Red University Building
|Red University Building|
The front façade of the Red University Building
|Architectural style||late Classicism|
|Town or city||Kyiv|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Vincent I. Beretti|
The Red University Building (Ukrainian: Червоний корпус Київського університету; translit.: Chervonyi Korpus Universytetu) is the principal and oldest 4-story building of the Kyiv University located at 60 Volodymyrska Street, in Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. This building is a worldwide famous symbol of the Kyiv University and the Ukrainian fundamental higher educational system.
It was constructed from 1837–1843 and was built in a late Classicism type construction, by architect with Italian origins Vincent I. Beretti. The building forms an enormous figure enclosing a courtyard, the length of the facade makes 145.68m. The walls of the building are painted red and the heads and bases of the columns are painted black, corresponding to the colors of the stripes on the Order of St. Vladimir (founded in 1782), as Kyiv University used to bear the name of this Order. The motto of the Order, "Benefit, honor and glory" became the motto of Kyiv University. Local tour guides sometime state that Tsar Nicholas I ordered the entire main building painted red in response to student conscription protests during World War I to remind students of blood spilled by Ukrainian soldiers. Built at the top of a hill, this building has significantly influenced Kyiv’s architectural layout in the 19th century.
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