All Hallows Church
|Area||7.29 km2 (2.81 sq mi) |
|Population||147. 2011 Census|
|• Density||22/km2 (57/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||44 miles (71 km) NE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Woolbeding was listed in the Domesday Book (1086) in the ancient hundred of Easebourne as having 24 households: 14 villagers, 5 smallholders and five slaves; with woodland, ploughing land, meadows, a mill and church, it had a value to the lord of the manor of £6.
Telegraph Hill, 1 mile (1.6 km) from Woolbeding, was the site of a station on the semaphore line from London to Portsmouth which operated from 1822 to 1847. It was previously called "Holder" or "Older" Hill.
In 1861, the parish's area was 2,253 acres (912 ha), with a population of 338.
All Hallows parish church is a Grade I listed building. The oldest parts of the church are Saxon. The tower is small, with eight short pinnacles in a vaguely medieval style. It was built in 1728 but it has lancet windows that look like re-used Saxon or Norman ones. The present chancel is Gothic Revival and was built in 1870 but the nave has tall Anglo-Saxon proportions, with plain pilasters from ground to roof, and a blocked doorway. There are more pilasters on the north wall, including a truncated one with traces of a filled-in window above it. The quoins are of large stones. These features suggest a Saxon date for the main body of the church.
Inside the church is a wall monument to Lady Dame Margaret Mill, wife of Sir Richard Mill of Woolbeding, daughter of Robert Knollys, Esq., of "Grove Place, Co. Southampton", died 1744, aged 56. The coat of arms shown is Per fesse Argent and Sable, a pale, and three bears salient, two and one, counterchanged, muzzled and chained Or, impaling Gules, on a chevron Argent three roses of the field, a canton Argent (recte: Ermine ).
Next to a wall that separates the churchyard from the grounds of the manor house is a miniature mausoleum with Tuscan columns and square pilasters, with a frieze of military trophies such as pikes, rifles, cannon, battleaxes, drums and a helmet. There is a line of ancient yew trees near the church.
The English Romantic poet Charlotte Turner Smith lived at Woolbeding House in the mid-1780s.
Two poets grew up in the parish, each the son of a Rector of All Hallows parish, but in different centuries: Thomas Otway (1652-1685) and Francis William Bourdillon (1852-1921); whose father was Rector from 1855 to 1875.
- "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2009.
- "Civil parish population 2011". Retrieved 16 October 2015.
- "GENUKI: Woolbeding". Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- "Open Domesday: Woolbeding". Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 386.
- Historic England. "Woolbeding House (1221573)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 385.
- Taylor; Taylor (1965). Anglo-Saxon Architecture. Cambridge University Press. p. 684.
- "Mill, Baronet". Burke's Peerage and Baronetage. 1830. (Baronetcy created 1619).
- Berry, William. "Knollys". Encyclopedia Heraldica, or Complete Dictionary of Heraldry.
- Nairn, Ian; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1965). Sussex. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 385–386. ISBN 0 14 071028 0.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Woolbeding.|
|Next station upwards||Admiralty Semaphore line 1822||Next station downwards|
|Haste Hill||Holder Hill||Beacon Hill|