Reedsburg, Wisconsin

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Reedsburg
City
Downtown Reedsburg
Downtown Reedsburg
Location of Reedsburg in Sauk County, Wisconsin.
Location of Reedsburg in Sauk County, Wisconsin.
Reedsburg is located in Wisconsin
Reedsburg
Reedsburg
Location within the state of Wisconsin
Coordinates: 43°32′2″N 90°0′10″W / 43.53389°N 90.00278°W / 43.53389; -90.00278Coordinates: 43°32′2″N 90°0′10″W / 43.53389°N 90.00278°W / 43.53389; -90.00278
Country United States
State Wisconsin
CountySauk
Named forDavid C. Reed
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorDavid G. Estes
 • City AdministratorTimothy M. Becker
Area
 • Total6.04 sq mi (15.65 km2)
 • Land5.93 sq mi (15.36 km2)
 • Water0.11 sq mi (0.29 km2)
Population
 • Total9,200
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
9,521
 • Density1,605.56/sq mi (619.87/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Zip Codes
53958, 53959
Area code(s)608
FIPS code55-66800
Websitewww.reedsburgwi.gov

Reedsburg is a city in Sauk County, Wisconsin, along the Baraboo River. It was founded in 1868, and was named for early settler David C. Reed. The city is surrounded by the Town of Reedsburg. It is part of the Baraboo Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Early settlement[edit]

Early settlers came to this area due to the abundance of natural resources, especially lumber. In 1844, the first copper mine was established in this area, but it was soon abandoned. James W. Babb and his wife Rebecca Scarff Babb are the earliest recorded settlers, having brought their family to Wisconsin from Ohio in 1845.[4] At a place 55 miles northeast of Mineral Point (the capital of Wisconsin Territory), long identified by the Winnebago who inhabited these lands as a convenient place to cross the Baraboo River, Babb left a flat-bottomed boat to help move supplies.

At "Babb's Ford," in 1847 David C. Reed built a dam and a shanty to house the workers who constructed it.[5] In June 1848 a sawmill followed. By 1850, "Shanty Row" comprised five tamarack shanties.[5] These initial buildings were of poor construction, and did not have a strong foundation, due to the marshland created by the Baraboo River. Main Street would later be built where "Shanty Row" stood.[6]

Reedsburg was platted in 1852, and four years later the community had grown to 50 buildings housing 27 families and 122 people.[7] The first bridge across the Baraboo River was built in 1853, located where the Main Street bridge would later be built. In 1854 the Mackey brothers purchased Reed's saw mill, and brought economic security to the area. As the town was growing, more farms continued to be developed around the area, cultivating a variety of crops.[4]

Late 1800s[edit]

The community continued under town government until 1868, when Reedsburg was incorporated as a village; it became a city in May 1887.[8] In the 1860s, a hop boom temporarily brought wealth into the area. After the crash of the hops market, more farms started to diversify, and Reedsburg would become known for its grain and dairy products.[4] The Chicago & North Western Railway (C&NW) arrived in 1872.[9]

In the 1870s, Main Street started to develop, with grocery stores, banks, and other businesses establishing in Reedsburg. In 1880, the Reedsburg Brewing Company was formed.[10] As the city continued to grow, more industries came to Reedsburg. On December 1, 1883, the Webb and Schweke department store opened, known as the "Big Store". The store was the largest department store in Sauk County.[11] The City Hotel opened in 1886, owned by William Roper. Among the most important was the Reedsburg Woolen Mill. Construction was completed in 1882, and by 1899, 32 broad looms produced mainly "fancy cassimeres" for Chicago markets.

Reedsburg Woolen Mill in 1921.

1900s[edit]

In 1902 the facility was purchased by Appleton Woolen Mills, and began producing clothing for east coast outlets. Sears and Montgomery Wards became two major clients. In 1910, the Central Wisconsin Creamery opened, making Reedsburg famous for its butter production.[4] In 1954, when Appleton Woolen Mills shifted focus to felts, the business in Reedsburg reorganized to emphasize novelty fabrics. The Big Store burned down in 1957, after 78 years of service.[12] The Reedsburg Woolen Mill, long one of the area's largest employers, endured until 1967; most of the mill complex burned in April 1968, leaving only the mill office.[13]

Another important business has been the Hankscraft Company. Incorporated in Madison in 1920, Hankscraft—makers of baby bottle warmers, sterilizers and other products—thrived during the post-war baby boom, and in 1949 opened a plant in Reedsburg. In 1951, Herbert Webb left Reedsburg a $300,000 trust fund, which is equivalent to over 4 million dollars, adjusted for inflation. He then created Webb Park, and Webb High School on the northeast side of Reedsburg, before his death in 1954.[14] In 1961, Hankscraft purchased Nursmatic Corporation, expanding their line include to bassinets, safety harnesses, baby toiletries and other products; a year later, the acquisition of Ruzicka Laboratories allowed the firm to expand once more, adding vaporizer fluids, baby oil, shampoo and lotions. In 1970, Hankscraft was purchased by Gerber Products Company, and began producing baby food. It was the town's second largest employer, exceeded only by the Reedsburg Woolen Mill.[15]

In the 1980s, the Wisconsin and Southern Railroad came to Reedsburg, having purchased the old C&NW railroad track.[16] In 1996, Gerber Products Company sold Hankscraft Motors, which continues to operate in Reedsburg. Other important industries have included Grede Foundry, Seats, Inc., and the Columbia Par Car Corporation.

In 1971, the first Butter Festival, now known as Butterfest, was held in Webb Park. It was a celebration of the farming and dairy industry.[17] In 1984, together the Main Street Commercial Historic District and the Park Street Historic District were added to the National Register of Historic Places. In 1993, 22 miles of the C&NW rail line between Reedsburg and Elroy became the Wisconsin 400 State Trail, a hiking/biking trail named for the passenger rail line that was said to travel the 400 miles between Chicago and Minneapolis/St. Paul in 400 minutes.[18]

2000s[edit]

In 2011, Reedsburg became home of the annual Fermentation Fest.[19] In 2018, the Baraboo River flooded, destroying several homes and businesses.[20]

Geography[edit]

Reedsburg is located at 43°32′1″N 90°0′10″W / 43.53361°N 90.00278°W / 43.53361; -90.00278 (43.533854, -90.002902).[21]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.93 square miles (15.36 km2), of which 5.83 square miles (15.10 km2) is land and 0.10 square miles (0.26 km2) is water.[22] The Baraboo River flows through the city.

Lake Virginia is a small lake on the east side of Reedsburg. Lake Redstone and Dutch Hollow Lake are 2 reservoirs located in the nearby town of La Valle. Babb Creek, Hay Creek, and Copper Creek, tributaries of the Baraboo River, all flow through Reedsburg. Babb Creek was named for early settler James W. Babb. Hay and Copper Creek were named for the farming and short lived mining industry in Reedsburg.

Reedsburg is 12 miles southwest of the Wisconsin Dells along the Baraboo River, with scenic views of the Baraboo Range to the south. Reedsburg is located directly on the 90th meridian west. A pink quartzite marker on Main Street reads 325 feet east of this point lies the 90th meridian. The marker was dedicated on October 14, 1963, to designate Reedsburg's unique location. It was donated by Whitney Memorials and erected by the Kiwanis Club.[23]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860461
187054718.7%
18801,331143.3%
18901,73730.5%
19002,22528.1%
19102,61517.5%
19202,99714.6%
19302,967−1.0%
19403,60821.6%
19504,07212.9%
19604,3717.3%
19704,5854.9%
19805,0389.9%
19905,83415.8%
20007,82734.2%
20109,20017.5%
2019 (est.)9,521[3]3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[24]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 9,200 people, 3,795 households, and 2,357 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,578.0 inhabitants per square mile (609.3/km2). There were 4,103 housing units at an average density of 703.8 per square mile (271.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.3% White, 0.6% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 1.6% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3% of the population.

There were 3,795 households, of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.9% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 35.7 years. 27% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.2% were from 25 to 44; 22.4% were from 45 to 64; and 14.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[25] of 2000, there were 7,827 people, 3,193 households, and 2,021 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,503.9 people per square mile (581.2/km2). There were 3,380 housing units 251.0/km2 (649.4/sq mi). The racial makeup of the city was 97.44% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.79% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 1.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,193 households, out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 13.01.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,152, and the median income for a family was $44,329. Males had a median income of $33,211 versus $21,973 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,828. About 5.5% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Reedsburg operates under the mayor-council form of government, with each of four districts being represented by two aldermen, along with one at-large alderman. David Estes has served as the mayor since 2009. The city is managed by an appointed city administrator.[26] The Reedsburg Police Department is the law enforcement agency in the city. The department was founded in 1868, and currently has 22 full time police officers.[27]

Infrastructure[edit]

The city includes the Main Street Commercial Historic District[28] and the Park Street Historic District,[28] which contain commercial and residential buildings built from 1873 to 1920. The Chicago and North Western Depot[29] was built in 1906 which connected Reedsburg to the Twin Cities 400 line. Currently, it serves as the headquarters for the 400 State Trail,[30] a biking and hiking trail that starts in Reedsburg and ends in Elroy, Wisconsin, following the old Twin Cities 400 track. Sound Devices is headquartered in Reedsburg.[31]

Webb Park

Parks[edit]

Reedsburg has 18 parks within the city.[32] City Park is the oldest, being donated by the city's founder David C. Reed in 1848.[33] Webb Park is another large park, being dedicated to Herbert H. Webb, a generous benefactor to Reedsburg.[34] Webb Park includes the city's swimming pool, and is adjacent to Webb Middle School. The woods behind Webb Park is called the Roger Popple Nature Area, which includes several trails, and the Half Moon Lagoon Disc Golf Course.[35][36]

Transportation[edit]

State Highways 33 and 23 run along Main Street. State Highway 136 terminates in Reedsburg. There is access to Interstate 90/94 nearby, and the city is served by the Reedsburg Municipal Airport (C35). Several city roads include bicycle lanes.[37] The Wisconsin and Southern Railroad operates on the old C&NW track.

Education[edit]

The School District of Reedsburg has four elementary schools serving students in kindergarten through grade 3, one intermediate school serving students in grade 3 through grade 5,[38] one middle school, and one high school.[39] There is a Madison Area Technical College regional campus on the west side of Reedsburg.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d "The Historic Resources of Reedsburg Sauk County, Wisconsin".
  5. ^ a b The History of Sauk County, Wisconsin. Chicago: Western Historical Company. 1880. p. 556.
  6. ^ Sesquicentennial History Committee (1997). Reedsburg Remembers 150 Years: A History of Reedsburg, Wisconsin 1848–1998. Chelsea, MI: BookCrafters. pp. 18–20.
  7. ^ Curry, Ross Milo (2010). Hidden History of the Wisconsin Dells Area. Chicago: History Press. p. 37.
  8. ^ "Reedsburg, Wisconsin". City-Data.com. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  9. ^ Sesquicentennial History Committee (1997). Reedsburg Remembers 150 Years: A History of Reedsburg, Wisconsin 1848–1998. Chelsea, MI: BookCrafters. pp. 31–32.
  10. ^ The History of Sauk County, Wisconsin: Containing an Account of Settlement. 1880. p. 565.
  11. ^ History of Sauk County (PDF). p. 1058.
  12. ^ "Clipped From The Capital Times". The Capital Times. 1957-08-31. p. 5. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  13. ^ Sesquicentennial History Committee (1997). Reedsburg Remembers 150 Years: A History of Reedsburg, Wisconsin 1848–1998. Chelsea, MI: BookCrafters. pp. 279–281.
  14. ^ "Home". Sauk County Historical Society. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  15. ^ Sesquicentennial History Committee (1997). Reedsburg Remembers 150 Years: A History of Reedsburg, Wisconsin 1848–1998. Chelsea, MI: BookCrafters. pp. 318, 280.
  16. ^ "RAILROAD OPERATING INFORMATION". www.chicagorailfan.com. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  17. ^ Sesquicentennial History Committee (1997). Reedsburg Remembers 150 Years: A History of Reedsburg, Wisconsin 1848–1998. Chelsea, MI: BookCrafters. p. 201.
  18. ^ "Wisconsin 400 State Trail Home Page". Wisconsin 400 State Trail. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  19. ^ Shattuck, Kathryn (20 September 2013). "A Celebration of Fermentation". New York Times. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  20. ^ Dynes, Erica. "Reedsburg movie theater closes due to flood damage". Wiscnews.com. Retrieved 2020-10-04.
  21. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  22. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-02-20. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  23. ^ Society, BILL SCHUETTE Sauk County Historical. "It's about time". Wiscnews.com. Retrieved 2019-07-20.
  24. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  25. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  26. ^ "Elected Officials". reedsburgwi.gov. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
  27. ^ "Message from Chief Patrick Cummings". www.reedsburgwi.gov. Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  28. ^ a b "Main Street Commercial Historic District".
  29. ^ "Historic & Architectural Walking Tour of Reedsburg | Reedsburg Public Library". www.reedsburglibrary.org. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  30. ^ "400 State Trail - Reedsburg to Elroy". www.400statetrail.org. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  31. ^ "About". Sound Devices. Retrieved 2020-10-04.
  32. ^ "Parks". www.reedsburgwi.gov. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  33. ^ "In memory of David C. Reed | Newspaper Article/Clipping". Wisconsin Historical Society. 2012-01-01. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  34. ^ "Herbert H. Webb". www.reedsburgwi.gov. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  35. ^ "Reedsburg Comprehensive Plan 2001" (PDF).
  36. ^ "Half-Moon Lagoon DGC". Disc Golf Course Review. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  37. ^ "Preliminary Map for Bike Routes". www.reedsburgwi.gov. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  38. ^ "School District of Reedsburg - About Us". www.rsd.k12.wi.us. Retrieved 2019-10-25.
  39. ^ "School District of Reedsburg Website".
  40. ^ "Clare A. Briggs". City of Reedsburg, Wisconsin. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  41. ^ Paul F. Hunter, ed. (1919). "The Wisconsin Blue Book 1919". Wisconsin Blue Books. Madison: 451–452.
  42. ^ Hans B. Warner, ed. (1879). The Blue Book of the State of Wisconsin for 1879. Madison: David Atwood. p. 504.
  43. ^ "John Harrington". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  44. ^ "Charlie Kavanagh". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  45. ^ a b c "Reedsburg, Wisconsin". City-Data.com. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  46. ^ Tranberg, Charles (2005). I Love the Illusion: The Life and Career of Agnes Moorehead. Albany, Georgia: BearManor Media. p. 19.
  47. ^ J. D. Beck, ed. (1911). The Blue Book: The State of Wisconsin. Madison: Democrat Printing Company. p. 780.
  48. ^ Henry Casson, ed. (1895). The Blue Book of the State of Wisconsin. Milwaukee: The Milwaukee Litho. & Engr. Co. p. 691.

External links[edit]