Reedham railway station (Norfolk)

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Reedham National Rail
Rail-reedhamstation-amoswolfe.jpg
Reedham railway station in 2001, looking towards Reedham Junction
Location
Place Reedham
Local authority Broadland, Norfolk
Grid reference TG413022
Operations
Station code REE
Managed by Greater Anglia
Number of platforms 2
DfT category F1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2012/13 Increase 46,112
2013/14 Decrease 45,482
2014/15 Decrease 45,336
2015/16 Decrease 43,080
2016/17 Increase 50,302
History
Original company Yarmouth and Norwich Railway[1]
Eastern Counties Railway
Pre-grouping Great Eastern Railway
Post-grouping London and North Eastern Railway
1 May 1844 Opened as Reedham[1]
1 June 1904 Replaced by new station c. 300 m west[1]
1928 Renamed Reedham (Norfolk)[1]
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Reedham from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Reedham railway station is on the Wherry Lines in the East of England, serving the village of Reedham, Norfolk. It is 12 miles 13 chains (19.6 km) down the line from Norwich and is situated between Cantley to the west and, to the east, Berney Arms on the Great Yarmouth branch or Haddiscoe on the Lowestoft branch.[2] It is commonly suffixed as Reedham (Norfolk) in order to distinguish it from the station of the same name in Surrey. Its three-letter station code is REE.

The station is currently managed by Greater Anglia, which also operates all trains serving the station. The majority of services run between Norwich and Lowestoft, but two trains per day run to and from Great Yarmouth via the remote Berney Arms. The latter branch diverges from the Lowestoft line just east of the station at Reedham Junction. Services are mainly formed by diesel multiple units of Class 153, 156, or 170, with some hauled trains pulled by Class 37 or 68 locomotives.

History[edit]

The Bill for the Yarmouth & Norwich Railway (Y&NR) received Royal Assent on 18 June 1842. Work started on the line in April 1843 and the line and its stations were opened on 1 May 1844. Reedham station opened with the line and was, as it is now, situated east of Cantley station and west of Berney Arms station. The Y&NR was the first public railway line in Norfolk. On 30 June 1845 a Bill authorising the amalgamation of the Y&NR with the Norwich & Brandon Railway came into effect and Reedham station became a Norfolk Railway asset.[3][1]

In 1845 an Act incorporated the Lowestoft Railway & Harbour Company (LR&HC). In 1846 the LR&HC was leased to the Norfolk Railway (NR) and work started on building a line from Lowestoft, in Suffolk to join the Yarmouth & Norwich line South-East of Reedham. On 1 July 1847 the NR opens the Lowestoft to Reedham line. The station south-east of Reedham on the line to Lowestoft was Haddiscoe.

A couple of months after the Lowestoft line opened the next station west, Cantley was closed by the Norfolk Railway.

The Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) and its rival the Eastern Union Railway (EUR) were both sizing up the NR to acquire and expand their railway empire. The ECR trumped the EUR by taking over the NR, including Reedham Station on 8 May 1848.

The ECR reopened Cantley in 1851, once again making it the next station west.

By the 1860s the railways in East Anglia were in financial trouble, and most were leased to the Eastern Counties Railway, which wished to amalgamate formally but could not obtain government agreement for this until an Act of Parliament on 7 August 1862, when the Great Eastern Railway (GER) was formed by the amalgamation. Actually, Reedham became a GER station on 1 July 1862 when the GER took over the ECR and the EUR before the Bill received the Royal Assent.[4]

By the 1st decade of the last Century the GER started building new stations at Reedham and at Haddiscoe. On 9 May 1904 Haddiscoe Station was closed and replaced by Haddiscoe Low Level on a new site. On 1 June 1904 the GER opened today's Reedham Station and closed the Y&NR station which was 300 metres East of the new station.

The system settled down for the next 17 years, apart from the disruption of First World War. The difficult economic circumstances that existed after World War 1 led the Government to pass the Railways Act 1921 which led to the creation of the Big Four. The GER amalgamated with several other companies to form the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER). Reedham became a LNER station on 1 January 1923.

In 1928 the LNER renamed Reedham as Reedham-Norfolk to distinguish it from the Southern Railway) station of Reedham-Surrey.

On nationalisation in 1948, the station and its services were transferred to the Eastern Region of British Railways.

Following the privatisation of British Rail, Railtrack became responsible for infrastructure maintenance in 1994. Following Railtrack's financial problems Network Rail took over operation of the infrastructure in 2002.

The station and its operations came under the Anglia Railways franchise in 1997. Subsequently, National Express East Anglia, then known as 'one', took over management in 2004.

The station, along with its services, were transferred to Abellio Greater Anglia in 2012.

Services[edit]

As of December 2016 the typical Monday-Saturday off-peak service at Reedham is as follows:

Operator Route Rolling stock Typical frequency
Greater Anglia Lowestoft - Oulton Broad North - Somerleyton - Haddiscoe - Reedham - Cantley - Brundall - Norwich Class 153, Class 156, Class 170 1x every 2 hours in each direction
Greater Anglia Great Yarmouth - Berney Arms (on request) - Reedham - Cantley - Brundall - Norwich Class 153, Class 156, Class 170 2x per day in each direction

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 196. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. 
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey (2005). OS Explorer Map OL40 - The Broads. ISBN 0-319-23769-9.
  3. ^ C.J. Allen[full citation needed]
  4. ^ CJ Allen - Great Eastern - page46

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Cantley   Greater Anglia
Wherry Lines
Great Yarmouth branch
  Berney Arms
  Greater Anglia
Wherry Lines
Lowestoft branch
  Haddiscoe

Coordinates: 52°33′54″N 1°33′36″E / 52.565°N 1.560°E / 52.565; 1.560