The Reef Islands are a loose collection of 16 islands in the northwestern part of the Solomon Islands province of Temotu. These islands have historically also been known by the names of Swallow Islands and Matema Islands.
The islands lie about 80 km (50 mi) north of Nendo, the largest of the Santa Cruz Islands. The center of the group is at approximately 10°12'36" S lat., 166°10'12" E. long. The islands are raised some five metres on the east and tilted west. The islands are subject to tidal surges caused by cyclones and volcanic activity from nearby Tinakula volcano. The island soils are shallow yet fertile.
The islands or atolls of the group are:
- Nibanga Temau
- Nibanga Nendi
- Matema Island
- Pigeon Island
Numa Miombilou or "Great Reef" is one continuous shoal, extending about 25 km (16 mi) west of Nifiloli. About 10 km (6.2 mi) to the south of this shoal are 4 small coral reefs:
Separated from these groups are what are called the "outer islands":
- Nalongo and Nupani at 10°6'36" S. lat., 165°19'12" E. long., located at about 75 km (45 mi.) northwest of the main group
- Nukapu located about 35 km (21 mi.) to the northwest of the main group
- Makalom about 17 km (10 mi.) to the northwest of the main group
- Pileni about 9 km (5.5 mi.) to the northwest of the main group
- Patteson Shoal about 100 km (60 mi.) away from the main group
Population and languages
Two very different languages are spoken in the Reef Islands, both Oceanic, yet genealogically and typologically very different. The inhabitants of Pileni, Matema, Nupani and Nukapu, speak Vaeakau-Taumako (a.k.a. Pileni), a Polynesian outlier language. The remaining Melanesian (non-Polynesian) population speaks Äiwoo, a member of the Reefs–Santa Cruz group of Oceanic.
- "Reef Islands". Solomon Islands Historical Encyclopaedia 1893-1978. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
- "Reef Islands - John Seach". Volcano Live. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
- Boerger, Brenda; Næss, Åshild; Vaa, Anders; Emerine, Rachel; Hoover, Angela. 2012. Sociological factors in Reefs-Santa Cruz language vitality: a 40 year retrospective. International Journal of the Sociology of Language. Volume 2012, Issue 214, Pages 111–152, ISSN (Online) 1613-3668, ISSN (Print) 0165-2516, DOI: 10.1515/ijsl-2012-0023.
- Santa Cruz and the Reef Islands, 1908 account by W. C. O'Ferrall, Anglican missionary from 1897-1904.
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