Redlynch, Wiltshire

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Redlynch
Red House, Morgan's Vale Road, Morgan's Vale - geograph.org.uk - 312653.jpg
Red House, Morgan's Vale Road
Redlynch is located in Wiltshire
Redlynch
Redlynch
Location within Wiltshire
Population3,448 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSU203210
Civil parish
  • Redlynch
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Historic countyWiltshire
Post townSalisbury
Postcode districtSP5
Dialling code01725
PoliceWiltshire
FireDorset and Wiltshire
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
WebsiteParish Council
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
50°59′17″N 1°42′43″W / 50.988°N 1.712°W / 50.988; -1.712Coordinates: 50°59′17″N 1°42′43″W / 50.988°N 1.712°W / 50.988; -1.712

Redlynch is a village and civil parish about 6.5 miles (10.5 km) southeast of Salisbury in Wiltshire, England. The parish includes the villages of Morgan's Vale and Woodfalls immediately west and southwest of Redlynch; the village of Lover, 1 mile (1.6 km) southeast of Redlynch; and the hamlet of Bohemia, south of Lover. Much of the parish lies within the boundaries of the New Forest National Park.[2]

The River Blackwater rises near Lover and flows east through the parish towards Landford and Hampshire, where it joins the Test.

History[edit]

The earliest settlement was at Pensworth, north of Grove Copse and northwest of the present Redlynch, in the 12th or 13th centuries.[3] This village had declined by the 15th century and in the 20th century the name survived only as Upper Pensworth Farm.[4]

In the 18th century settlement was along roads and the edges of commons. Settlement increased in the 19th century, at Redlynch and at Warminster Green (called Lover since 1876) where the church and school were built.[3]

Redlynch was home to the clockmaker Peter Bower[5][page needed] (1715/21 – 1795) who resided close to the site now known as Bowers Hill.

Redlynch House[edit]

Redlynch House, built by John Bailey (d. pre-1822), was acquired at some time before 1833, with its 25-acre park, by Rev. William Nelson, 1st Earl Nelson (1757-1835) (elder brother and heir of Admiral Horatio Nelson) of nearby Trafalgar Park, Wiltshire, as a residence for his son-in-law Samuel Hood, 2nd Baron Bridport,[6] also of Cricket House, Cricket St Thomas in Somerset.

Religious sites[edit]

Redlynch parish church of Saint Mary at Lover is a yellow brick building[7] dating from 1837. Originally part of Downton parish, a separate ecclesiastical district was created for the church in 1841.[3] The vicarage was the childhood home of Bernard Walke who served as an Anglican priest in three Cornish parishes.[8]

The Church of St Birinus at Morgan's Vale was built as a chapel of ease to Downton in 1894–96. It is a red brick Gothic Revival building with stone dressings and Perpendicular Gothic style windows.[7] It was designed by the Gothic Revival architect C. E. Ponting of Marlborough in the style of his architectural contemporary W. D. Caroe.[7] The benefices of the two churches were combined in 1968;[9] as of 2016 the incumbent resides at Downton.[10]

Woodfalls Methodist Church was built in 1874 by the Primitive Methodists and joined the Salisbury Methodist Circuit in the 1940s.[11]

Notable buildings[edit]

Newhouse, east of Redlynch on the road towards Whiteparish, was built c. 1619.[3] The house and estate were bought in 1633 by Giles Eyre (father of Sir Giles Eyre, member of Parliament and judge) and continue to be held by his descendants.[12] The house is constructed from English bonded brick with limestone dressings and has a distinctive Y-shaped plan; it was designated as Grade I listed in 1960.[13] There is an early 18th-century granary[14] and two stable blocks, from 1750 and the late 19th.[15]

Governance[edit]

The civil parish elects a parish council. It is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which performs most significant local government functions.

Redlynch was formerly part of the parish of Downton. It became a separate civil parish in 1896, then was extended in 1934 to include the former parish of Morgan's Vale and Woodfalls (which had separated from Downton in 1923), and Nomansland.[3] A community governance review effective 1 April 2017 transferred the eastern portion of Redlynch parish to Landford. The area transferred includes the settlements of Nomansland and Hamptworth.[16][17]

The parish is part of Redlynch and Landford electoral ward which stretches east from Redlynch to Landford. The total population of the ward taken at the 2011 census was 4,719.[18]

Amenities[edit]

Morgan's Vale and Woodfalls CE Primary School serves Morgan's Vale, Woodfalls, Lover and Redlynch; it was built as a National School in 1869, next to St Birinus' church.[19]

Redlynch Village Hall is near the church at Lover. Built in 1922 as the church hall, it was modernised in the early 21st century.[20] The parish has two pubs: the Kings Head at Redlynch and the Woodfalls Inn at Woodfalls.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  2. ^ "National Park boundary map". New Forest National Park Authority. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Victoria County History – Wiltshire – Vol 11 pp19-77 – Parishes: Downton". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  4. ^ "Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 maps of Great Britain, sheet SU22". National Library of Scotland. 1958. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  5. ^ Kuta, Stephen Robert (2018). MRS MARY PLASKETT : 1739 - 1827. [S.l.]: BLURB INC. ISBN 978-1388479268. OCLC 1037889006.
  6. ^ A P Baggs, Elizabeth Crittall, Jane Freeman and Janet H Stevenson, 'Parishes: Downton', in A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 11, Downton Hundred; Elstub and Everleigh Hundred, ed. D A Crowley (London, 1980), pp. 19-77[1]
  7. ^ a b c Pevsner & Cherry, 1975, page 381
  8. ^ Walke, B. (2002) Twenty Years at St Hilary. Mount Hawke: Truran; pp. 11–12, 190
  9. ^ "Church of St. Mary, Redlynch". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  10. ^ "St Mary's Church, Redlynch". Archbishops' Council. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  11. ^ "Woodfalls Methodist Church, Redlynch". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  12. ^ "Newhouse Estate". Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  13. ^ Historic England. "Newhouse (1300128)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  14. ^ Historic England. "Granary to north of Newhouse (1184496)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  15. ^ Historic England. "Stables at Newhouse (1024006)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  16. ^ "The Wiltshire Council (Reorganisation of Community Governance) Order 2016". Wiltshire Council. 22 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  17. ^ "Landford Parish council with Nomansland & Hamptworth". Landford Parish Council. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  18. ^ "Redlynch and Landford ward 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  19. ^ "Morgan's Vale and Woodfalls C. of E. VA Primary School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  20. ^ "Redlynch Village hall". Redlynch ONLINE. Retrieved 18 January 2016.

Sources[edit]

  • Crowley, D.A. (ed.); Baggs, A.P.; Crittall, Elizabeth; Freeman, Jane; Stevenson, Janet H. (1980). Victoria County History: A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 11: South-west Wiltshire: Downton hundred, Elstub and Everleigh hundred. pp. 19–77.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) [1963]. The Buildings of England: Wiltshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 381.

External links[edit]

Media related to Redlynch at Wikimedia Commons