Red Velvet (band)

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Red Velvet
Red Velvet going to a Music Bank recording in July 2017.jpg
Red Velvet in July 2017
From left to right: Joy, Yeri, Irene, Seulgi, Wendy
Background information
Origin Seoul, South Korea
Years active 2014 (2014)–present
Labels S.M. Entertainment
Associated acts

Red Velvet (Hangul: 레드벨벳) is a South Korean girl group formed by S.M. Entertainment. The group debuted on August 1, 2014, with their digital single "Happiness" and with four members: Irene, Seulgi, Wendy and Joy. In March 2015, Red Velvet added a fifth member, Yeri, to the group.

Since their debut, Red Velvet has experienced notable success and recognition. Their first EP, Ice Cream Cake, topped the Gaon Album Chart in early 2015. Similarly, the group's first full-length album The Red (2015) and the extended plays The Velvet, Russian Roulette, both released in 2016, and Rookie (2017) all peaked atop the Gaon Album Chart. Additionally, The Red and Rookie also topped the Billboard World Albums Chart and with the release of their fifth EP The Red Summer in July 2017, they became the k-pop girl group with the most no.1 albums on the chart.[1][2]

They have received several awards for music, choreography, or popularity, including the Golden Disc New Artist Award and the Melon Music Award for Best Female Dance in 2015.

The members of Red Velvet have also made television appearances: Irene as a host of Music Bank,[3] Yeri as a host of Show! Music Core,[4] Joy on the fourth season of variety show We Got Married and as a lead character in the drama The Liar and His Lover,[5][6] Seulgi on the reality/drama show Idol Drama Operation Team, and Wendy as a short-time host of KBS World's K-Rush.



Seulgi was the first member to be cast as an S.M. Entertainment trainee through an audition in 2007, while Irene was cast in 2009, and Yeri in 2011. In 2012, Wendy and Joy were cast through the S.M. Global Auditions in Canada and Seoul respectively.[7] Irene, Seulgi and Wendy were rumored to debut as a group in July, which was then confirmed by S.M. Entertainment.[8][9][10] With the addition of member Joy, the four-member group would debut as Red Velvet, S.M. Entertainment's first girl group in five years since f(x).[11]

2014–2015: Debut, new member Yeri, Ice Cream Cake and The Red[edit]

Red Velvet at the Incheon Hallyu K-pop Concert in October 2015

On August 1, 2014, Red Velvet made their official debut stage on the music program Music Bank.[12] Their debut single, "Happiness", was digitally released on August 4.[13] The song was penned by Yoo Young-jin and composed by Will Simms, Chad Hugo (The Neptunes), Chris Holsten, and Anne Judith Wik (Dsign Music). It was described as an urban Europop song with a strong synth sound and an African tribal beat.[14] The original music video for "Happiness" gained more than 2 million views on YouTube in its first 24 hours of release before being removed due to controversy over problematic background images and replaced with an edited version. "Happiness" was the second-most viewed K-pop music video worldwide for the month of August.[15]

Red Velvet released their second digital single "Be Natural" and its music video on October 13, 2014.[16] The song, which includes a rap verse by NCT member Taeyong, is a remake of the 2000 song by S.E.S., S.M. Entertainment's first girl group.[17] The music video for the song was directed by Kwon Soon-wook and Shim Jae-won, choreographed by Kyle Hanagami, and features original choreography seen in a pre-debut teaser of Irene and Seulgi, which they performed as part of S.M. Rookies.[18][19] The group started their promotions on October 9, making their first appearance on the music program, M Countdown.[20]

On March 11, 2015, former S.M. Rookies member Yeri was officially announced as part of the group.[21] On March 15, the group's first mini-album Ice Cream Cake was released.[22] The group promoted with double lead singles "Automatic" and "Ice Cream Cake" for which the music videos were released on March 14 and 15.[23] On March 19. the group held their album showcase on Ice Cream TV, a program streamed through Naver Music and hosted by Shinee's Minho.[24] On March 27, they won their first music show trophy on KBS's Music Bank. The album went on to become the best selling album by a girl group in South Korea for the first half of 2015 on the Hanteo Chart.[25] In August 2015, Red Velvet held their first U.S. performance during the annual KCON convention and music festival in Los Angeles, California.[26]

Red Velvet at KCON 2015 in Los Angeles

Red Velvet's first full-length album, The Red, was released on September 9, 2015, with a total of ten tracks including the lead single "Dumb Dumb".[27] The album was an immediate success which was received positively by critics: Billboard's Jeff Benjamin called The Red "an impressive, solid debut album", stating that it "indicates big things for the act that needs to follow in the footsteps of their beloved female label mates Girls' Generation and f(x)."[28] The Red debuted at #1 on Billboard's World Albums Chart and South Korea's Gaon Album Chart,[29] and also appeared in Billboard's list of the "10 Best K-Pop Albums of 2015", which described the album as "one of the year's most enjoyable and experimental pop LPs."[30] "Dumb Dumb" peaked at number three on Billboard World Digital Songs chart, making it the best-selling K-pop song in America of the week. The single also topped the list of the "Top 20 K-pop Tracks of 2015" by Dazed, which stated that the group has "surpassed their idol competitors" and "marked a monumental, career-crowning musical tornado".[31] The music video for "Dumb Dumb" was included as the only non-English language entry in Rolling Stone's "10 Best Music Videos of 2015".[32] On December 18, the group took part in S.M. Entertainment's special winter project Winter Garden, alongside label-mates f(x) and BoA, releasing a digital single titled "Wish Tree".[33][34]

2016–present: The Velvet, Russian Roulette, Rookie and The Red Summer[edit]

Red Velvet on stage at the Myongji University Festival in 2016

Red Velvet's second mini album The Velvet was intended to be released on March 16, 2016, but ten minutes before its scheduled release, S.M. Entertainment announced that the music video and album's release would be delayed "to guarantee a high quality of work".[35] The album and its title track "One of These Nights" (Korean title: 7월 7일) was released on March 17.[36] The album showcases the smooth R&B-influenced "velvet" side of the group's concept and is a direct follow-up album to The Red, which highlighted the group's bright and bold "red" persona.[37]

Red Velvet released their third extended play Russian Roulette on September 7. The album contains seven tracks, with the lead single titled "Russian Roulette".[38] On September 13, 2016, Red Velvet took their first music show win for Russian Roulette on The Show.[39]

On February 1, 2017, Red Velvet released their fourth mini album, Rookie.[40] The EP contains six tracks including the title track "Rookie" and a solo by Wendy entitled "Last Love" (마지막 사랑). The album topped the Weekly Gaon Album Chart as well as the Billboard World Albums Chart.[41] The group took their first music show win for "Rookie" on The Show on February 7, followed by wins on Show Champion, M Countdown, Music Bank, and Inkigayo.[42][43][44] On March 31, the group released the first single for SM Station 2, titled "Would U".[45]

On July 9, Red Velvet released their summer EP The Red Summer with the title track "Red Flavor" (빨간 맛).[46], which marked their first summer release.[47] The EP was a commercial success, once again topping the Gaon Album Chart and the Billboard World Albums Chart, making it their third no. 1 which sets the record for most no. 1 albums on the chart by a k-pop girl group.[2] Additionally, "Red Flavor" debuted atop the Gaon Digital Chart and Gaon Download Chart with the other four songs also charting in the Top 50 of the Digital Chart.[48]


The group's name represents its concept, defined by two different images ("Red" and "Velvet") portrayed in their music and performances. "Red" signifies their vivid and bold image, whereas "Velvet" reflects their classy and toned-down side.[49][50]



Irene (Hangul: 아이린) was born Bae Joo-hyun (Hangul: 배주현, Hanja: 裴柱現[51]) on (1991-03-29) March 29, 1991 (age 26) in Daegu, South Korea.[52][53] Before debuting with Red Velvet, she appeared in several music videos of S.M. Entertainment's artists, including Henry Lau's "1-4-3 (I Love You)", and Kyuhyun's "At Gwanghwamun".[7][54]

From May 2015 to June 2016, she co-hosted Music Bank with Park Bo-gum.[55] Irene made her acting debut in August 2016 in the web drama The Female Employees of a Game Company as the female lead Ahreum.[56] On 14 October 2016, it has been confirmed that Irene would be hosting a new fashion talk show called Laundry Day.[57]


Seulgi (Hangul: 슬기) was born Kang Seul-gi (Hangul: 강슬기) on (1994-02-10) February 10, 1994 (age 23) in Ansan, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.[52][58] Before debuting with Red Velvet, she appeared in the music video for Henry Lau's "Fantastic", from his album Fantastic.[7] She was also featured on the song "Butterfly", from the same album.

In January 2015, she starred in a S.M. Entertainment musical School Oz, playing the lead role of Dorothy.[59] In July 2016, she released the song "Don't Push Me" with Wendy as part of the soundtrack of the KBS2 drama, Uncontrollably Fond.


Wendy (Hangul: 웬디) was born Son Seung-wan[60] (Hangul: 손승완, Hanja: 孫勝完) on (1994-02-21) February 21, 1994 (age 23) in Seongbuk-dong, Seoul, South Korea.[52][61] Wendy Shon is her English name, which she studied under while attending Richmond Hill High School in Richmond Hill, Greater Toronto, Ontario, where she also performed with the school's show choir, Vocal Fusion.[62]

In 2010, she auditioned for and became a finalist in the "Koreaboo: Cube Entertainment Global Auditions 2011".[63] She was cast by S.M. Entertainment in 2012 after auditioning at the S.M. Global Audition in Canada.[64][65] On March 14, 2014, Wendy released the sound track of Mnet's drama Mimi, titled "Because I Love You".[7] Wendy also collaborated with rapper Yuk Jidam for the song "Return", which is the sound track for KBS2's Who Are You: School 2015, which was released on June 8, 2015.[66][67] She released another song "Let You Know" for the soundtrack of JTBC's drama D-Day on October 16.[68] On March 4, 2016, she released a duet with Eric Nam titled "Spring Love" as part of S.M. Entertainment's SM Station project.[69][70] In July, she released a duet with Seulgi called "Don't Push Me" for the soundtrack of the KBS2 drama, Uncontrollably Fond.


Joy (Hangul: 조이) was born Park Soo-young (Hangul: 박수영, Hanja: 朴秀英[71][72]) on (1996-09-03) September 3, 1996 (age 20) in Jeju Island, South Korea.[58] During grade school, she performed K-rock band Cherry Filter's "Flying Duck" which marked the beginning of her aspiration to become a singer.[73] She auditioned and was cast by S.M. Entertainment at the S.M. Global Audition in Seoul in 2012.[74]

In 2015, Joy gained public interest by joining the fourth season of reality show We Got Married, where she was paired with BtoB member Yook Sung-jae.[75] She and Yook won Best Couple at the MBC Entertainment Awards with Joy winning the award for 2015's New Star of the Year.[76] Joy collaborated with Lim Seul-ong in a duet titled "Always In My Heart", a project song under S.M. Entertainment's SM Station released on November 4, 2016.[77][78] Joy made her lead acting debut in tvN's The Liar and His Lover alongside Lee Hyun-woo in March 2017.[79][80]


Yeri (Hangul: 예리) was born Kim Ye-rim (Hangul: 김예림, Hanja: 金藝琳) on (1999-03-05) March 5, 1999 (age 18) in Seoul, South Korea.[58][81]

In 2011, she was cast by S.M. Entertainment and was introduced as a new member to the group on March 10, 2015.[21] From May 9, 2015 to November 14, 2015, Yeri hosted the MBC music program, Show! Music Core.[82] In July 2016, Yeri was the female lead in the music video for J-Min and Shim Eun-jee's "Way Back Home", which was released as part of the single project SM Station.[83] Yeri currently attends Hanlim Multi Art School.[84]



Reality show[edit]

Year Title Network Note
2017 Level Up Project! Oksusu
Episode: 7
Joy didn't appear in this show due to her schedule for drama The Liar and His Lover.


Year Title Role Note Ref.
2015 SMTown: The Stage Themselves Biographical film [85]

Television drama[edit]

Year Title TV Network Role Ref.
2016 Descendants of the Sun KBS2 Cameo [86]



  • Red Room (2017)

Concert participation[edit]

Awards and nominations[edit]


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