The reference mark or reference symbol (※; Japanese: こめじるし or 米印, transliterated komejirushi [komedʑiꜜɾɯɕi], literally 'rice symbol'; Korean: 참고표, translit. chamgopyo, lit. 'reference mark' or, informally, 당구장표 danggujang-pyo 'billiard-table mark') is a punctuation mark used in Japanese and Korean writing.
It is used to call attention to an important sentence or thought, like a prologue or footnote. In contrast to the European asterisk, it is not used for connecting a specific place in the text directly to the footnote, but rather for notes directly before or after the passage.
- Japanese in a Flash. 2.
- Jan M. Ziolkowski (2018). The Juggler of Notre Dame and the Medievalizing of Modernity. p. 47. ISBN 1783744367.
[…] The Japanese komejirushi (“rice symbol”), so called for its similarity to the kanji for kome (“rice”) and used in Japanese writing to denote an important sentence or thought.