored the film's entry in The Encyclopedia of Fantasy (1997), gave Red Sonja a negative review, commenting "Morally dubious (Gedren's lesbianism is depicted as one of her evil attributes) and worse-acted than words can explain, Red Sonja is a great embarrassment."[12]

Siskel and Ebert gave the film negative reviews. Both Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert agreed the film was poorly made, but Ebert thought the film contained enough campy humor that he briefly contemplated that Red Sonja may have been intended as a spoof, with "dialogue that sounds like the actors have already read the Mad magazine parody of this film.". Both critics laughed during their reviews, notably when Siskel noted the awkward position of the Buddha statue.[13] Furthermore, it has been argued that the film represents a problematical representation of women because the character is sexualised and relies on a male counterpart.[14]


The film was nominated for three Golden Raspberry Award's, Worst Actress, Worst New Star (Nielsen) and Worst Supporting Actress (Sandahl Bergman). Nielson won in the Worst New Star category, shared for her peformance in Rocky IV.[15]

Other media[edit]

Comic book adaptation[edit]

Marvel Comics published a comic book adaptation of the film by writer Louise Simonson and artists Mary Wilshire and Vince Colletta in Marvel Super Special #38.[16] The adaptation was also available as a two-issue limited series.[17]


A second Red Sonja film had been in development for several years. In 2008, Robert Rodriguez and his production company Troublemaker Studios were working on a version that would have starred Rose McGowan as the titular character.[18] By 2009 however, the Rodriguez project had been scrapped, and as of February 2010, rights holders Nu Image were moving forward with another projected new film, to be directed by Simon West. Producer Avi Lerner said he would like to see Amber Heard take the role of Sonja, after having worked with her on Drive Angry. Lerner said the film would shoot before the sequel to Conan the Barbarian.[19] In August 2012 at the premiere of The Expendables 2 West said that the film was stuck in production.[20] In February 2015 it was reported that Christopher Cosmos had been hired as a screenwriter for the new film.[21]

In November 2017, Deadline reported that Millennium Films would finance and produce a new Red Sonja film with Avi Lerner and Joe Gatta producing alongside Cinelou FilmsMark Canton and Courtney Solomon and written by Ashley Miller.[22][23] In September 2018, The Hollywood Reporter reported that the studio was eyeing Bryan Singer to direct the film.[24] In October 2018, Singer was confirmed to direct the film.[25] On February 11, 2019, Millennium Films announced Red Sonja was no longer on their slate of films, due to recent sexual abuse allegations against Singer.[26] In March 2019, according to a Charlotte Kirk article, Lerner dropped Singer from the project because he was unable to secure a domestic distributor.[27] In June 2019, Jill Soloway signed on to write, direct and produce the film.[28]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "RED SONJA (15)". British Board of Film Classification. 1985-08-01. Archived from the original on 2013-04-19. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
  2. ^ "Movie Red Sonja - Box Office Data". The Numbers. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
  3. ^ Red Sonja (1985) – Box Office Mojo
  4. ^ "Comic Book Movies: Red Sonja".
  5. ^ "Marvel Movie Madness! Part 20: Red Sonja". Rotten Tomatoes. 2011-06-23. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
  6. ^ George MacDonald Fraser, The Light's On at Signpost, HarperCollins 2002 p264-271
  7. ^ Maslin, Janet (1985-07-03). "Movie Review - Red Sonja - THE SCREEN: 'RED SONJA' -". Retrieved 2012-08-20.
  8. ^ "Red Sonja". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
  9. ^ "Red Sonja". Metacritic. Retrieved 2020-08-08.
  10. ^ "Arnold Schwarzenegger: 'Red Sonja' | Stars Who Slam Their Movies |". Archived from the original on 2012-03-02. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
  11. ^ Jones, Emma. "Arnold Schwarzenegger, Red Sonja - Actors who hate their own films". Archived from the original on 2013-01-04. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
  12. ^ Grant, John. "Encyclopedia of Fantasy (1997): Red Sonja". The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  13. ^
  14. ^ Wright, Andrea (2012-12-01). "A sheep in wolf's clothing? The problematic representation of women and the female body in 1980s sword and sorcery cinema". Journal of Gender Studies. 21 (4): 401–411. doi:10.1080/09589236.2012.681183. ISSN 0958-9236.
  15. ^ John Wilson (2002-02-01). "Home of the Golden Raspberry Award Foundation". Archived from the original on 2014-10-13.
  16. ^ Marvel Super Special #38 at the Grand Comics Database
  17. ^ Red Sonja: The Movie at the Grand Comics Database
  18. ^ "Rose McGowan Explains Why Red Sonja Never Happened". ReelzChannel. Archived from the original on 2012-05-09. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
  19. ^ "Amber Heard For Red Sonja?". Empire Online. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  20. ^
  21. ^ "Red Sonja Movie is Back on with a New Screenwriter". Coming Soon. February 27, 2015. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  22. ^ Busch, Anita (November 4, 2017). "Millennium To Produce Female-Strong 'Red Sonja' With Cinelou". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
  23. ^ Busch, Anita (April 4, 2018). "'X-Men: First Class,' 'Thor' Writer Ashley Edward Miller Hired On For 'Red Sonja'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  24. ^ Siegel, Tatiana; Kit, Borys (September 17, 2018). "Bryan Singer in Talks to Direct 'Red Sonja' for Millennium (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  25. ^ Siegel, Tatiana (October 5, 2018). "Bryan Singer Nabs Huge Payday for Directing 'Red Sonja'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  26. ^ Wiseman, Andreas (February 11, 2019). "Millennium's 'Red Sonja' Movie Put On Back Burner Amid Bryan Singer Controversy". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  27. ^ Kim Masters; Tatiana Siegel (13 March 2019). "Powerful Friends: After Kevin Tsujihara, More Executives Pushed to Cast Actress Charlotte Kirk". The Hollywood Reporter.
  28. ^ Fleming Jr, Mike (21 June 2019). "'Transparent' Creator Jill Soloway To Write & Direct 'Red Sonja'". Deadline.

External links[edit]