Redfish (specification)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Year started2014; 9 years ago (2014)
OrganizationDistributed Management Task Force
Related standardsSystems Management Architecture for Server Hardware
DomainServer management

The Redfish standard is a suite of specifications that deliver an industry standard protocol providing a RESTful interface for the management of servers, storage, networking, and converged infrastructure.[1][2]


The Redfish standard has been elaborated under the SPMF umbrella at the DMTF in 2014. The first specification with base models (1.0) was published in August 2015.[3] In 2016, Models for BIOS, disk drives, memory, storage, volume, endpoint, fabric, switch, PCIe device, zone, software/firmware inventory & update, multi-function NICs), host interface (KCS replacement) and privilege mapping were added. In 2017, Models for Composability, Location and errata were added.[4] There is work in progress for Ethernet Switching, DCIM, and OCP.

In August 2016, SNIA released a first model for network storage services (Swordfish[5]), an extension of the Redfish specification.

Industry adoption[edit]

Redfish support on server[edit]

  • Advantech SKY Server BMC[6]
  • Dell iDRAC BMC with minimum iDRAC 7/8 FW, iDRAC9 FW
  • Fujitsu iRMCS5 BMC [7]
  • HPE iLO BMC with minimum iLO4 FW 2.30, iLO5
  • HPE Moonshot BMC with minimum FW 1.41
  • Lenovo XClarity Controller (XCC) BMC with minimum XCC FW 1.00
  • Supermicro X10 BMC with minimum FW 3.0 and X11 with minimum FW 1.0
  • IBM Power Systems BMC with minimum OpenPOWER (OP) firmware level OP940[8]
  • IBM Power Systems Flexible Service Processor (FSP) with minimum firmware level FW860.20[9]
  • Cisco Integrated Management Controller with minimum IMC SW Version 3.0[10]

Redfish support on BMC[edit]

Software using Redfish APIs[edit]

  • OpenStack Ironic bare metal deployment project has a Redfish driver.
  • Ansible has multiple Redfish modules for Remote Management including redfish_info, redfish_config, and redfish_command
  • ManageIQ

Redfish libraries and tools[edit]

  • DMTF libraries and tools[15]
  • Mojo::Redfish::Client[16]
  • python-redfish[17]
  • Sushy[18]

Redfish is used by both proprietary software (such as HPE OneView) as well as FLOSS ones (such as OpenBMC).[19][20]

Benefits of Redfish[edit]

Redfish offers several benefits for admins, such as:

  • Easy integration with commonly used technology such as REST or JSON
  • Better performance and security than other platform management solutions
  • Possibility to manage data center components from remote[21]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sharwood, Simon (March 21, 2016). "Gang of five plans extensions to Redfish management spec".
  2. ^ Miller, Michael J. (August 25, 2016). "Advances in USB, PCIe, InfiniBand and Redfish Point the Way Forward at IDF". PCMAG.
  3. ^ "DMTF signs off Redfish server management spec v 1.0". The Register. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  4. ^ "DMTF announces Redfish API advancements". 23 August 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  5. ^ "How to get started with the Swordfish storage management standard". 7 May 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  6. ^ "Advantech SKY Server series". Retrieved 2021-09-08.
  7. ^ "iRMC Redfish API". Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  8. ^ "IBM Knowledge Center". 5 June 2017. Retrieved 2020-02-12.
  9. ^ "IBM Knowledge Center". Retrieved 2020-02-12.
  10. ^ "Cisco Supports Redfish Standard: API Enhances UCS Programmability". Cisco Blogs. 2017-01-04. Retrieved 2020-11-24.*
  11. ^ "BMC Firmware Products". Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  12. ^ A do everything Redfish, KVM, GUI, and DBus webserver for OpenBMC: openbmc/bmcweb, openbmc, 2019-08-29, retrieved 2019-08-29
  13. ^ "MegaRAC Remote Management Firmware". Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  14. ^ "Avocent Core Insight Embedded Management Systems". Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  15. ^ "DMTF Redfish libraries and tools". GitHub. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  16. ^ "Mojo::Redfish::Client - A Redfish client with a Mojo flair". Retrieved 28 Feb 2020.
  17. ^ "python-redfish Documentation". Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  18. ^ "Sushy Documentation". Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  19. ^ "Open Source Projects Using DMTF Technologies". Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  20. ^ "openbmc/bmcweb". GitHub. Retrieved 2020-02-12.
  21. ^ "What is Redfish? Definition and details". Retrieved 2021-12-09.

External links[edit]