Red Turban Rebellion (1854–56)

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This article is about the rebellion of 1854–1856. For the Red Turban Rebellion of 1351–1368, see Red Turban Rebellion.

The Red Turban Rebellion of 1854–1856, sometimes known as the Red Turban Revolt, was a series of uprisings by members of the Tiandihui or Heaven and Earth Society (天地會) in the Guangdong province of South China.[1] Ling Shih-pa was one of the leaders, and also a member of the God Worshipping Society,[2] which declared the Jintian Uprising and so began the Taiping Rebellion.


  1. ^ Jaeyoon Kim (2009). The Heaven and Earth Society and the Red Turban Rebellion in Late Qing China Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences 3 (1). ISSN 1934-7227.
  2. ^ S. Y. Teng (December 1968). Strangers at the Gate: Social Disorder in South China, 1839-1861. by Frederick Wakeman (review) Political Science Quarterly 83 (4): 658-660. (subscription required)