Redkino, Konakovsky District, Tver Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Redkino.
Redkino (English)
Редкино (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Work settlement[1]
Redkino train station, Tver oblast.jpg
On the station
Map of Russia - Tver Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Tver Oblast in Russia
Redkino is located in Tver Oblast
Redkino
Redkino
Location of Redkino in Tver Oblast
Coordinates: 56°38′36″N 36°17′46″E / 56.64333°N 36.29611°E / 56.64333; 36.29611Coordinates: 56°38′36″N 36°17′46″E / 56.64333°N 36.29611°E / 56.64333; 36.29611
Redkino Coat of Arms.gif
Flag of Redkino (Tver Oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Tver Oblast[1]
Administrative district Konakovsky District[2]
Municipal status (as of February 2010)
Municipal district Konakovsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Urban Settlement Redkino[3]
Administrative center of Urban Settlement Redkino[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 11,703 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[5]
Postal code(s)[6] 171260, 171261
Dialing code(s) +7 48242[citation needed]

Redkino (Russian: Редкино) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Konakovsky District of Tver Oblast, Russia, located about 130 kilometers (81 mi) northwest of Moscow. Population: 11,703 (2010 Census);[4] 11,887 (2002 Census);[7] 13,448 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

Redkino was known as a village since at least 16th century. In 1851, a railway station was open. In the second half of the 19th century, the peat extraction started, but the peat production factory which was built in Redkino in 1902 burned to the ground in 1907, and it only was rebuilt in 1918. Also in the second half of the 19th century, a textile factory and a ski factory were built. In 1937, when the nearby Ivankovo Reservoir was filling up, many inhabitants were resettled from the villages to be submerged under water into Redkino. In 1939, Redkino was granted urban-type settlement status.[9] During World War II, Redkino was occupied by German troops for a month in November–December 1941.

Until 1929, Redkino was a part of Klinsky Uyezd of Moscow Governorate.[10] On July 12 1929, the Governorate was abolished, and Redkino was transferred to Moscow Oblast.[11] Uyezds were abolished as well, and Zavidovsky District, with the administrative center in the urban-type settlement of Novozavidovsky, was established within Tver Okrug of Moscow Oblast.[12] Redkino was a part of Zavidovsky District. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Zavidovsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast. On November 14, 1960 the district was abolished and merged into Konakovsky District.[11] On February 13, 1963, during the abortive Khrushchyov administrative reform, Konakovsky District was merged into Kalininsky District, but on January  12, 1965 it was re-established.[11] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The settlement is notable as the location of a large chemical experimental plant. New chemical processes are tested first on small scale installations before being transferred to large plants. There is production of oxygen (by air compression method), hydrogen (by water electrolysis), mercaptan, etc. One installation is a production of aviation gasoline from peat moss. This is an attempt to duplicate German experiments at the end of World War II. The plant has large assortment of reactor equipment from Japan being high pressure reactors for various chemical processes.

Transportation[edit]

The railway station of Redkino at the Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway is located in Redkino. It belongs to the Leningradsky suburban direction of Oktyabrskaya Railway and is connected by regular passenger suburban service with both Moscow (Leningradsky railway station) and Tver. The speed of fast trains (which do not stop at the station) are higher in Redkino than anywhere else in Russia; the rails are of heaviest type (R70).

Novozavidovsky has a road access to the M10 highway, which connects Moscow and St. Petersburg.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Redkino contains two cultural heritage monuments of local significance. They are monuments commemorating soldiers fallen in World War II.[13]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Law #34-ZO
  2. ^ Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 230 574 4», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 28 230 574 4, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  3. ^ a b c Law #31-ZO
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ История поселения (in Russian). Администрация городского поселения поселка Редкино. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  10. ^ Петропавловский, Б.И. Конаково и Конаковский район (in Russian). Tver Oblast Library. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  12. ^ История города Конаково (in Russian). Konakovo administration website. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  13. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №34-ЗО от 17 апреля 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области», в ред. Закона №66-ЗО от 1 октября 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 18 Закона Тверской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №17 (специальный выпуск), 19 апреля 2006 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #34-ZO of April 17, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast, as amended by the Law #66-ZO of October 1, 2014 On Amending Article 18 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №31-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Конаковский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №8-ЗО от 11 марта 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Конаковский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #31-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Konakovsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #8-ZO of March 11, 2013 On Amending the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Konakovsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №4-ЗО от 18 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов», в ред. Закона №65-ЗО от 24 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №3, 21–27 января 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #4-ZO of January 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, as amended by the Law #65-ZO of July 24, 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).