Red Wing, Minnesota
"Come for a visit, stay for a lifetime"
|• Type||Mayor – Council|
|• Mayor||Sean Dowse|
|• Total||41.42 sq mi (107.28 km2)|
|• Land||34.84 sq mi (90.22 km2)|
|• Water||6.59 sq mi (17.06 km2)|
|Elevation||750 ft (226 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||468.48/sq mi (180.88/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Website||City of Red Wing|
Red Wing (Formerly Known as Wahcoota) is a city in Goodhue County, Minnesota, United States, along the upper Mississippi River. The population was 16,459 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Goodhue County.
Red Wing is home to the manufacturers of nationally known products: Red Wing Shoes, Riedell Skates, and Red Wing Stoneware. The Cannon Valley Trail has its eastern terminus in Red Wing. Treasure Island Resort & Casino is operated by the nearby Prairie Island Indian Reservation.
The National Trust for Historic Preservation placed Red Wing On its 2008 distinctive destinations list, which adds twelve communities annually nationwide. Red Wing was added for its "impressive architecture and enviable natural environment." Red Wing is connected to Wisconsin by Red Wing Bridge (officially named the Eisenhower Bridge); it carries U.S. Route 63 over the Mississippi River and its backwaters.
This city was named after the early 19th-century Dakota Sioux chief, Red Wing (Shakea), or Hupahuduta ("Wing of the Wild Swan Dyed Red"). He was one of a succession of Mdewakanton Dakota chiefs whose name "Red Wing" came from their use of a dyed swan's wing as their symbol of rank. He was an ally of British soldiers during the War of 1812. After a vision in which he saw the Americans driving out the British, he declared neutrality. French Canadians referred to him as L'Aile Rouge. Later he took the name Shakea, or "The Man Who Paints Himself Red," after passing the name Red Wing On to a successor chief.
During the lifetime of Hupahuduta, there were few European-American pioneers in his territory. Red Wing was known as a firm friend of the United States, keeping peace with the traders and settlers, and trading for goods that were valued by his tribe. The federal government established a Mdewakanton Sioux Indian reservation in 1889 along the Mississippi River to free up land for new settlers. The city of Red Wing developed around it. This reservation is known as the Prairie Island Indian Community.
The settlers cleared the land for wheat, the annual crop of which could pay the cost of the land. Before the railroads were constructed across the territory of Goodhue County, it produced more wheat than any other county in the country. In 1873, Red Wing led the country in the amount of wheat sold by farmers. The warehouses in the port of Red Wing could store and export more than a million bushels of wheat.
The Aurora Ski Club in Red Wing, which was founded on February 8, 1887, was one of the first ski clubs formed in North America, reflecting skills of Scandinavian immigrants in the area. Aurora club members introduced in the 1880s, what became known as "Red Wing Style" ski techniques, which was patterned after the Telemark skiing form. The term "Red Wing style" continued in use in the United States well into the twentieth century.
The federal government established a Mdewakanton Sioux Indian reservation in 1889 along the Mississippi River to free up land for new settlers. It is now within the boundaries of the city of Red Wing, and is known as the Prairie Island Indian Community.
The first settlers in town built small mills, factories, and workshops, similar to ones they were familiar with in New England and the upper Midwest, from where many had come. Numerous immigrants from Germany, Ireland, Norway and Sweden settled in this area and were also skilled craftsmen. Some early industries were tanning and shoe-making, while other businessmen manufactured farm equipment, bricks, barrels, boats, furniture, pottery, and clothing buttons. Consumables included beer and lumber. Service industries including stone-cutting, hospitality, and retailing. The St. James Hotel remains a working token of the earlier time.
Red Wing was once home to Hamline University, founded in 1854 as the first institution of higher education in the state of Minnesota. It closed in 1869 because of low enrollment due to diversion of students to the American Civil War. Chartered in St. Paul in 1871, it reopened there in 1880.
Red Wing Seminary was a Lutheran Church seminary, founded in 1879. Red Wing Seminary was the educational center for the Hauge's Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Synod in America, commonly known as the Hauge Synod. Red Wing Seminary operated until 1917.
Red Wing also was the home of Minnesota Elementarskola a Swedish elementary school that was the predecessor to Gustavus Adolphus College, a private liberal arts college of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America (ELCA). The school was founded in Red Wing in 1862 by Eric Norelius, it moved to East Union in 1863 and then in St. Peter the college was built in 1873–1876.
The Red Wing Pottery and stoneware industry began in 1861, when county potter John Paul discovered the large, glacially deposited clay pits beds on the northwest of the city, close to Hay Creek. The first commercial pottery company, Red Wing Stoneware, was founded in 1877. It used clay from the area of the Hay Creek headwaters, close to Goodhue, near a hamlet named Claybank. A railroad branch line was built to carry clay to Red Wing for this important industry. The factory buildings remain, but only traces of the railroad, abandoned in 1937, are left.
20th century to present
The Minnesota Correctional Facility – Red Wing is housed in the former Minnesota State Training School, built in 1889. The original Romanesque building was designed by Warren B. Dunnell. He was the architect of a number of historical public buildings in Minnesota.
In the last half of the twentieth century, the United States Army Corps of Engineers built Lock and Dam No. 3 and deepened the channel on the Mississippi River to improve navigation in this area. Such projects have revitalised Mississippi River traffic for shipping grain and coal. The port of Red Wing has gained business as a result.
In 1973, the Prairie Island Nuclear Power Plant was opened along the river. The federal government had authorized the project in consultation with the Minnesota state government. The facility is owned and operated by Xcel Energy.
In early March, Red Wing shut down some city facilities and the public library later on March 17, 2020 the Mayor Sean Dowse Addressed the People of Red Wing about coronavirus and the city facilities on March 31, 2020 a Report of COVID-19 was reported in Red Wing from an Corrections Facility
- Rolling River Music Festival – July
- River City Days – 1st weekend in August
- Fall Festival of the Arts – 2nd weekend in October
- Diversity Festival – September
- Fall Festival – Holiday Stroll, Friday after Thanksgiving
- Booty Sweat Days – 1st weekend in June
- Big Turn Music Fest- February
Red Wing Public Library is a member of Southeastern Libraries Cooperating, the SE Minnesota library region.
The city of Red Wing has several neighborhoods or other places annexed by the city. These include:
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.19 square miles (106.68 km2), of which 34.60 square miles (89.61 km2) is land and 6.59 square miles (17.07 km2) is water. The city is at the northern edge of the Driftless Area of karst topography.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 Census, there were 16,459 people, 7,017 households, and 4,328 families residing in the city. The population density was 475.7 inhabitants per square mile (183.7/km2). There were 7,539 housing units at an average density of 217.9 per square mile (84.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.5% White, 1.9% African American, 2.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 1.2% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.7% of the population.
There were 7,017 households of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.3% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.84.
The median age in the city was 41.8 years. 22.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.7% were from 45 to 64; and 18.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.
At the 2000 Census, there were 16,116 people, 6,562 households, and 4,166 families in the city. The population density was 455.3 per square mile (175.8 km2). There were 6,867 housing units at an average density of 194.0 per square mile (74.9/km2). The racial makeup was 94.33% White, 1.32% African American, 2.22% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.27% of the population.
There were 6,562 households, of which 30.4% had children under 18 with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone 65 or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family 2.94.
In the city, the population was 24.6% under 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% 65 or older. The median was 39. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.
The median income for a household was $43,674, and the median for a family was $54,641. Males had a median of $36,576 versus $25,477 for females. The per capita income was $21,678. About 3.9% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those 65 or over.
- Sean Dowse
- Term: January 2017 to January 2021
- Kim Beise (First Ward)
- Term: January 2017 to January 2021
- John Becker (Second Ward)
- Term: January 2017 to January 2021
- Dean Hove (First & Second Wards)
- Council President
- Term: January 2019 to January 2023
- Term: January 2015 to January 2019
- Term: January 2015 to January 2019
- Evan Brown (Third & Fourth Wards)
- Term: January 2017 to January 2021
- Council Vice President
- Eugenie Anderson (1909–1997), U.S. Ambassador to Denmark and Bulgaria; first woman appointed U.S. ambassador
- Tams Bixby (1855–1922), Born in Red Wing, owned local newspapers, became member of U.S. Dawes Commission in 1893 and chairman (1903–1906); interred in Red Wing cemetery after death
- Ryan Boldt (born 1994), baseball player
- Joseph Francis Busch (1866–1953), Roman Catholic Bishop
- William C. Christianson (1892–1985), Minnesota Supreme Court justice
- William J. Colvill, (1830–1905), Civil War hero and Minnesota Attorney General
- Frances Densmore (1867–1957), ethnographer and ethnomusicologist
- Joanell Dyrstad (born 1942), former Minnesota lieutenant governor (1991–1995)
- Patrick Flueger (born 1983), actor, The Princess Diaries, The 4400, Chicago P.D.
- Mikkjel Hemmestveit (1863–1957), skiing champion
- Torjus Hemmestveit (1860–1930), skiing champion
- Stanley E. Hubbard (1897–1992), founder of Hubbard Broadcasting
- Philander P. Humphrey (1823–1862), physician, politician
- Ned Locke (1919–1992), television personality, Bozo's Circus
- Martin Maginnis (1841–1919), politician, Union Army veteran
- Lyle Mehrkens (1937–2018), Minnesota state legislator and farmer
- Greg Norton (born 1959), bassist for Hüsker Dü and restaurateur
- Henrietta Barclay Paist (1870–1930), artist, designer, teacher, and author
- Robert Ezra Park (1864–1944), urban sociologist
- John Pohl (born 1979), player in NHL, Toronto Maple Leafs
- Theodore Swanson (1873–1959), farmer, Wisconsin legislator
- Mitchell Peters (1935–2017), percussionist, composer and long-time tympanist with the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
- James Touchi-Peters (born 1956), symphonic conductor, composer and jazz singer
- August Weenaas (1835–1924), founding President of Augsburg University
- Jacqueline West (born 1979), poet and author of The Books of Elsewhere
- Phyllis Yes (born 1941), feminist artist
|AM radio stations|
|1250||KCUE||Bluff Country 1250||Classic country||Q Media Group, LLC|
|FM radio stations|
|105.9||KWNG||K-Wing 106||Classic Hits||Q Media Group, LLC|
- "City of Red Wing Minnesota". City of Red Wing Minnesota. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
- "Office of the Mayor". Red-wing.org. Archived from the original on July 22, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 27, 2011.[dead link]
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "Profile for Red Wing, Minnesota, MN". ePodunk. Archived from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
- "Red Wing, Minnesota". Dozen Distinctive Destinations 2008. National Trust for Historic Preservation. 2008. Retrieved March 26, 2008.
- O'Connor, Mark (July 15, 2011). "Red Wing". The O'Connor Method – A New American School of String Playing. New American School of String Playing. II. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
- Gilman, Rhonda R. (1989). The Story of Minnesota's Past. Saint Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota Historical Society Press. pp. 12–21. ISBN 0-87351-267-7.
- "Mikkel Hemmestvedt (Alpenglow Ski Mountaineering History Project)". Alpenglow.org. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- "The Aurora Ski Club. Red Wing, Minnesota 1886–1951 (SkiJumpingUSA.com)". Skijumpingcentral.com. February 2, 2007. Archived from the original on March 11, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- Red Wing Seminary; fifty years of service. (Published on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary, September 15 to 17, 1929. Editor-in-chief, Arthur Rholl. 1930)
- "Timeline of Pottery production in Red Wing, MN" http://www.redwingcollectors.org/images/red%20wingsrichpotteryhistorybygarytefft%26stacywegner.pdf
- Chicago Great Western Railway Co. Safety News, June 30, 1968
- "Coronavirus (COVID-19)".
- "Mayor's Address on City Services During COVID-19".
- "First COVID-19 cases reported Minnesota correctional facilities, including Red Wing".
- "First COVID-19 cases confirmed in Minnesota's prison system".
- "Southeastern Libraries Cooperating (SELCO)". Selco.info. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 26, 2014.
- "City Council and mayor". Red-wing.org. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
- Brett BoeseThe Post-Bulletin, Rochester MN (February 10, 2012). "Red Wing's Boldt chooses Nebraska, family". PostBulletin.com. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
- Sky Crashers: A History of the Aurora Ski Club (Goodhue County Historical Society: 2004)
- Red Wing Reflections of a River Town (Red Wing Republican Eagle: 2007)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Red Wing, Minnesota.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Red Wing.|
- City of Red Wing, MN – Official site and alternate link
- Red Wing Visitors and Convention Bureau – Visitor Information
- Red Wing Chamber of Commerce
- Downtown Red Wing
- Red Wing Pottery Collectors Society
- Red Wing Pottery Collectors Foundation & Museum
- Red Wing High School
- Red Wing FFA Chapter
- Sports and Recreation at the turn of the 20th Century