Red cornetfish

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Red cornetfish
Fistularia petimba.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Syngnathiformes
Family: Fistulariidae
Genus: Fistularia
Species:
F. petimba
Binomial name
Fistularia petimba
Synonyms[2]

The red cornetfish, Fistularia petimba, also known as the deep throat, is a cornetfish of the family Fistulariidae, found in tropical oceans worldwide, at depths between 10 metres (33 ft) and 200 metres (660 ft). In Japan, they are called akayagara (Jap. 赤矢柄; アカヤガラ "red arrow shaft"), and sometimes teppō (鉄砲 or 鉄炮; てっぽう) (rifle) fish. They are up to 2 metres (6.6 ft) in length but rarely exceed 1 metre (3.3 ft).

Range[edit]

Fistularia petimba is widespread throughout Atlantic Ocean, Indo-Pacific, and in the waters of Australia and Hawaii along coastal areas .

Biology[edit]

It occurs between 10–200 metres (33–656 ft) depth, but most often at depths of less than 10 metres (33 ft) over soft substrates.[2] It is an oviparous species which lays large pelagic eggs which hatch into larvae of 6–7 millimetres (0.24–0.28 in),[3] the juveniles move into estuarine habitats.[1] This species is a crepuscular,[1] stealthy predator which stalks its prey by moving slowly towards shoals of small fish, using its slender form to hide, and when it is close enough to its prey it darts forward and sucks it into its mouth.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Carpenter, K.E.; Robertson, R. & Munroe, T. (2015). "Fistularia petimba (errata version published in 2017)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T16781113A115364459. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2018). "Fistularia petimba" in FishBase. February 2018 version.
  3. ^ a b Dianne J. Bray; Vanessa J. Thompson. "Fistularia petimba". Fishes of Australia. Museums Victoria. Retrieved 11 Jun 2018.
  • Tony Ayling & Geoffrey Cox, Collins Guide to the Sea Fishes of New Zealand, (William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1982) ISBN 0-00-216987-8