Redhill railway station

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Redhill National Rail
Redhill
Location
Place Redhill
Local authority Reigate and Banstead
Coordinates 51°14′25″N 0°09′57″W / 51.24022°N 0.165900°W / 51.24022; -0.165900Coordinates: 51°14′25″N 0°09′57″W / 51.24022°N 0.165900°W / 51.24022; -0.165900
Grid reference TQ281506
Operations
Station code RDH
Managed by Southern
Number of platforms 3
DfT category C1
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05 2.965 million
2005/06 Increase 3.172 million
2006/07 Increase 3.320 million
2007/08 Increase 3.565 million
2008/09 Increase 3.571 million
2009/10 Decrease 3.432 million
2010/11 Increase 3.544 million
2011/12 Increase 3.582 million
2012/13 Increase 3.629 million
History
12 July 1841 Redhill and Reigate Road opened (L&BR)
26 May 1842 Redhill opened (SER) renamed Reigate in 1843.
15 April 1844 Reigate (SER) and Redhill and Reigate Road (L&BR) closed. New Reigate station opened
August 1858 Reigate station reopened as Red Hill Junction (SER)
July 1929 Renamed Redhill
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Redhill from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
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Redhill railway station serves the town of Redhill, Surrey, England. The station is a major interchange point on the Brighton Main Line 21 miles (34 km) south of London Victoria. It is managed by Southern, which operates most trains serving Redhill.

History[edit]

A 1905 Railway Clearing House junction diagram, including the two lines between Purley and Redhill (original line of 1841 in pink; "Quarry Line" of 1899 in green)

The local topography determined that it was cheaper to build and operate a railway line between London and Brighton which by-passed the parliamentary borough and long-created market town of Reigate and instead pass through the nearby Redstone or Red Hill gap in the Reigate Foreign (countryside) parish. According to the Acts of Parliament establishing railways between London and Brighton, and London and Dover, the line was to be shared between Croydon and Red Hill after which these two would deviate. The London and Brighton Railway (L&BR) constructed the new line during 1840 and 1841, with the South Eastern Railway (SER) contributing half of the construction cost and taking ownership of the section between Stoats Nest, Coulsdon, and Redhill.[1] (The SER had however been running services over the line since 1842.) The inevitable and continuing conflict between the two railway companies over the use of this joint line gave rise to the construction of four railway stations at the site of what was then a hamlet on the eastern side of Reigate.[citation needed]

Red Hill and Reigate Road (London & Brighton Railway) station[edit]

The original station was opened by the L&BR on 12 July 1841 on a site to the south of the proposed junction with the SER. The nearby market town was served by a horse-drawn omnibus service operated by the railway. This station closed on 15 April 1844.

Redhill/Reigate (SER) stations[edit]

On 26 May 1842 the SER opened what was originally called 'Redhill', but later misleadingly renamed 'Reigate' station, on their own stretch of line just beyond the junction. Passengers transferring between the two railways did so at the old Merstham station further up the line. The SER wanted to replace their 'Reigate' station with a joint station immediately before the junction, but the L&BR opposed the plan. As a result the SER forced the issue by ending the arrangements at Merstham, thereby forcing passengers to transfer between the two stations at Redhill by foot.[2]

Reigate [i.e. Redhill] station[edit]

On 15 April 1844 the SER built a new station at the present site, named 'Reigate' which was to be used by both railways as the interchange station. On the same day the two existing stations were closed. The branch line to Reigate was opened in 1849 with a new station called Reigate Town.[3] Nevertheless the London Brighton and South Coast Railway (the successor of the L&BR) continued to operate the omnibus service for its own passengers.[4]

Redhill Junction station c.1853

Redhill Junction station[edit]

The SER 'Reigate' station was rebuilt and enlarged on the same site in August 1858. It was renamed 'Redhill Junction', eventually changing its name to 'Redhill' in July 1929 when it was under Southern Railway ownership

Quarry line[edit]

The disputes between the SER and the L&BR (and after July 1846 its successor the London Brighton and South Coast Railway) over the joint line around Redhill continued throughout the latter half of the nineteenth century and ultimately caused the construction of the Quarry Line by the LB&SCR in 1899, which avoided Redhill.[5] Consequently, many trains on the Brighton main line do not call there.

View northward from the Down platform in 1955

Description[edit]

Redhill station is at the junction of the Brighton Main Line, which runs north to London and south to Gatwick Airport and Brighton, with the ex-SER North Downs Line, which runs west to Guildford and Reading, and the Redhill to Tonbridge Line, to the east.

Platforms 1a/1b (far side) and 2a/2b at Redhill, with the through lines and the edge of Platform 3 visible. The disused parcels bridge is in the background.

The station has three passenger platforms and a parcels bay (which is now out of use). Platforms 1 and 2 are an island on the northbound (Up) side and Platform 3 and the old parcels dock are on the southbound (Down) side. There are two through lines between platforms 2 and 3. All passenger platforms are subdivided into 'a' (north end) and 'b' (south end), and all are of 12 car length. All platforms have access to all routes, although there is no access from either through line to or from the North Downs Line - all traffic from this direction must pass through a platform.

Platforms are linked by a subway, and by an out-of use parcels/staff bridge. There are lifts from the platforms to the subway and a level entrance from the Platform 3 exit, but no level entrance at the main entrance, which is at street level. The main entrance faces the town centre, and is opposite Redhill bus station.

The ticket office has four windows and two Shere FASTticket self-service ticket machines, and there are four automatic ticket barriers. There is a newsagent in the ticket office area and a Puccino's coffee shop on platforms 1 and 2. There is an additional Shere FASTticket machine at the platform 3 exit.

Services[edit]

First Great Western unit 166204 arrives with a Reading-Redhill stopping service on 17 March 2007

Southern operate most train services, others being provided by First Great Western.

General off-peak train service frequency per hour:

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
East Croydon or Merstham   Southern
Brighton Main Line
  Earlswood
Horley on Sundays
Merstham   Southern
North Downs Line
  Reigate
Merstham   Southern
Redhill to Tonbridge Line
  Nutfield
East Croydon   First Capital Connect
Thameslink
  Gatwick Airport
Reigate   First Great Western
North Downs Line
 

Motive power depot[edit]

Redhill with the diesel Class 166 First Great Western service to Reading as the line has not got the Third rail electrification fully installed on the North Downs Line.

An engine shed, turntable and locomotive coaling and servicing facilities were installed by the South Eastern Railway in 1855 in the area between the Brighton and Tonbridge lines. These facilities were rebuilt by the Southern Railway (Great Britain) in 1924 and lasted until the end of steam in the area in 1965.[6] The site of the depot remained in use as a stabling point for many years after this. The sidings remain in place, but appear to have fallen into disuse in recent years.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dendy Marshall, C.F.; Kidner, R.W. (1963) [1937]. History of the Southern Railway (2nd ed.). Shepperton: Ian Allan. pp. 200, 283, 496. ISBN 0-7110-0059-X. 
  2. ^ Howard Turner, John (1977). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway 1 Origins and Formation. Batsford. pp. 184, 251. ISBN 0-7134-0275-X. 
  3. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Sparkford, ISBN 1-85260-508-1, p. 196.
  4. ^ Eborall, C.W. & Smiles, S. (1863). Report of the General Manager and Secretary on the relations of the South Eastern and Brighton Companies, McCorqudale & Co. [for the South Eastern Railway], p. 3.
  5. ^ Dendy Marshall & Kidner 1963, pp. 236–7,496
  6. ^ Hawkins, Chris and Reeves, George. (1979). An historical survey of Southern sheds, Oxford Publishing Co., ISBN 0-86093-020-3, p.70.

External links[edit]