Red string (Kabbalah)
Wearing a thin scarlet or crimson string (Hebrew: חוט השני, khutt hasheni) as a type of talisman is a Jewish folk custom as a way to ward off misfortune brought about by the "evil eye" (Hebrew: עין הרע). The tradition is popularly thought to be associated with Kabbalah and religious forms of Judaism.
The red string itself is usually made from thin scarlet wool thread. It is worn as a bracelet or band on the left wrist of the wearer (understood in some Kabbalistic theory as the receiving side of the spiritual body), knotted seven times. The person has to knot it 7 times while saying the kabbalah bracelet prayer.
In relation to traditional beliefs
Red strings around the wrist are common in many folk beliefs; for example the kalava is a Hindu version. There is no written mention in the Torah, Halacha, or Kabbala about tying a red string around the wrist. It seems to be a custom that has been around since at least the early 1900s.
A scarlet thread, tied about the wrist, is mentioned in Genesis 38. Tamar becomes pregnant by her father-in-law, Judah, and gives birth to twin boys. The following verses about this event are taken from the King James Bible:
Genesis, chapter 38:
27 - And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that, behold, twins were in her womb.
28 - And it came to pass, when she travailed, that the one put out his hand: and the midwife took and bound upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first.
29 - And it came to pass, as he drew back his hand, that, behold, his brother came out: and she said, How hast thou broken forth? this breach be upon thee: therefore his name was called Pharez.
30 - And afterward came out his brother, that had the scarlet thread upon his hand: and his name was called Zarah.
Today in Israel, it is common to see elderly women peddling scarlet thread for pilgrims and tourists, especially in the Old City of Jerusalem. Outside of Israel in the late 1990s the red string became popular with many celebrities, including many non-Jews including Madonna and her children, Sasha Cohen, Leonardo DiCaprio, Michael Jackson and Ariana Grande. The wider popularity is often linked to Philip Berg's controversial Kabbalah Centre.
- "Red String Bracelets: What's the Jewish Significance?". myjewishlearning.com. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
- Genesis 38:27
- (Teman, Elly. 2008. "The Red String: A Cultural History of a Jewish Folk Symbol," in: Bronner, Simon J. (ed.), Jewishness: Expression, Identity, Representation, Inaugural volume in book series on Jewish Cultural Studies, Oxford: Littman Library of Jewish Civilization)link to article
- Simon J. Bronner. "Jewish Cultural Studies, Volume 1 - Jewishness: Expression, Identity, and Representation". littman.co.uk. Retrieved 18 October 2010. Elly Teman. "The Red String: The Cultural History of a Jewish Folk Symbol". academia.edu. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
- "Collaborate with IVY Olympian Sasha Cohen". ivy.com. 21 January 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- "Kabbalah: who has a red string and why?". Archived from the original on 2011-06-11.
- BritneySpearsVEVO (25 October 2009). "Britney Spears - Everytime". Retrieved 31 January 2018 – via YouTube.
- Nephin, Dan (12 February 2005). "Kabbalah not a celebrity fashion statement, Jews say". Deseret News.
- Lappin, Elena (11 December 2004). "The Thin Red Line". London: The Guardian., investigative article
- "Inside Hollywood's Hottest Cult". radaronline.com. Archived from the original on 2008-05-27.
- "Madonna Gives Her Money Away". Fox News. 2006-07-12.
- Beliefnet: Why the Red String?
- Teman, Elly. 2008. "The Red String: A Cultural History of a Jewish Folk Symbol," in: Bronner, Simon J. (ed.), Jewishness: Expression, Identity, Representation, Inaugural volume in book series on Jewish Cultural Studies, Oxford: Littman Library of Jewish Civilization.
- Ask the Rabbi: Red Strings