Redemptoris Mater Chapel
The Redemptoris Mater Chapel (Latin for Mother of the Redeemer Chapel) formerly known as Matilde Chapel, is a Roman Catholic chapel located on second floor of the Apostolic Palace in Vatican City. Located just outside the doors of the papal apartments, the shrine is notable for its various mosaics similar to early Byzantine religious artwork, and is reserved for the exclusive use of the Pope.
The chapel was first called the Matilde Chapel but was renamed at the request of Pope John Paul II in 1987 for his 50th sacerdotal ordination. The timing also coincided with the same year when Eastern Orthodox traditions became more notable in the Church, as illustrated in the book Liturgie dell'Oriente cristiano a Roma nell'Anno Mariano 1987-1988. The chapel began its renovations in late 1996 and was dedicated by Pope John Paul II on November 14, 1999.
Pope John Paul II viewed the chapel as an ecumenical symbol for the various Eastern and Western churches to unite themselves to the papacy. He noted that the chapel has a particular ecumenical value and be an important presence of the Eastern tradition in the Vatican".
The first of the four walls were completed by a Greek Orthodox artist, Alexander Kornoukhov. Kornuokhov's work consisted of a traditional depiction of the Theotokos and the Holy Trinity as often depicted in Eastern Orthodox churches. The other three walls were finished in a more modern design and various biblical scenes, finished by Slovene Jesuit priest Marko Ivan Rupnik. There is also a grand mosaic of the Blessed Virgin Mary as Mother of the Redeemer in the front center wall, particularly requested and admired by Pope John Paul II.
A notable feature of the chapel is the side niche of the chapel where the Pope sits hidden along with his assistant secretary, while the rest of the Cardinal bishops and congregants are seated in plain view.
In 2005, the Holy See, through the financial assistance of the Knights of Columbus, released a 3D panoramic tour of the chapel on the internet, allowing non-travelling pilgrims to see the chapel from its official Vatican website.
The Redemptoris Mater Chapel also served inspiration for the chapel of the Knights of Columbus in New Haven, Connecticut U.S.A. The Supreme Knight of the Knights of Columbus, Carl A. Anderson invited Father Marko Ivan Rupnik, the creator of the original Redemptoris Mater mosaics (same work to Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lourdes & Basilica of San Giovanni Rotondo) to make them for the fraternal organization.
- The Secrets of the Vatican’s New Sistine Chapel: The Redemptoris Mater Chapel] (Marcianum Press, 2008; ISBN 978-88-89736-58-6, 319pp., 42 colour plates
- http://campus.udayton.edu/mary/news99/1123.html - JOHN PAUL II INAUGURATES "SISTINE CHAPEL OF THE YEAR 2000"
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xB-rvMSn02s - Video Speech. Eucharistic Congress, Dublin Ireland. June 11, 2012.