Location of Redwater, Texas
|• Total||2.0 sq mi (5.1 km2)|
|• Land||2.0 sq mi (5.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||295 ft (90 m)|
|• Density||446.7/sq mi (172.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1375689|
Redwater is located at (33.360255, -94.253993).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,057 people in the city. The population density was 446.7 people per square mile (172.7/km²). There were 357 housing units at an average density of 182.9/sq mi (70.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.27% White, 9.98% African American, 0.80% Native American, and 1.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.26% of the population.
There were 330 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.5% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the city, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,111, and the median income for a family was $38,000. Males had a median income of $30,600 versus $19,667 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,843. About 10.9% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 17.1% of those age 65 or over.
Redwater is twelve miles southwest of Texarkana in southeastern Bowie County. It grew up in the mid-1870s around a sawmill operated by two men named Daniels and Spence, who named the community Ingersoll, in honor of the agnostic Robert Ingersoll. A post office was established in 1881, and by 1884 the town had an estimated population of fifty. In 1886 a big revival meeting was held in the town, which resulted in about 110 conversions. Shortly after the meeting residents of the town, no longer wishing to honor the agnostic, decided that the name of the town should be changed. They had just completed a new well that yielded red water, and the town was renamed for this feature. The name of the post office was not officially changed until 1894. Although the population of the town swelled to an estimated 300 by 1892, by 1900 it had fallen to 128. It reached 250 in the 1920s. During World War II the Red River Army Depot and Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant were built just north of Redwater, providing thousands of jobs for county residents. The population of Redwater jumped from 250 in the early 1940s to 457 by 1950. In 1982 Redwater had a population of 460 and five rated businesses. In 1990 the population was 894.
The town is also the birthplace of Kenny Wayne, or also known as "The Original Kenny Wayne." A Texas Blues and Rock'n'Roll musician, has toured and played many stages, including the Four States Fair & Rodeo. He has also started up and been the front-man of bands such as "Kenny Wayne and the Kamotions," "Grapes of Wrath," and "The Starchiefs." He is also founder and General Manager of Candy Records. He is now based out of Irving, Texas.
The City of Redwater is served by the Redwater Independent School District.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "City of Redwater, Texas". Redwater Texas. Retrieved February 13, 2018.
- De Leon, J. (1891). "Remarkable Fecundity". Columbus Medical Journal. 9: 19–23.
- Lowell, Mike. "Joe Stampley and Kenny Wayne." www.mikesbandarchives.com. 8 Jan 2009 <http://www.mikesbandarchive.com/kw07.html>.
- "KENNY WAYNE-THE ORIGINAL & REAL KENNY WAYNE." www.Reverbnation.com. 8 Jan 2009 <http://www.reverbnation.com/kennywaynetheoriginalrealkennywayne>.