Redheugh Bridge

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Redheugh Bridge
Redheugh Bridge, River Tyne.jpg
Redheugh Bridge, photographed from the north side at Newcastle from the Metro Radio Arena
Coordinates54°57′43″N 1°37′07″W / 54.9620°N 1.6186°W / 54.9620; -1.6186
OS grid referenceNZ245630
Carries
CrossesRiver Tyne
LocaleTyneside
Preceded byScotswood Bridge
Followed byKing Edward VII Bridge
Characteristics
MaterialPre-stressed concrete
Total length897 m (981 yd)
Width15.8 m (52 ft)
Longest span160 m (170 yd)
No. of spans3
No. of lanes4
Design life120 years
History
DesignerMott, Hay and Anderson
Engineering design byAlan Yiu Lun Wan
Constructed byEdmund Nuttall Ltd
Construction start1980
Construction cost£15.35 million
Inaugurated
ReplacesSecond (1897) Redheugh Bridge
Redheugh Bridge is located in Tyne and Wear
Redheugh Bridge
Redheugh Bridge
Location in Tyne and Wear

The Redheugh Bridge (/ˈrɛd.jʊf/, REH-dyuuf) is a road bridge spanning the River Tyne west of Newcastle upon Tyne city centre on the north bank and Gateshead town centre on the south bank, in North East England. It currently carries the A189 road.

The first crossing[edit]

In 1860 builder Richard Cail proposed a rail and road bridge at Redheugh with the rail deck below the road level – the reverse of the High Level Bridge. The North Eastern Railway showed little interest so Cail decided to press ahead with a road bridge.

The first Redheugh Bridge was opened on 1 May 1871 engineered by Thomas Bouch who was also the designer of the ill-fated first Tay Bridge in Scotland (see Tay Bridge disaster).

It was a slender construction supported by three piers. The road deck was 30 m (98 ft) above river level with a footpath at either side. Construction was hindered by delays in the delivery of materials, due to poor access roads, and the scarcity of skilled labour. By as early as 1885 serious structural faults began to emerge and inspections concluded that repairs would cost more than a new bridge, and so it was replaced.

The second crossing[edit]

The second Redheugh Bridge

Replacement commenced in 1897 with the new bridge being built by Sir William Arrol & Co. around the old structure. Once again the process was hindered by delays in materials and an inadequate workforce. By 1900 the main girders and spans were in place and, ingeniously, hydraulic jacks were used to inch along the newly built superstructure until it rested on the previously constructed piers. The remains of the old structure were removed and the bridge was opened in August 1901. However, by the 1960s serious design flaws once again became apparent. Speed restrictions of 10 miles per hour (16 km/h) and weight restrictions of between 8 and 10 tonnes hindered the traffic flow and engineers stated that, if it remained in use for much longer, the approaches and superstructure would need to be rebuilt. It was seen as more economical to build a new crossing.

The present crossing[edit]

Richard Deacon's Once Upon a Time sculpture
Plaque mentioning the opening.

Work to replace the second crossing began in 1980.[1] Of the original crossing, only the south abutment now remains (adorned by a modern sculpture designed by Richard Deacon). The third bridge is much different from its two predecessors. It is a pre-stressed concrete structure with a central span of 160 m (520 ft) and two side spans of 100 m (330 ft) each (including the approaches, it is a total of 897 m (2,943 ft) long and 15.8 m (52 ft) wide). It can carry abnormal loads of up to 400 tonnes,[2] and has a life expectancy of 120 years. It was constructed by Edmund Nuttall Ltd to a design by Mott, Hay and Anderson's young engineer, Alan Yiu Lun Wan.

The two supporting concrete piers were fluted to create an impression of lightness and were designed to withstand the impact from a vessel of ten thousand tonnes travelling at a speed of five knots, although this is highly unlikely as large ships rarely come this far up the Tyne and the shipping lane has now effectively been blocked by the Gateshead Millennium Bridge. Due to the exposed location, strong winds can cause problems for high-sided vehicles. Early in the bridge's life, a double-decker bus was nearly blown over the side.[3]

The bridge was opened on 18 May 1983 by the Princess of Wales.[2] The total cost amounted to £15,350,000.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nicolas Janberg, Chief Editor. "Redheugh Bridge (Newcastle upon Tyne, 1983)". Structurae. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Redheugh Bridge, Gateshead". Domesday Reloaded. BBC. Archived from the original on 15 February 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  3. ^ "The Redheugh Bridge". Building Bridges. Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums. Archived from the original on 13 September 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2014.

External links[edit]

See also[edit]


Next bridge upstream River Tyne Next bridge downstream
Scotswood Bridge
A695 road 
Redheugh Bridge
Grid reference: NZ243631
King Edward VII Bridge
East Coast Main Line