Red kuri squash
Red kuri squash (katakana: ウチキクリ) is a thin skinned orange colored winter squash, a cultivated variety of the species Cucurbita maxima. It has the appearance of a small pumpkin without the ridges. It belongs to the Hubbard squash group.
Inside the hard outer skin there is a firm flesh that provides a very delicate and mellow chestnut-like flavor. Other varieties of this subspecies include 'Hokkaido', 'Red Hokkaido' and 'Sweet Meat' squashes.
Red kuri squash is commonly called "Japanese squash", "orange Hokkaido squash", "baby red hubbard squash", or "Uchiki kuri squash". In Japan, the word kuri may refer to either the squash discussed in this article or to Japanese chestnuts. In France, it is called potimarron, and in the United Kingdom, it is commonly called "onion squash".
Primarily grown in Japan, California, Florida, Southwestern Colorado, Mexico, Tasmania, Tonga, New Zealand, Chile, Provence, and South Africa, red kuri is widely adapted for climates that provide a growing season of 100 days or more. Most of the California, Colorado, Tonga and New Zealand crops are exported to Japan.
This hardy squash grows to maturity in full sun and is drought tolerant. Each vine produces multiple teardrop-shaped fruits, usually three. The squash matures about ninety days after blooming.
The squash is a hard-shelled winter variety with firm yellow flesh. The flesh often has a green tint under the seeds.
Full-flavored and sweet, red kuri squash is often cooked with butter and herbs. It is an ingredient in a variety of soups, stews and casseroles. It can be made into cakes, quick breads, muffins, cookies, jams and pies with its nutty-tasting flesh. It can be baked, boiled, microwaved, steamed, sautéed or fried. This squash adds sweet flavor and texture to stir-fries. Its seed cavity is ideal for stuffing.
Red kuri squash is a good source of fiber. It also provides vitamin A and vitamin C, some of the B vitamins, calcium, potassium, iron, riboflavin and thiamine. Low in calories and sodium, this deep-colored squash also contains beta-carotene.
Nutrition facts : Nutrition Facts (1 cup cooked, cubes):
- Calories: 79.95
- Protein: 1.82 grams
- Carbohydrate: 17.94 grams
- Dietary Fiber: 5.74 grams
- Calcium: 28.7 mg
- Iron: 0.67 mg
- Potassium: 895.85 mg
- Folate: 57.40 mcg
- Vitamin: A 7,291.85
- Systax database at the University of Ulm accessed 11 Sep 2010
- Archaeobiology: Squash Seeds Yield New View of Early American Farming
- The Initial Domestication of Cucurbita pepo in the Americas 10,000 Years Ago
- Eastern North America as an independent center of plant domestication
- 'Red Kuri', or 'Orange Hokkaido', squash should not be confused with 'Hokkaido' squash, another variety from the same subspecies.
- Hard Red Kuri Squash